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The Great Flood
To  secure  the  future  of  the  human  race,  God  wipes  out  its  widespread  perversions
    "So the LORD said, 'I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land,
man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens, for I am sorry that I have made them.
(for the purpose of their existence is negated)
 But Noah found favour in the eyes of the LORD."
Unique, Horrific,
Global Tsunami

never – to be – repeated!

Genesis 6:7-8 ESV
The final trigger

both preFlood
and in Canaan
for the World Flood/Global-Tsunami is given in Genesis Six as biological perversion in human mutation,
Allegedly disovered
May 1912,
in a mound next
to Lake Delavan,
Wisconsin, USA,
but, even if
it were a hoax,
as it most likely
is, it illustrates
what the Bible
tells us of this
from an age
when strength
was everything.
caused by demonic genetic interference (fallen 'sons of God'/angels) using human females.
Therefore the Creator sets a time limit on the existence of this corrupted human society of 120-years.
Attempts to avoid this view do violence to the meaning of the original Hebrew text.
But, as Jesus taught that
angels have no gender
(Matthew 22:30),
this is to be understood
simply as
genetic interference
to impress by producing
'giants' of physical strength.
Some have pretended that Nephilim could mean aliens but the old Jewish Septuagint translation is reliable in the word 'gigantes' (giants).
(John Calvin's interpretation that 'sons of God' was the 'godly generation' inter-marrying with fallen humanity, arose from his ignorance of the Hebrew language and has no foundation whatsoever in Holy Scripture, which more than once uses the same term for angels, but his error, replicated by others in various forms, has been used to justify racism in some societies; as though two races developed, one from Cain and one from Seth.)
Some theologians have also followed his direction and countered with references to God as having a parental relationship to believers
but this does not do justice to the grammar or to the literary context, for racial inter-marriage does not warrant extermination
[Of terms used, note:
For honest exegesis, the Hebrew term translated 'sons of God' must be understood in its own Hebrew literary context. This therefore can only mean 'supernatural beings' (i.e. unborn beings), and not 'believers' as some expositors have foolishly tried to impose on the text to avoid awkward questions of 'how' this could happen, but just as this same term is also used In Job 1:6 & 38:7 for angels.
The term translated 'giants' (nephilim) has no Hebrew base no matter what allusions commentators try to draw from similar Hebrew words. It does not mean 'fallen ones'. It is derived from an Aramaic noun "naphil(a)" which simply means 'giant' and so the pre-Christian Jewish Septuagint correctly translated 'nephilim' as 'gigantes' = giants]
It is worth noting that there have been reports of giant human fossilized footprints, but whether these are authentic ot not, the Bible indicates that this genetic perversion was repeated in Canaan from the same source while Israel was in Egypt for 430-years (one had six fingers on each hand, and six toes on each foot) and this was the basis for God ordering the extinction of that Amorite civilization when Israel invaded that land under Joshua.
Goliath was decended from the refugees of the giants of Hebron (1 Chronicles 20).
These perverting angels/demons are those referred to by Jude –
"the angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, He has kept in eternal chains under gloomy darkness until the judgment of the great day" (1:6), that is:
completely removed
from human history!
So, the
Biblical data shows that bachelor Noah now has this time of 120-years to prepare for the Flood survival –
by marriage, family, and the construction of his great three-story landlocked barge (the ark).
But the huge

Year-Length theory
difference between the average length of human life before the Flood (c.900-years) and human longevity today has led some to speculate that those 'years' were not as long as our years today. But in past human history, the year has always been based on the agricultural cycle of Spring-Summer-Autumn-Winter, not on a particular number of days.
Common 'Christian' Fallacies
concerning life-expectancy.
the day-counting of this annual cycle would then be adjusted variously in different cultures to keep in step with the cycle of the seasons. So minor variations occurred, but nothing in human history can explain the vast difference in the average-age between pre and post Flood generations, other than a radical change in the actual length of human life, and this itself points by implication to the nature of the Flood and therefore also to its probable cause.
At no time
is human longevity ever decreed by God. Since exclusion from access to the Tree of Life (Gen.3:24) which negated the natural aging process, human length of life is always a product of human lifestyle and environment.

See: 'Probable Cause'
this 120-year warning period before the Flood, unfortunately the Contemporary English Version (CEV) translation exemplifies this common error that God set a general longevity limit, by translating the Flood Warning to Noah (Genesis 6:3) as if God were saying –
"'I won't let my life-giving breath* remain in anyone forever. No one will live for more than one hundred twenty years'"
Perverse translation.
CEV Perpetuating Error!
This false impression could have been avoided by the addition of ..."from now".
*This is also
contrary to its own context, for the Contemporary English Version (CEV) word 'breath' in the Hebrew original is 'ruach' (Spirit, the same as in Genesis 1:2), not 'neshamah' (breath), so this and similar translations should not be trusted. A better understanding of this mistranslated sentence will have a profound effect on our understanding of the physical cause of the Flood.
  "In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day
[1] all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and [2] the windows of the heavens were opened."
Genesis 7:11.
It has been popular to try and explain the Flood as a 'local' catastrophe with a 'global' effect. But this does not fit the facts.
There are
three flood-factors in the Bible's description which point to a unique global flood, namely:
1. its cause/mechanism;  2. the inclusion of all birds; and  3. its unique after-effect –
1.  Its Cause: 
The two sources – (1) great rain, and (2) "all the fountains of the great deep burst forth" (תהום רבה) describes nothing less than a tidal surge involving all oceans, an event which implies a global tectonic plate disturbance;
2.  The Birds: 
The preservation of birds on the Ark also points to a global event, for otherwise birds would simply have flown to higher areas;
3.  Unique After Effect: 
The sudden permanent reduction in human longevity also points to a world-wide environmental change.

Enoch the Prophet  
Flood Timing
longest lived pre-Flood patriarch in the genealogy of Abraham is Methuselah (A8 on the next page graph of Abraham's lineage) – a phenomenal 969 years. If one adds the years from the birth of Methuselah to the Flood, it is also 969 years. This is not coincidence! The figure is composed as follows (age at the birth of each patriarch's son, plus Noah's age at the Flood):
this means is that, although the text does not say it explicitly,
the year that Enoch's first-born son died – is the year in which the Flood came.
God is faithful to the Faithful!
This reminds one of God's attitude to king Solomon – protected for the sake of his father, David (1 Kings 11:12). So for the sake of faithful Enoch, the judgment of God (which was a central theme of Enoch's prophesying, Jude 14-15), is delayed until after the death of his son and heir – Methuselah.
Does this not say something to us of the gracious faithfulness of God Most High to those who hear Him!
Praise God
for His grace!
نوح Nūḥ Noah the Hope  
Genesis details of Noah indicate that he was unmarried at the time of God's revelation to him of the coming Flood (120-year notice period, Gen.6:3) and of the role of human mutation in its cause (6:2,4). His single status at his age is most unusual at this time. This unique man has further detail associated with him in Genesis, directly and indirectly.
to Jewish historian/priest Josephus (revised) and the pre-Christian Septuagint translation of Genesis (confirmed by the New Testament in Luke.3:36) which were based on a much earlier Scripture text than our present Hebrew copies, the following Genesis data gives the milestones in Noah's life:
Noah's Flood warning from God 
His delayed marriage 
His second son's birth 
His father's death 
His grandfather's death and the Flood 
  The Great Flood
His grandson's birth 
His great grandson's birth 
His great great grandson's birth 
Noah dies 
No wonder the ancient Sumerian tradition calls this patriarch: Ziusudra; meaning – 'life of long days'.
to this data then, patriarch Noah dies 311 years before his many descendants break up into groups at Babel by language confusion (around the time of Peleg's birth) and scatter across the earth. The long term effects of radical climatic change and stress in handling varied climatography further affects overall longevity.
Nevertheless, the great Noah lived to see his fifth generation (inclusive Hebrew counting),
even outdoing his tested and blesséd descendant Job (Job 42:16).
the Ark of Noah was not a boat/ship as often portrayed. It was simply a floating container, built on land according to dimensions given to him by God. It had no propulsion, so it had no prow, and was very different from many of the fanciful drawings used to illustrate the event.
                  The Ark's dimensions:
Length 300 x Width 50 x Height 30 cubits
On a 'cubit' of 18 inches*
that would be
in feet 450 x 75 and 45 in height.
*This is uncertain for the cubit was the length from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger of a man and we do not know the stature of Noah.
  Noah's Ark Experience
Day   Description       
  1   – The door of the three-story Ark is closed by the LORD
  7   – The Flood Rain begins
   47   – The Rain stops, all visible land is covered
  157   – The Ark strands upon mountains
  231   – Mountains become visible
  241   – Raven first sent out
  275   – Dove returns with a green olive leaf
  377   – Noah's family exit the Ark with animals, birds, etc..

Thus the
event that marks the greatest change in human length-of-life in human history is –
See: 'Probable Cause'
370 370 370 … THE CRISIS YEAR … 370 370 370
The Great Flood as reported in detail in Genesis 6-8, and constitutes the worst natural disaster in all human history (please note: 'probable cause');
the only event to need God's promise that it would not ever happen again ( with rainbow reassurance)..
An analysis of the Bible data indicates: Graph of the great Crisis Year See: 'Probable Cause'
The World Flood
(Global Tsunami)
(Three 'Flood' Hypotheses)
"For Christ ... being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the Spirit, in which He went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison, because they formerly did not obey, when God's patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through water."
1 Peter 3:18-20 ESV.
  Hebrew mabbul meaning 'deluge'  –  Akkadian abÜbum meaning 'devastating storm-surge'
Flood drainage takes 330 days before humans and animals can safely leave the Ark.
The hero of the World Flood in different traditions
'relief / comfort'
'friend of God'
'life of long days'
'he has found life'
Late Babylonian 
Old Babylonian 
'exceedingly wise'
  Noah's Diary of Special Events
 Note: TWO mechanisms are at work! Year  I Month   2 Day 10
Embarkation – "birds and all that move along the ground"
Gen. 7:4-10.  
Noah assurance of a New Beginning

Year  I Month   2 Day 17
"all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and  
 the floodgates of the heavens were opened"
Gen. 7:11 Atmospheric & Oceanic
waters engulf
all continents
40-day period of downpour and surging tide
Year  I Month   3 Day 27 Both the surging waters and incessant rain stop Gen. 7:24
110-day period of drifting on the currents
"Fossil remains of clams (found in the closed position, indicating they were buried alive) have been found atop Mt. Everest. Sedimentary layers and fossil remains seem to be a testimony to a past marine cataclysm."
(Source: Geoparks, UNESCO, 2007)
Bearing in mind of course that, as the Bible says (see below), the mountains were not always at their present height.
Currently Mount Everest is being pushed upwards (after deduction for erosion) at an average of 25mm per year.

Psalm 104:6-9
radical tectonic plate changes
Year  I Month   7 Day 17 After drifting for 150 days the Ark strands, Gen.8:4
74-day period stranded out of sight of land
Year  I Month 10 Day   1 Mountain tops become visible Gen.8:5
Year  I Month 11 Day 11 or 12 Raven is released and does not return Gen.8:7
Year  I Month 11 Day 18 or 19 Dove is released and returns Gen.8:8
Year  I Month 11 Day 25 or 26
Dove is released and returns with a fresh olive leaf
Year  I Month 12 Day   2 or  3 Dove is released and does not return Gen.8:12
Year II Month   1 Day   1 Noah removes shutters and sees the ground is drying Gen.8:13
Year II Month   2 Day 27 God's command to leave the Ark Gen.8:14-15
"You covered it [the land] with the deep as with a garment; the waters stood above the mountains.
At Your rebuke they fled; at the sound of Your thunder they took to flight.
The mountains rose, the valleys sank down to the place that You appointed for them.
You set a boundary that they may not pass, so that they might not again cover the earth."
Noah's Diary of the Flood indicates an old Earth Year of 360 days
It is important to note that as in Gabriel's prophecy in Daniel Nine and related periods referred to, the original year-length is used, namely 360-days. For instance in Revelation Twelve, the 1260-days is 3½-years (360x3+180=1260) or half a Seven.

'Deluge Tablet' of Gilgamesh Epic in the British Museum
Deluge tablet of the
Gilgamesh Epic
(#11 of 12) in the
Akkadian language.
rate of rotation of our earth (the length of a day, and therefore the number of days per year) is affected by change in the distance of our moon's orbit. Observed changes in our moon's present orbit indicate differences in past days-per-year. In confirmation, Middle Devonian corals indicate an earth year then of about 400 days (less than 22 hours a day), requiring a much closer moon-orbit than is at present.
Earliest recorded calendars reflect a 360-day-year cycle. These may be simply lunar-based with continuing adjustment for the agricultural cycles or they may indicate the much earlier experience as reflected in Noah's Diary.
These are –
Ancient Sumerian –  
360 day year, plus a month on occasion as each city state chose.
Ancient Egyptian –  
360 day year, plus 5 extra days to adjust to the solar year.
Ancient Hindu –  
360 day year, adding a month every 60 months to adjust to the solar year.
Ancient Mayan –  
360 day year (tun), plus 5 unlucky days to adjust to the solar year.
     This ancient Mayan calendar was composed as follows:
kin  =  one day;    
uinal = 20 days;   fingers+toes
tun = 360 days (18 uinal);   30x12
katun = 7,200 days (20 tun);   600x12
baktun = 144,000 days (20 katun/400 years).   12000x12
Their calendar shows the number of days elapsed since their beginning date: August 11, 3114 BC (some scholars think the date is August 13, 3114 B.C.)
Our earth-day has been lengthening by an average of about 30 seconds a century as our moon's average distance from the earth slowly increases. Recently changes to this trend have occurred.
See: 'World Weather'
the possibility that the Flood was local – for those who accept the Biblical data, two points need to be remembered:
All birds are included among the fauna to be preserved.
It took 330 days for the water to drain and the earth to dry sufficiently to disembark.
This then makes a local flood impossible. So, one must either accept a World Flood or simply reject the Biblical data. There really is no middle ground on this issue.
After the Flood
mountains on which the Noah's huge barge stranded are described in Genesis as belonging to the 'Ararat' region in Genesis 8:4.
'Ararat' (אררט, 'ărārāṭ) is the Hebrew equivalent of the Assyro-Babylonian 'Urartu'. This is a region between the Upper Tigris and Aras rivers of northern Iraq and eastern Turkey, which includes the massive volcanic peaks of the present day mountain called Ararat.
in the mountainous region of eastern Anatolia human civilization began again after the Flood, and spread southward until they tried to consolidate their unity in a city (Babel) in southern Mesopotamia.
Human diet-change!
Note the distinction in God's command about the animals. Noah is to take on board seven of every kind of clean animal (fit for food and therefore acceptable as a sacrifice to God), and simply a breeding pair of each unclean animal (unfit to eat). This distinction is given greater detail later in Israel's Mosaic code. (Lev.11).
change of diet to now eating animals is the reason why God now also places the fear of humans on all animals, which has the effect of cutting communication from the animal-side, for Noah's Ark carried all kinds of birds which were herded but called into the Ark.
The significant implication of the loss of this communication, as also with Adam's loss of access to the tree of life in Eden, is that, in the restoration of nature in the return of Christ, these original design features are restored
"For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God.
For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly,
but because of Him who subjected it,
in hope that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption
and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God."
Romans 8:19-21.
For those
then who condemn the eating of animal products as un-Edenic and therefore contrary to God's original design (such as in Seventh-day Adventism) – it should be remembered that the earth has been cursed by God (Genesis 3:17), and therefore it is no longer capable of supplying human needs through plant products alone, hence the God-given preflood distinction among animals above. This productivity decline is now exacerbated as a consequence of the Flood, therefore God announces –
"Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything."
Genesis 9:3
Some have nevertheless regarded this divine command as nothing but a concession to fallen man because of his evil nature. This idea is not true for two reasons –
it completely ignores the context, the after-effect of the Flood (the earth's changed productivity), illustrated by the rainbow which had never been seen before; and,
it is contrary to the character of God, particularly as demonstrated by Jesus, that the principle is always human benefit and not God's compromise from some imagined ideal (e.g. Christ's Sabbath observance).
Permitted Human Diet
Eden: – seed-bearing plants only;
Post-Eden: – including 'clean' animals;
Post-Flood: – including everything that moves.
to the Bible, the curse on the productivity of the soil will only be lifted at the return of the Lord Jesus Christ, and not before (Romans 8:19-22). It is therefore a misleading deception to teach that vegetarianism is God's prescribed way for a healthy lifestyle today.
White's Doctrinal Distinctives

Geologic column
and dinosaurs
interesting note on the web site of the Global Network of Geoparks (assisted by UNESCO) reads:
     "Dinosaur fossils were once thought to be millions of years old. This age was based upon the geologic column. The geologic column dates fossils by the rocks in which they are found, and dates rocks by the fossils they contain. Critics insist this is circular reasoning. "The intelligent layman has long suspected circular reasoning in the use of rocks to date fossils and fossils to date rocks" (J.E. O'Rourke, "American Journal of Science," 1976, 276:51). Furthermore, the geologic column assumes uniformity, which has come to be disproved by such geologic features as poly-strata fossils, misplaced fossils, missing layers, and misplaced layers (such as layers in reverse order, or "ancient" layers found several layers above "modern" layers). Most recently, advocates of an "Old Earth" turn to Radiometric Dating to prove dinosaurs to be ancient. Though they cannot date the dinosaur remains themselves, they can date rocks buried near the dinosaur remains. This is not accepted by many authorities as valid, as Radiometric Dating is based upon controversial assumptions held to be erroneous by many scholars, as indicated by empirical research. Dinosaurs are assumed to be millions of years old. Many now propose they died off in recent times and are responsible for the myriad of dragon myths. This has come to be a popular theory with such discoveries as the Ice Stones, the Glenn Rose tracks, etc. In addition, human remains have been found buried with dinosaur remains on more than one occasion. It may be that man hunted dinosaurs to extinction." (emphasis mine).

Today, in contrast to the average pre-flood longevity,
an analysis of the aging process today indicates rapid and varying declines in different body functions with time.

The age related decline in female fertility is particularly noteworthy.
Two Cautionary Notes:
"Chronology is a dangerous subject for study, because it can become an obsession, then a disease. One must learn to distance oneself from emotional self-identification with any given datings, whatever they might be."
– Prof. Kenneth A. Kitchen, Times Literary Supplement (21 June 1991).
"I wish radiocarbon was not so messy, either in its statistical uncertainty, or in the intricacies of calibration... More and more we have dendro (tree-ring) dates, with the excitement of precision to nearly a single calendar year..."
– Christopher Chippindale, editorial, Antiquity (June 1993).
Radiocarbon dating is a very useful tool. Its reliability assumes, however, that its formation (in the upper atmosphere from the impact of the solar wind) is more or less constant in earth history. But radiocarbon dating prior to about 3000 BC is generally contradicted by other dating methods and should therefore be viewed with caution.

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