The rumours of Adolf Hitler's Jewish ancestry (Frankenberger of Graz in Austria) centre on the paternity of his father, Alois Hitler; specifically Hitler's grandfather.
that Hitler's paternal grandfather was Jewish first appeared in Paris before the Second World War.
Hitler's nephew William* had tried to borrow money from him to finance his gambling habit and had been rejected. In revenge he broke the family origin story to the French media.
*British son of Hitler's half-brother Alois: William Patrick Hitler (1911-1987) who lived in Germany from 20 October 1933 to late 1937, and from March 1938 to 1 February 1939.
On March 6, 1944, he was inducted into the US Navy.
Understandably, after WW2 William changed his last name to Stuart-Houston.
the story was now in the public domain, Hitler's SS instituted an investigation of these rumours and declared them to be false and without any foundation whatsoever (as was really to be expected at that time).
the war, some historians have investigated and found no direct evidence in Austria to support the story (in particular, historian and neo-Nazi David J. Irving). But, perhaps this also was to be expected after the SS had completed their 'investigation' (elimination) of evidences.
Among the more recent arguments against has been the theory that no Jews were allowed to live in the town of Graz at this time and that therefore the grandfather-Frankenberger story could not be true.
This Jew-free Graz story is patently not true.
from the freedom extended to all Jews by Austrian Emperor Joseph II's Edict of Toleration (January 1782), in the town of Graz itself its own University appointed a Jew to their academic staff in 1903 (Otto Loewi, 1873–1961; in 1905 he was also awarded Austrian citizenship).
Jew-free-Graz theory rebutted!
addition, one should also remember that, even before the Emperor's 1782 Edict, it was often in the interest of leaders not to apply anti-Semitic restrictions to more affluent Jews, and evidence indicates that the Leopold Frankenberger affluence would have applied here.
the circumstantial evidences still remain, and no more probable explanation has yet been forthcoming to explain the true paternity of Hitler's father and its actual circumstance, even though many still try to discredit the idea for their own personal reasons.
In Graz, the sewing-maid of the Frankenberger family, Maria Schickelgruber, falls pregnant and is sent back to her village of Strones near Dollersheim.
Maria receives regular financial support during her pregnancy.
June 7, Alois (Adolf Hitler's future father) is born illegitimately of the 42-year-old Maria Schickelgruber, most probably from the 19-year-old heir of the Jewish Frankenberger family of Graz.
Alois' entry in the parish baptismal register leaves the name of his father blank.
Alois and his mother were initially given accommodation by an hospitable neighbour (Maria's father at first refusing to take his erring daughter in), and then later in Alois' maternal grandfather's home.
When Alois is five-years-old, Maria Schickelgruber (47) marries a widower from the 20-kilometres-distant village of Spital, the fifty-year-old unemployed miller Johann Georg Hiedler ['Hikler'].
Alois' mother, Maria Schickelgruber-Hiedler dies at age 52.
Alois is taken into the home of his foster-father's younger brother, Johann Nepomuk Hiedler, a successful farmer who had raised his own son.
Alois is sent to Vienna at age thirteen to be apprenticed to a shoemaker.
Alois' foster-father Johann Georg Hiedler dies
After having advanced his education by his own efforts, Alois joins the border police of the Austrian Customs Service in his nineteenth year.
Alois is taken into the Customs Service itself after having reached the highest rank possible in the police open to one of his limited education.
Alois 'Hikler' [Huetler/Hiedler] has an illegitimate son.
Alois Huetler/Hiedler/Hikler's baptismal-record at Dollersheim, Austria, is now amended by the parish priest, at the request of the 77-year-old Nepomuk Hiedler, younger brother of the now-deceased JG 'Hikler' [Hiedler], supported by the 'testimony' of his three illiterate associates (two of whom were related to Nepomuk) to the effect that Alois' deceased foster-father, Johann Georg 'Hikler'/Hiedler, had really been his biological father.
This is done to secure a career advantage for Alois in the Austrian civil service.
The reason for this alteration is noted in the parish register in the column headed 'remarks'. The change is questionable as there should have been four witnesses, and all three had been youths at the time of Maria's death, whom they swore had earlier identified Johann Georg as Alois' father. The priest himself had only arrived in Dollersheim after the alleged father's death and simply accepted the word of his respected parishioner Nepomuk.
Alois 'Hikler' [Hiedler] separates from his wife (moneyed and 14-years older than he) and takes the barmaid of the Gasthaus on the ground floor under his apartment/flat as his mistress.
Alois' first wife dies and he marries his mistress, who had already born him one child and bears another before dying of tuberculosis two years later.
Later, Alois changes his surname to Hitler.
Alois marries Klara Pölzl (seventh-child of Nepomuk Hiedler's daughter Johanna, whose married name was Pölzl). Klara had worked for Alois as serving-maid before his separation from his first wife but was sent away probably by his mistress in 1883.
Alois has six children by Klara (the first being born five months after the marriage, but only two survive their early years, namely – Adolf and Paula).
Saturday, April 20: In Brannau on the river Inn, Adolf is born, the fourth child of Klara.
Alois, age fifty-five, is appointed to the highest rank open to him as Zolleberamtsoffiziell at the Austrian Customs House in Passau, on the Bavarian side of the river Inn.
Alois is pensioned off after an official medical examination.
On his retirement, Alois buys a seven-acre homestead in Fischlhalm, near Lambach, on the river Traun, south of Linz, paying 80% in cash (8,000 crowns) compared to his annual salary of 2,600 crowns.
Alois' family homestead proves too expensive to run so he sells it and moves, first to lodgings in Lambach, and then he buys a small house and garden in Leonding near Linz for 7,700 crowns.
Adolf Hitler, age eleven, graduates to the Realschule in Linz. He is forced to repeat his first year due to his low marks, his worst subjects being mathematics and German.
He does a further year at the Realschule at Steyr near Linz. His teachers regard him as talented but lazy. His only first is in Turnen (Physical Training).
Alois dies of a stroke at Leonding near Linz, when Adolf is thirteen-years-old. Widow Klara, Adolf's indulgent mother, receives a generous pension as well as an educational allowance for her two children. Alois' obituary is published in the Linzer Tagespost and gives a very different picture of him from Hitler's Mein Kampf.
April, Adolf Hitler age 18 now inherits his share of his father's estate of about 700 crowns, and moves to Vienna where he fails the entrance exam of the Academy of Art.
December, Adolf's indulgent mother Klara dies after being operated on for breast cancer earlier in the year.
Under Austrian law, Klara's surviving children, Adolf and Paula, are each entitled to half of his mother's pension of about 50 crowns a month for educational purposes while still under age.
Having wasted his inheritance and educational allowance, Adolf Hitler now lodges in the Men's Home for the homeless in the 20th Bezirk of Vienna, where he remains, while avoiding his Austrian military obligations. He appeals for aid from his mother's sister Johanna (who had taken his sister Paula into her home after his mother's death).
During this time his anti-Semitism grows from cheap anti-Semitic pamphlets in general circulation in Vienna.
March, Adolf's aunt Johanna dies and so Adolf's step-sister Angela (widowed in 1910 with three of her own children to support) takes his sister Paula into her own home.
Adolf Hitler is now obliged to agree with a municipal trustee's decision that Adolf's whole orphan pension of 50 crowns a month now go to his younger sister Paula after it becomes known that he had received "substantial sums" from his aunt Johanna.
In May, Adolf moves to Munich, rendering himself liable to a year's imprisonment and a fine of 2,000 crowns for leaving the country without having registered for military service.
January 10, the Austrian authorities have traced Adolf to Munich and his address is known.
Adolf is eventual forced to travel to Salzberg in Austria for registration, where he is medically examined and declared physically unfit for service.
After August, Adolf enlists in the German army, eventually joining the 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment.
In Munich Germany, Adolf Hitler makes final application to be deprived of his Austrian citizenship to avoid the possibility of his deportation to Austria by the German police.
World War II
— after the terror culminating in the Nazi Holocaust and war-crimes beyond measure —
October, in Nuremberg – while awaiting execution, Hans Frank [Hitler's attorney] confesses to a priest that, after having been asked by Adolf Hitler to investigate his ancestry [after Hitler's nephew, William Patrick Hitler, had tried to blackmail him in that regard], he discovered Hitler's grandmother, Maria, had worked as a servant in Graz for a wealthy Jew named Leopold Frankenberger, who had a teenage son around 19-years-old.
According to Frank, the elder Frankenberger sent Maria regular child support payments until Alois was fourteen; the inference was that the payments were made because the younger Frankenberger had fathered Alois.
Frank also claimed that there was a series of letters between Maria and the elder Frankenberger, which showed that the paternity of the younger Frankenberger was assumed by the correspondents. The letters understandably were never found.
There is absolutely no indication that Alois' mother Maria even knew Hikler/Hiedler at the time of her son's conception;
But there is evidence that she lived in a different town (Graz) from Hikler/Heidler at the time of Alois' conception; and that,
She received financial compensation for her pregnancy which, with its final settlement after the birth of Alois, was certainly the price of her silence.
makes no sense if it was a man whom she later married after the birth of Alois, but it makes every sense if in the strict social rules of that time it was a person who would not be named, such as the son and heir of her employer in Graz at the time of the boy's conception.
Much of the above information is drawn, among other, from the thorough research of Dr. Franz Jetzinger in his Hitler's Jugend, Phantasien, Lügen und die Wahrheit.
for that cover-up then, the man that history knows as Hitler may have been known to us as Adolf Frankenberger,
unless of course his family name may have been an embarrassment to him and to them.
So – •
For the neo-Nazi and Zionist Anxiety:
neo-Nazis and political-Zionists (as opposed to medieval/religious) share a common anxiety over the idea that Adolf Hitler may have been in any way Jewish. The answer to this anxiety depends on whether Jewish identity is defined as –
It is reported that according to 'Jewish law' (halacha, not Bible), all those born of a Jewish mother are Jewish, regardless of personal beliefs or level of observance of 'Jewish law'. This is certainly not true of Hitler's ethnic/genetic identity. And, to quote Eli Yishai, leader of Israel's Shas political party –
"A convert, if he converts through the Orthodox, he has the Jewish gene. If he doesn't convert through the Orthodox, he doesn't have the Jewish gene. As simple as that." (to the editor of The Jerusalem Post, David Horovitz, August 8, 2010).
Though Eli Yishai, I'm not sure how a conversion through anyone supplies a gene!
of course to Kairite Jews, who believe in the Bible-view of patrilineal descent, Hitler would have been a full Jew.
In the light of the above-listed aspects of Hitler's genetic history, he would most probably have been carrying a Jewish Y-chromosome from the Frankenberger family, but none of the other usual Jewish identifying factors would have applied to him.
Hitler's father Alois may be regarded as a "Gershomi" (as Moses' children), but this does not apply to his son Adolf. If the above information had become known, Adolf Hitler could have been classified under Germany's 1935 Nuremberg Laws as a Mischling (crossbreed) of the second degree and so only permitted to marry a true German.
worst that a neo-Nazi or a modern Zionist may have to fear is that Hitler was one-quarter Jewish.
Hitler was however
a little more Jewish than Russia's cruel communist dictator Vladimir Lenin whose maternal great-grandfather was a shtetl (small-town) Jew named Moshko Blank who converted to Russian Orthodoxy in 1844.
(Lenin info according to Ruth Wisse: Martin Peretz Professor of Yiddish Literature and Professor of Comparative Literature at Harvard University, and Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern: associate professor of history and director of the Crown Family Center for Jewish Studies at Northwestern University.