A SUMMARY OF CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE AND RELATED MATTERS
The rumours of Adolf Hitler's Jewish ancestry centre on the paternity of his father,
Alois 'Hitler' (by Frankenberger of Graz in Austria); in other words – Hitler's grandfather.
that Hitler's paternal grandfather was Jewish first appeared in Paris before the Second World War.
Hitler's nephew William* had tried to borrow money from him to finance his gambling habit and had been rejected.
In revenge he broke Hitler's Jewish-family-origin to the French media.
*British son of Hitler's half-brother Alois: William Patrick Hitler (1911-1987) who lived in Germany from 20 October 1933 to late 1937, and from March 1938 to 1 February 1939.
On March 6, 1944, he was inducted into the United States Navy.
But understandably, after WW2 William changed his last name to Stuart-Houston.
the story was now in the public domain, Hitler's SS (Schutzstaffel/Protection Squadron) instituted an investigation of these rumours and declared them to be false and without any foundation whatsoever (as was really to be expected at that time).
war, some 'historians' have investigated and found no direct evidence in Austria to support the story (in particular, 'historian' and neo-Nazi David J. Irving). But, perhaps this also was to be expected after the Nazi SS had completed their 'investigation' (elimination) of evidences.
However, the thorough research of Austrian professor of Dr. Franz Jetzinger as reflected below cannot be undone.
Among the more recent arguments against Hitler's Jewish ancestry has been the theory that no Jews were allowed to live in the town of Graz at this time (raised with me by a Jewish person in Belgium, and a Neo-Nazi in the USA) and that therefore my Jewish grandfather-Frankenberger statement could therefore not be true.
But this widely held 'Jew-free Graz' story is patently false for –
apart from the freedom extended to all Jews by Austrian Emperor Joseph II's Edict of Toleration (January 1782), in the
town of Graz itself, its own University appointed a Jew to their academic staff in 1903 (Otto Loewi, 1873–1961).
• In 1905 Jewish Otto Loewi is awarded Austrian citizenship.
• In 1936 he is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (re. vagusstoff/acetylcholine), his diploma of which is still housed at the university of Graz.
In addition, one should also remember that, even before the Emperor's 1782 Edict, it was often in the interest of leaders not to apply anti-Semitic restrictions to more affluent Jews, and evidence indicates that the Leopold Frankenberger affluence would have applied here.
the circumstantial evidences still remain, and no more probable explanation has yet been forthcoming to explain the true paternity of Hitler's father and its actual circumstance,
even though many still try to discredit the idea for their own personal reasons.
These evidences are —
In Graz, the sewing-maid of the Frankenberger family, Maria Schickelgruber, falls pregnant and is sent back to her village of Strones near Dollersheim.
Maria receives regular financial support from the Frankenbergers during her pregnancy.
June 7:, Alois (Adolf Hitler's future father) is born illegitimately of the 42-year-old Maria Schickelgruber, most probably from the 19-year-old heir of the Jewish Frankenberger family of Graz.
Alois' entry in the parish baptismal register leaves the name of his father blank.
Alois and his mother are initially given accommodation by an hospitable neighbour (Maria's father at first refusing to take his erring daughter in), and only then later into Alois' maternal grandfather's home.
May 10: when Alois is five-years-old, Maria Schickelgruber (47) marries a widower from the 20-kilometres-distant village of Spital, the fifty-year-old unemployed miller Johann Georg Hiedler ['Hikler'].
Alois' mother, Maria Schickelgruber-Hiedler dies at age 52.
Alois is taken into the home of his foster-father's younger brother, Johann Nepomuk Hiedler, a successful farmer who had raised his own son.
Alois is sent to Vienna at age thirteen to be apprenticed to a shoemaker.
Alois' foster-father Johann Georg Hiedler dies.
After having advanced his education by his own efforts, Alois joins the border police of the Austrian Customs Service in his nineteenth year.
Alois is taken into the Customs Service itself after having reached the highest rank possible in the police open to one of his limited education.
Alois (Frankenberger) Hitler
Alois 'Hikler' [Huetler/Hiedler] has an illegitimate son.
Alois Huetler/Hiedler/Hikler's baptismal-record at Dollersheim, Austria, is now amended by the parish priest, at the request of the 77-year-old Nepomuk Hiedler, younger brother of the now-deceased JG 'Hikler' [Hiedler], supported by the 'testimony' of his three illiterate associates (two of whom were related to Nepomuk) to the effect that Alois' deceased foster-father, Johann Georg 'Hikler'/Hiedler, had really been his biological father.
This is done to secure Alois a career advantage in the Austrian civil service.
The reason for this alteration is noted in the parish register in the column headed 'remarks'. The change is questionable as (1) there should have been four witnesses, and (2) all three had been youths at the time of Maria's death, whom they swore had earlier identified Johann Georg as Alois' father. (3) The priest himself had only arrived in Dollersheim after the alleged father's death and simply accepted the word of his respected parishioner Nepomuk.
January 7, Alois formally changes his name to 'Hitler'.
Alois 'Hitler' [Hiedler] separates from his wife (moneyed and 14-years older than he) and takes the barmaid of the Gasthaus on the ground floor under his apartment/flat as his mistress.
Alois' first wife dies and he marries his mistress, who had already born him one child and bears another before dying of tuberculosis two years later.
Alois marries Klara Pölzl (seventh-child of Nepomuk Hiedler's daughter Johanna, whose married name was Pölzl). Klara had worked for Alois as serving-maid before his separation from his first wife but was sent away probably by his mistress in 1883.
Saturday, April 20: In Brannau on the river Inn, Adolf is born, the fourth child of Klara.
"...a mother's darling ...with that chilling self-centerdness and overwhelming belief in his own superiority
which is so often found in the only sons of foolishly indulgent mothers." (DC Watt 1959:121).
has six children by Klara (the first being born five months after the marriage registration),
but only two survive their early years, namely – Adolf and Paula.
Alois, age fifty-five, is appointed to the highest rank open to him as Zolleberamtsoffiziell at the Austrian Customs House in Passau, on the Bavarian side of the river Inn.
Alois is pensioned off after an official medical examination.
On his retirement, Alois buys a seven-acre homestead in Fischlhalm, near Lambach, on the river Traun, south of Linz, paying 80% in cash (8,000 crowns) compared to his annual salary of 2,600 crowns.
Alois' family homestead proves too expensive to run so he sells it and moves, first to lodgings in Lambach, and then he buys a small house and garden in Leonding near Linz for 7,700 crowns.
Adolf Hitler, age eleven, graduates to the Realschule in Linz. He is forced to repeat his first year due to his low marks, his worst subjects being mathematics and German.
He does a further year at the Realschule at Steyr near Linz.
His teachers regard him as talented but lazy. His only first is in Turnen (Physical Training).
Alois dies of a stroke at Leonding near Linz, when Adolf is thirteen-years-old. Widow Klara, Adolf's indulgent mother, receives a generous pension as well as an educational allowance for her two children. Alois' obituary is published in the Linzer Tagespost and gives a very different picture of him from Hitler's Mein Kampf.
April: Adolf Hitler age 18 now inherits his share of his father's estate of about 700 crowns, and moves to Vienna where he fails the entrance exam of the Academy of Art. December: Adolf's indulgent mother Klara dies after being operated on for breast cancer earlier in the year.
(Under Austrian law, Klara's surviving children, Adolf and Paula, are each entitled to half of his mother's pension of about 50 crowns a month for educational purposes while still under age.)
Having wasted his inheritance and educational allowance, Adolf Hitler now lodges in the Men's Home for the homeless in the 20th Bezirk of Vienna, where he remains, while avoiding his Austrian military obligations. He appeals for aid from his mother's sister Johanna (who had taken his sister Paula into her home after his mother's death).
During this time his anti-Semitism begins to grow from cheap anti-Semitic pamphlets in general circulation in Vienna.
March: Adolf's aunt Johanna dies and so Adolf's step-sister Angela (widowed in 1910 with three of her own children to support) takes his sister Paula into her own home.
Adolf Hitler is now obliged to agree with a municipal trustee's decision that Adolf's whole orphan pension of 50 crowns a month now go to his younger sister Paula after it becomes known that he had received "substantial sums" from his aunt Johanna.
In May: Adolf moves to Munich, rendering himself liable to a year's imprisonment and a fine of 2,000 crowns for leaving Austria without having registered for military service.
January 10: the Austrian authorities have traced Adolf to Munich and his address is known.
Adolf is eventual forced to travel to Salzberg in Austria for registration, where he is medically examined and declared physically unfit for military service.
After August, Adolf enlists in the German army, eventually joining the 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment (RIR 16).
March: Hitler's regiment takes up its trench position in Fournes. His closest companion is a dog (an English terrier) which strayed into German lines when chasing a rat across no-man's-land. Hitler adopts it, names it Foxl, and teaches it tricks, until October when the British begin using poison gas. Hitler's company sergeant, Max Amann, describes Hitler as an odd but very selfless man dedicated to duty.
November: Age 26, while serving as corporal on the Western Front, Hitler buys a guidebook for four marks in Fournes, while he serves as Meldegänger ('message runner') assigned to RIR16 (List) regimental headquarters of commander Friedrich Petz.
October: Hitler travels to Berlin to spend his ten-day furlough with the parents of a regimental comrade, Richard Arendt.
December: Hitler returns from the war.
Thursday, June 5: Hitler attends a one-week course in political ideology at the University of Munich, dealing with 'German history since the Reformation'; 'political history' of the Great War; the 'economic terms' of the Treaty of Versailles; and workshops are held on debating techniques and 'unified concepts' of German identity.
The first of five publications
that helped poison
against all Jews.
Friday, September 19: Hitler visits a meeting of the anti-Semitic, anti-communist, right wing nationalist party 'German Workers' Party' (Deutsche Arbeiterpartel) led by by Anton Drexler which only has 40 members, but after this visit, Hitler joins the party as it seems to represent all that he believes in and he becomes the party's propaganda officer.
1. This same night, at the Oberwiesenfeld barracks, Hitler reads through Drexler's 40-page booklet Mein Poltifisches Erwachen (My Political Awakening) in which he finds echoes of his own feelings and which focusses on the Jews as the enemy of the German people. Hitler later writes of this booklet –
"Once I had begun, I read the little book through with interest; for it reflected a similar process
to the one which I myself had gone through twelve years before. Involuntarily,
I saw my own development come to life before my eyes."
Drexler's complaint was of significant Jewish influences in –
the press, including the Vossische Zeitung
finance, asserting that 80% of Germany's assets are "in Jewish hands"
the trade unions;
the Bolshevik movement; and
the collapse of the German war effort.
He peppers his treatise with excerpts from the Jewish Talmud,
and uses terms such as "eradication" (Ausrottung) and "extermination" (Vernichtung).
January: Hitler forces the German Workers Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartel) co-founder Anton Drexler out of his chairmanship of the party and renames the party the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP, later corrupted to 'Nazi'), and frames a twenty-five point program to serve as its manifesto. The party newspaper is the Völkischer Beobachter, acquired December 1919 with financial assistance of Grandel and others.
March: Hitler receives his discharge papers from the German army.
2. Otto Dickel's book
'Resurgence of the West'
blames the Jews for much!
(Dickel is professor
of philosophy at
February: Hitler forces the party leadership to cede him significant authority, and squashes the plan of Drexler to negotiate a merger with other German nationalist movements.
Autumn: In Berlin, Hitler's friendship with Dietrich Eckart, of the NSDAP, grows, and Eckart, recognising Hitler's leadership and public-speaking ability, begins to promote his image.
Augsburg, Hitler begins to see Professor Otto Dickel as his competitor for party leadership as Dickel critiques Hitler's twenty-five-point party program.
Hitler later complains to Eckart of Dickel's talk to the Party leadership that –
"When, after three tedious hours, I attempted to bring a quick close to these proceedings by exiting the room, the official representatives of the Party who were present not only did not support me, but quite the opposite continued the negotiations".
Hitler resigns from the Nazi Party to precipitate a crisis among the leadership to choose between Dickel or himself.
July 14, Thursday: Hitler agrees to return to the Party on the following terms –
"the immediate summoning of a membership meeting within eight days, as of today, with the following agenda: the current leadership of the Party will resign and with the new elections I will demand the position of chairman for myself with dictatorial powers to immediately create an action committee that is to ruthlessly purge the Party of the foreign elements that have penetrated it."
September 10: At a Nazi Party leadership meeting, Hitler replaces Drexler as chairman, appoints Max Amann in charge of Party finances, and ejects Otto Dickel from the Party.
October 22: Hitler exercises full authority over the Party, moving its headquarters to an office at 12 Cornelius Street, creates an archive to preserve the history of the Nazi movement, and establishes a secret service (forerunner to the Gestapo).
Hitler's list of recommended readings on the Nazi Party membership cards includes works by Dietrich Eckart, Alfred Rosenberg, Gottfriend Feder, and America's Henry Ford.
opens the way with the
Party leadership for it to
become central to
Thursday, November 8: About 8:30PM, Hitler storms into the Bürgerbräu Beer Hall in Munich with a squadron of armed storm troopers, silences the room with a pistol shot into the ceiling, and then at gunpoint extracts a loyalty oath from Munich's assembled political leadership: Gustav von Kahr; Hans Ritter von Seisser; and Otto von Lussow,
and declares a "national revolution".
Friday, November 9: Hitler assembles 2,000 right-wing radicals in central Munich, intending to replicate Mussolini's march on Rome that had established a fascist government in Italy, by seizing power in Bavaria and then to proceed to Berlin. Accompanied by Erich Ludendorff, Hitler marches his men through the streets of Munich to the Odeon Square but they are met with salvos of gunfire from a military cordon.
In Munich, Germany – ADOLF HITLER hangs a potrait of HENRY FORD in his office and confides to a Chicago Tribune reporter that –
"I wish I could send some of my shock troops to Chicago and other big American cities to help in the elections.
We look on Heinrich Ford as the leader of the growing Fascist Party in America." (source: Stone & Kuznick 2013:80)
November 11: Hitler is arrested for treason at the lakeside villa of Ernst Hanfstaengl after his attempt to seize power in Munich (the 'Beer Hall Putsch') and he is subsequently sentenced to 5-years imprisonment.
given final form
3. American Henry Ford's German translation of his Anti-Semitic two-volume book The International Jew (Der Internationale Jude: Ein Weltproblem) has a profound influence on Hitler's thinking while he is in prison.
4. The reprint of Paul Lagarde's German Essays (a series of late 19th-century essays advocating the systematic removal of Europe's Jewish population) also becomes a significant influence in the thinking of of Adolf Hitler while in prison.
On page 41 Lagarde calls for the "transplanting of German and Austrian Jews to Palestine (see Hanotea), and speaks of Jews as "pestilence". On page 276, Lagarde states –
"The political system without which it cannot exist must be eliminated"
Hitler's pencil markings to this in the margin of this page indicate its importance to him. (TW Ryback 2010)
He now finds
his racial obsession
December 20: Hitler is released from prison after having served only nine-months of his five-year prison sentence.
In Munich, Germany, Adolf Hitler makes final application to be deprived of his Austrian citizenship to avoid the possibility of his deportation to Austria by the German police.
1925 German translation of American author Madison Grant's book The Passing of the Great Race, or The Racial Basis of European History, has a huge effect on Hitler's thinking.
In Munich, Germany, Hitler's half-niece Angela Maria 'Geli' Raubal (21) moves into Hitler's apartment.
Hitler (40) exercises such obsessive control over her that later she eventually commits suicide (18/09/1931)
by shooting herself in the chest with Hitler's Walther pistol.
his first love
Their relationship had started in 1925 when she was 17 and her mother, Angela Franziska Johanna Hitler-Raubal, was Hitler's housekeeper at the Berghof.
Hitler now goes into deep depression, takes refuge at a house near Tegernsee lake, does not attend her funeral, and only visits her grave two days later.
later states that she was the only woman he had ever loved, her room at the Berghof, Adolf Hitler's home in the Obersalzberg of the Bavarian Alps near Berchtesgaden, Bavaria, is kept just as she had left it, and he hangs portraits of her in his own room there and later at the Chancellery in Berlin.
August: Hitler moves from his apartment at 41 Thiersch Street to a more elegant third-floor residence on Munich's Prince Regeant's Square.
October 13: Hitler's 107 Nazi deputies turn up in uniform to take their new seats at the Reichstag.
Christmas: The last commander of regiment RIR16, Maximilian Baligrand, presents Hitler with a copy of the 500-page regimental history, with his handwritten inscription
"To his brave message runner [Meldegänger],
the highly decorated former corporal Mr. Adolf Hitler
in memory of serious but great times, with thanks."
(he had been awarded Iron Cross Second Class 1914, Iron Cross First Class 1918).
March 1:only four-days after becoming a German citizen, Hitler writes a letter to his employers at the state of Brunswick, where the Austrian-born Hitler worked in a minor administrative role, stating –
"I hereby request leave of absence to the end of the time for the selection of the next President of the Reich,
Yours Faithfully, Adolf Hitler"
in order to stand against the incumbent president Paul von Hindenburg
April 10: Paul von Hindenburg is elected president with 19 million votes, against Adolf Hitler's 13 million. (40.625%)
August: After 3-months of talks, the Jewish Zionist Federation of Germany signs an agreement with the Nazi government to facilitate the emigration of German Jews to British controlled Palestine on condition that German goods would be bought and that these goods, along with the immigrants, would then be shipped to Palestine.
— Hanotea (Hebrew: הנוטע), a Jewish Zionist citrus planting company, had
applied in May 1933 for the ability to transfer capital from Germany to Palestine —
with the Nazi regime
for Palestine is seen
by them as a dumping
ground for Jews in
British controlled Palestine
which could then be
to the Nazi regime.
August 19: The German people vote 38 million in favour (89.94%) of Adolf Hitler's assumption of the titles of both Führer and Reich Chancellor, after President von Hindenburg dies August 2.
Henry Ford comes over from America to help Hitler with manufacturing in Germany.
(they are buddy's because Hitler was inspired by Ford's Antisemitic newsletters before he became Chancellor).
September 15: In Nuremberg, Adolf Hitler anjnounces new decrees at a rally that which relegate Jews to untermensch (sub-human) status, losing their German citizenship, that they may not marry Aryans, are excluded from employment in the civil service, the media, entertainment and education, and loose their pension rights.
Photographer Heinrich Hoffmann publishes an oversized hard-cover of Hitler's six watercolours
embossed with the words Hitlers Aquarelle.
which Hitler had painted between autumn 1914 (Wytschaete) and summer 1917.
March 7: in contempt of the Versailles Treaty imposed after WW1, Chancellor Adolf Hitler marches his troops into the demilitarised zone east of the Rhine.
Britain appears unconcerned by the development and has made a naval pact that removes controls on Germany after WW1 which allows it to build a powerful navy.
August 5: In Berlin – German Chancellor Adolf Hitler leaves the stadium of the 11th Olympiad in a fit of pique because, in contradiction of his theory of Aryan superiority, 23-year-old black American athlete Jesse Owens wins gold in the 100 metres, 200 metres, and long jump, as the Berlin crowd cheers the black athlete.
Adolf Hitler orders the construction of the world's largest tourist resort, located on a beachfront property on the island of Rügen in the Baltic (Oostzee).The Nazis call it Prora. Capable of holding more than 20,000 residents at a single time, Prora is meant to comfort the weary German worker who toils away in a factory without respite. It is also meant to serve as the carrot to the stick of the Gestapo — a pacifying gesture to get the German people on Hitler's side as a "people's community" or volksgemeinschaft.
Hitler orders Rudolf Koppensteiner to publish a large illustrated genealogical tree showing his ancestry "Die Ahnentafel des Fuehrers" (The pedigree of the leader) which concludes that Hitler's family are all Austrian Germans with no Jewish ancestry and that Hitler has an unblemished "Aryan" pedigree.
October 13: Hitler tries without success to persuade US president Roosevelt to mediate a peace between Germany, France and Britain.
— the terror culminating in the horrific Nazi Holocaust and war-crimes beyond measure —
Hitler's personal physician Dr. Theodor Morell begins giving Hitler a daily intravenous injection of methamphetamine also known as crystal meths, until his death in 1945, as a treatment for depression and fatigue.
a consequence of Britain's RAF Bomber Command, joined in strategic bombing by the American Eighth Air Force, breaking through the Reich's air defences and destroying German cities, Hitler now allocates the resources necessary to develop 'weapons of reprisal' (as he calls them), namely —
the anti-ship glider bomb (HS293),
the acoustic torpedo (Zaunkönig),
the rocket-propelled shell (eventually becoming the A-4 projectile),
the V-2 rocket, and
the FZG-76 flying bomb.
October: in Nuremberg – while awaiting execution, Hans Frank [Hitler's attorney] confesses to a priest that, after having been asked by Adolf Hitler to investigate his ancestry [after Hitler's nephew, William Patrick Hitler (with a gambling problem), had tried to blackmail him regarding his Jewish ancestry], Frank discovered Hitler's grandmother, Maria, had worked as a servant in Graz for a wealthy Jew named Leopold Frankenberger, who had a teenage son around 19-years-old.
to Frank, the elder Frankenberger sent Maria regular child support payments until Alois was fourteen; the inference was that the payments were made because the younger Frankenberger had fathered Alois.
Frank also claimed that there was a series of letters between Maria and the elder Frankenberger, which showed that the paternity of the younger Frankenberger was assumed by the correspondents.
The letters understandably were never found.
There is absolutely no indication that Alois' mother Maria even knew Hikler/Hiedler at the time of her son's conception;
But there is evidence that she lived in a different town (Graz) from Hikler/Heidler at the time of Alois' conception; and that,
She received financial compensation for her pregnancy which, with its final settlement after the birth of Alois, was certainly the price of her silence.
makes no sense if it was a man whom she later married after the birth of Alois, but it makes every sense if in the strict social rules of that time it was a person who would not be named, such as the son and heir of her employer in Graz at the time of the boy's conception.
Much of the above information is drawn, among other, from the thorough research of Dr. Franz Jetzinger in his Hitler's Jugend, Phantasien, Lügen und die Wahrheit.
for that cover-up then, the man that history knows as Hitler may have been known to us as –
unless of course his family name may have been an embarrassment to him and to them.
For reactions to the above by the neo-Nazi and Zionist Anxiety:
Neo-Nazis and political-Zionists (as opposed to medieval/religious zionism) share a common anxiety over the idea that Adolf Hitler may have been in any way 'Jewish'. The answer to this anxiety depends on whether Jewish identity is defined as –
It is reported that according to 'Jewish law' (halacha, not Bible), all those born of a Jewish mother are Jewish, regardless of personal beliefs or level of observance of 'Jewish law'. This is certainly not true of Hitler's ethnic/genetic identity. And, to quote Eli Yishai, leader of Israel's Shas political party –
"A convert, if he converts through the Orthodox, he has the Jewish gene.
If he doesn't convert through the Orthodox, he doesn't have the Jewish gene. As simple as that."
(to the editor of The Jerusalem Post, David Horovitz, August 8, 2010).
conveys a 'gene'?
A rather racist
approach to religion!
Though, Eli Yishai, I'm not sure how a conversion through anyone supplies a gene!
But of course to Kairite Jews, who believe in the Bible-view of patrilineal descent, Hitler would have been a full Jew.
the light of the above-listed aspects of Hitler's genetic history, he would most probably have been carrying a Jewish Y-chromosome from the Frankenberger family, but none of the other usual Jewish identifying factors would have applied to him.
Hitler's father Alois may be regarded as a "Gershomi" (as Moses' children), but this does not apply to his son Adolf. If the above information had become known, Adolf Hitler could have been classified under Germany's 1935 Nuremberg Laws as a Mischling (cross-breed) of the second degree and so only permitted to marry a true German.
UK TV Channel 4
made a documentary
of the DNA evidences
titled 'Dead Famous DNA'.
So the worst that a neo-Nazi or a modern Zionist may have to fear is that Hitler was one-quarter Jewish.
Jewish DNA of
('Historian' David Irving's
hair clippings of 'Eva'
sold to TV Channel 4
were proven to be fake)
taken from a monogrammed hair brush found (by US 7th Army Captain Paul Baer in 1945) in (Catholic) Eva Braun's apartment in Adolf Hitler's Berghof where she lived with him, when tested by forensic scientists in the UK indicate an Ashkenazi Jewish identity in its DNA mitochondrial structure (haplogroup N1b1).
She only became Hitler's wife legally (age 33) forty hours before their joint suicide.
Hitler had previously had Martin Bormann (his private secretary) investigate Eva to ensure her Aryan purity and had found nothing Jewish, but still did not register his marriage to her in case it might affect his political reputation.
Hitler was however
a little more Jewish than Russia's cruel communist dictator Vladimir Lenin whose maternal great-grandfather was a shtetl (small-town) Jew named Moshko Blank who converted to Russian Orthodoxy in 1844.
(This Lenin info is according to Ruth Wisse: Martin Peretz Professor of Yiddish Literature and Professor of Comparative Literature at Harvard University,
and Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern: associate professor of history and director of the Crown Family Center for Jewish Studies at Northwestern University.
historian has unearthed the Nazi leaderís long-lost medical records, which seem to confirm the urban legend that he only had one testicle.
The records, taken during a medical exam following Hitlerís arrest over the failed Beer hall putsch in 1923, show that he suffered from "right-side cryptorchidism", or an undescended right testicle. Notes written by Dr Josef Steiner Brin, the medical officer at Landsberg prison, state "Adolf Hitler, artist, recently writer" was otherwise "healthy and strong".
thought to have been lost, the records of this medical examination surfaced at an auction in Bavaria in 2010 before swiftly being confiscated by the Bavarian government. They have only recently been properly studied by
Professor Peter Fleischmann of Erlangen-Nuremberg University.
The medical records also contradict Hitlerís childhood doctor, who told American interrogators in 1943 that the future FŁhrerís genitals were "completely normal".
German reporter Gerd Heinemann stunned the world by claiming that he had unearthed Adolf Hitler's diaries. Stern magazine published them after paying millions to Heinemann and running the document through several handwriting experts from Germany, France and the USA to confirm its authenticity. Soon, a West German newspaper Bundesarchiv revealed that modern stationery had been used to create the forgeries, while further handwriting tests proved definitively that it was not Hitler's writing.
Timothy W Ryback, after intensive research, publishes his book Hitler's Private Library (ISBN 9780099532170)
with a detailed analysis of Hitler's pencilled notes left in the margins of the books he read.
The Austrian government takes control of Hitler's birthplace (20 April, 1889), the Braunau on the river Inn, to prevent it becoming a Neo-Nazi a "cult site".
January 3: The first reprint of Adolf Hitlerís ďMein KampfĒ in Germany since World War II proves a surprise bestseller, heading for its sixth print run. The two-volume work had figured on the non-fiction bestseller list in weekly magazine Der Spiegel over much of the last year, and even topped the list for two weeks in April 2016.
The book set out two ideas that he put into practice as Germanyís leader going into World War II –
(1) annexing neighboring countries to gain Lebensraum, or "living space," for Germans, and
(2) his hatred of Jews, which led to the Holocaust.
Some 12.4 million copies were published in Germany, and
from 1936 the Nazi state gave a copy to all newlyweds as a wedding gift.