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Vladimir  Vladimirovich (Volodya/Володя) Putin
Влади́мир   Влади́мирович   Пу́тин
G E N E S I S – 9:6 – г е н е з и с
"кто прольет кровь человеческую, того кровь прольется рукою человека: ибо человек создан по образу Божию;"
"кто прольет кровь человеческую, того кровь прольется рукою человека: ибо человек создан по образу Божию"
"De va vãrsa cineva sânge omenesc, sângele aceluia de mânã de om se va vãrsa, cãci Dumnezeu a fãcut omul dupã chipul Sãu."
The story that Putin died and has been replaced
by a double/lookalike
is conspiracy gossip
and completely without
any substance whatsoever!
His ambition is to restore the powerful influence which Russia had in the days of the Soviet Union, and he continues
to hinder Christian evangelism in the Russian Federation – especially Eastern Siberia.
Born Leningrad, Tuesday 7 October 1952, married Lyudmila Ocheretnaya (divorced 2013), fathered two daughters: Maria Vladimirovna (born 1985); and Yekaterina/Katja (born 1986)
Putin has a black belt in judo, enjoys running, does not smoke, and does not drink alcohol, or at least drinks so rarely that it appears that way.
1985 to 1990 Major Vladimir Putin is a KGB agent operating in Dresden, East Germany. Recruitment of agents is a central focus of Putin's work in the small KGB branch office.
Russian president Vladimir Putin, 65, has tried to keep his personal life almost entirely out of the spotlight.
From his first marriage of 30 years to reports of a girlfriend, Putin and his administration have fought hard to prevent the media and the world from knowing much about him -
aside from the carefully curated macho man on horseback, lifting weights and posing in shirtless photos.
He has specifically made a concerted effort to shield his children from any spotlight, prompting many to even question whether he has any kids at all.
Rumours have swirled for years that Putin has two daughters with his ex-wife, and that his reported girlfriend may have had another daughter in 2015.

Mr. PutinWe Are
Watching You!

Г-н Путин,
мы наблюдаем за вами

Mr. PutinWe Are
Watching You!

Г-н Путин,
мы наблюдаем за вами
In 1989,
he is awarded the bronze medal For Faithful Service to the National People’s Army in the German Democratic Republic.
Sadly, during this time, according some East German Stasi reports, he develops a reputation as a wife-beater
and here he first begins his corrupt relationship to the Russian Mafia.
Stasi records
He is assistant to the rector of Leningrad/St Petersburg State University in charge of international relations, and from 1994, he concurrently holds the position of Deputy Chairman of the St Petersburg City Government.
After starting his work there, Putin resigns from the KGB
Putin becomes head of the Committee for Foreign Affairs in the St. Petersburg Mayor’s Office.
February 28: Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko informs Boris Berezovsky of the KGB/FSB plot to assassinate him.
(See March 1999 below).
The two whom Putin eventually
has assassinated
in the UK
Russian President Boris Yeltsin names Vladimir Putin as head of the KGB (now called the FSB), replacing Kovalyev.
Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko naïvely informs Vladimir Putin of the KGB/FSB plot to assassinate Boris Berezovsky.
November 20: Duma/Parliamentary Deputy Galina Starovoitova (Гали́на Васи́льевна Старово́йтова) the most prominent pro-democracy Kremlin critic in Russia, is shot dead answering her doorbell at her apartment building in St. Petersburg.
The two hit-men are sentenced but those who contracted them are never exposed.
Four months after this, Putin helps silence the Russian Attorney General, Yury Skuratov, who is investigating high-level corruption in the Kremlin, by airing an illicit sex video on national TV involving Skuratov.
Four months after the dust settles in the Skuratov affair, Putin is named Prime Minister.
March 25:Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko is charged with exceeding his authority as a KGB/FSB officer and detained in Lefortovo Prison for eight months.

Patrushev and Putin
August: Putin becomes Prime Minister (to 2000), and so Patrushev replaces him as head of Russia's KGB/FSB.
Putin's connection
is to the Russian
Tambov Mafia clan
which facilitates
his operations
See 'Russian Mafia'.
 September: In the Pechatniki and Kashirskoye neighbourhoods of Moscow, apartment buildings are blown up by Putin's arrangement, killing more than 300 people and leaving more than 1,900 injured, and the blame is then put on the Chechnyan Mafia (Чеченская мафия) to rally Russian public opinion in support of Putin's plan to invade that country.
 October 1: Putin declares Chechen president Aslan Maskhadov and his parliament illegitimate, and Russian forces invade their country (Нохчийн Республика).
November 26:Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko is acquitted in his trial, but is immediately rearrested in the courtroom and charged with 'manhandling' suspects and 'stealing' goods.
Early in the year: Alexander Litvinenko is released from prison and charges against him are dropped.
March: Vladimir Putin is elected President of Russia in a massive landslide victory (he wins nearly twice as many votes as his nearest competitor). Shortly thereafter, 'all hell breaks loose' in Chechnya –
Russia will ultimately be convicted of human rights violations before the European Court for Human Rights
and condemned for its abuses of the civilian population by virtually every human rights organization.
Col. Igor Girkin
Spring: A third set of charges are brought against Litvinenko and a closed trial is set to take place in Yaroslavl.
He is warned not to leave town, and his passport is taken from him pending his trial.
13: Putin introduces seven federal districts for administrative purposes.
London, UK, Boris Berezovsky is grant political asylum and begins using his personal wealth to become a vocal critic of President Putin and to fund others to do likewise (source: Professor Service).
November 1: Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko arrives at Heathrow airport London, on a connecting flight from Istanbul, bound for Tiblisi, but appeals for asylum in London.
Litvinenko moves into a flat/apartment in Kensington, London, paid for by Boris Berezovsky.
May: Litvinenko and his wife are granted asylum and indefinite leave to remain in the UK. They charge their surname to Carter.
Litvinenko and his wife move into 140 Osler Crescent, Muswell Hill, London.
    Unfortunately, the International Criminal Court (ICC, founded by the 1998 Rome Statute) may only investigate crimes committed after July 1, 2002.
See: Complaint Procedure
 April 17: Sergei Yushenkov, co-chairman of the Liberal Russia political party, is gunned down at the entrance of his Moscow apartment block. Yushenkov had been serving as the vice-chair of the group known as the “Kovalev Commission” which was formed to informally investigate charges that Putin’s KGB/FSB had planted the Pechatniki and Kashirskoye apartment bombs, to whip up support for the Putin’s war in Chechnya, after the formal legislative-investigation had been made impossible.
 July 3: Yuri Shchekochikhin, vocal opposition journalist and member of the Russian Duma and the Kovalev Commission (investigating KGB placement of explosives under the apartment buildings in September 1999), dies of thallium poisoning.
 October 22: Mikhail Trepashkin, attorney for the Kovalev Commission is sent to prison for four years on allegations of illegal possession a firearm (which he claims was planted in his vehicle).
 October 25: Khodorkovsky (of Yukos), a presidential election competitor to Putin, is arrested and sent to Siberia on a charge of 'tax fraud'.
March: Vladimir Putin is re-elected President of Russia.
 An arson attack on Litvinenko's home at 140 Osler Crescent, Muswell Hill, London.
Litvinenko now begins consultancy work for Britain's intelligence services. "Martin" is his MI6 handler.
 June: Professor Nikolai Girenko, a prominent human rights defender, is shot dead in his home in St Petersburg.
 July 9: Paul Klebnikov, editor of the Russian edition Forbes magazine, is shot dead in Moscow. Forbes reports that at the time of his death, that Paul was believed to have been investigating a complex web of money laundering involving a Chechen reconstruction fund, reaching into the centres of power in the Kremlin and involving elements of organized crime (Russian Mafia) and the FSB (formerly KGB).
See: April 2016.
Early in the year, Litvinenko begins to work with the Spanish intelligence services, advising concerning the activities of the Russian Mafia/Bratva in Spain.
Bill Browder had lived and worked in Russia for more than a decade,
but in 2005, he is deported and his international investment fund, Hermitage Capital, is expropriated by corrupt government officials.
(In November 2009, his tax lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, whom Browder had hired to investigate the case, is beaten to death under torture in jail).
Putin earns $133,000 a year and has a modest apartment in Moscow. But independent estimates of Putin’s worth go into the billions of dollars, with Bill Browder, a critic of the president and who is a former hedge fund manager in Russia, estimating Putin’s worth at $200 billion.
In Balashika, Russia – at the Vityaz special forces training centre, targets featuring Alexander Litvinenko's face are used for target practice. (source: INQ017680 video). Litvinenko had been a member of the Vityaz force before he joined the FSB.
travels to Spain several times, where he gives advice to Spanish intelligence on the activities of the Russian mafia who had established a base in Spain.
 September: Andrei Kozlov, First Deputy Chairman of Russia’s Central Bank, striving to stamp out money laundering (acting on analyses provided by reporter Paul Klebnikov), the highest-ranking reformer in Russia, is shot and killed in Moscow.
 October 7: Anna Politkovskaya (48), author of books and articles exposing Russian human rights violations in Chechnya and criticizing Vladimir Putin as a dictator, is shot dead at her home in Moscow.

"State Sponsored
Polonium 210 is produced
by a nuclear reactor
and is therefore
not available privately
but only from a state
with nuclear reactors,
(such as Russia's Mayak
and Avangard facilities).
See: para 9.106 of the
UK Judicial Inquiry.
The UK orders an
asset freeze on
Lugovoy and Kovtun
on 22 January 2016.
(English spelling of Lugovoy)
13: Alexander Litvinenko and his wife Marina are granted British citizenship.
16: Andrei Lugovoi and Dmitry Kovtun meet Litvinenko at an office in Mayfair, London, and spray polonium-210 in his teacup - but he fails to drink it.
18: Lugovoi and Kovtun fly back to Moscow.  
25 October: Lugovoi returns to London with polonium-210 on a BA fight. He flies back to Moscow three days later.
31: Lugovoi returns to London with family and friends. Kovtun joins him the next day via Hamburg, Germany.
 November 1: Lugovoi and Kovtun meet Litvinenko at the Millenium hotel in Mayfair, London, where they spray polonium-210 into a pot of green tea. litvinenko drinks from it, returns home, and then falls ill.
 November 3: Litvinenko is admitted to hospital in London.
 November 20: Scotland Yard's anti-terror unit begins investigating as Litvinenko loss of hair and weight is indicative of radiation poisoning.
 November 23: Alexander Litvinenko, dies of polonium-210 poisoning. He was a KGB defector and author of the book Blowing up Russia, which accused the Kremlin of masterminding the Kashirskoye and Pechatniki apartment bombings in Moscow in order to blame Chechen terrorists and so whip up public support for a Russian military invasion of Chechnya. He was fatally poisoned in London by radioactive Polonium 210 obtained from Russian sources. In the months before his death, Litvinenko had been involved in a report that alleged links between an associate of Mr Putin, Viktor Ivanov, then a deputy head of the Kremlin administration, and Russian Mafia group Tambov-Malyshev (of which Putin is their godfather).
On his death bed, after drinking tea laced with deadly polonium-210 in Mayfair’s Millennium hotel,
he openly accuses Putin of ordering two agents (Andrey Konstantinovich Lugovoi and Dmitri Vadimovich Kovtun) to poison him with the radioactive isotope
(copying the method Israel's Mossad used* to assassinate Yasser Arafat in November 2004).
Putin's KGB / FSB Agents:    used in Litvinenko's assassination
Andrei Konstantinovich Lugovoi    Dmitri Vadimovich Kovtun (using Global Project Ltd as a cover)
Passport no. 0608109         Passport no. 9632078
Home adresses: Soloviniya Proezcl, 16-1-247, Moscow, Russia, 117593     Apartment no. 150, Golubinskay Street, Moscow, Russia, 117463
British authorities state that they believe Litvinenko perished in a "state-sponsored" assassination.
Once back in Germany, after the fatal dose had been administered, Kovtun falls ill and tells his ex-wife’s mother he had
"probably got some of the poison which killed Litvinenko". His exact words were: "Those arseholes have probably poisoned us all."
a man with
a conscience
assassinated by
Putin's FSB agents!

UK Guardian
report on
Bill Browder
Putin's murder
of Litvinenko
Evidence sequence in the poisoning of Litvinenko
how doctors found out!
Litvinenko Inquiry
had been Litvinenko's ultimate boss when they were both in the KGB/FSB in the 1990s, but they fell out over corruption within the service, and in 1998, Mr Litvinenko was arrested on charges of abusing his office after exposing a plot to assassinate Russian oligarch Boris Berezovsky (see 2010).
Litvinenko had fled to the UK in 2000, claiming persecution. He was granted asylum and later gained British citizenship.
*Verified from chemical analysis of urine stain in his underwear by a Swiss company.
The 139 Signatories and 124 States Parties to the 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC):
Allthough Russia, America, and China are members of the UN Security Council, which has authority to refer cases to the ICC, they themselves
Afghanistan May 2003   Congo August 2004   Guyana   Mongolia   Solomon Islands  
Albania May 2003   Cook Islands October 2008   Haiti   Montenegro   South Africa  
Andorra July 2002   Costa Rica July 2002   Honduras   Morocco   Spain  
Antigua and Barbuda July 2002   Côte d'Ivoire May 2013   Hungary   Mozambique   St. Kitts and Nevis  
Argentina July 2002   Croatia July 2002   Iceland   Namibia   St. Lucia  
Australia September 2002   Cyprus July 2002   Iran (Islamic Republic of)   Nauru   St. Vincent and the Grenadines  
Austria July 2002   Czech Republic October 2009   Ireland   Netherlands   State of Palestine  
Bahamas     Democratic Republic of the Congo  July 2002    Israel   New Zealand   Sudan  
Bahrain     Denmark July 2002   Italy   Niger   Suriname  
Bangladesh June 2010   Djibouti February 2003   Jamaica   Nigeria   Sweden  
Barbados September 2002   Dominica July 2002   Japan   Norway   Switzerland  
Belgium July 2002   Dominican Republic August 2012   Jordon   Oman   Syrian Arab Republic  
Belize July 2002   Ecuador July 2002   Kenya   Panama   Tajikistan  
Benin July 2002   Egypt     Kuwait   Paraguay   Thailand  
Bolivia September 2002   El Salvador     Kyrgyzstan   Peru   The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia  
Bosnia and Herzegovina July 2002    Eritrea     Latvia   Philippines   Timor-Leste  
Botswana July 2002   Estonia     Lesotho   Poland   Trinidad and Tobago  
Brazil September 2002   Fiji July 2002   Liberia   Portugal   Tunisia  
Bulgaria July 2002   Finland     Liechtenstein   Republic of Korea   Uganda  
Burkina Faso July 2004   France     Lithuania   Romania   Ukraine  
Burundi December 2004   Gabon     Luxembourg  
Russian Federation
13 September 2000
  United Arab Emirates  
Cabo Verde January 2012   Gambia     Madagascar   Samoa   United Kingdom and Northern Ireland July 2002
Cambodia July 2002   Georgia     Malawi   San Marino   United Republic of Tanzania  
Cameroon     Germany     Maldives   Sao Tome and Principe    United States of America  
Canada July 2002   Ghana     Mali   Senegal   Uruguay  
Central African Republic  July 2002   Greece     Malta   Serbia   Uzbekistan  
Chad January 2004   Grenada     Marshall Islands   Seychelles   Vanuatu  
Chile September 2009   Guatemala     Mauritius   Sierra Leone   Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)  
Colombia November 2002   Guinea     Mexico   Slovakia   Yemen  
Comoros November 2006   Guinea-Bissau     Monaco   Slovenia   Zambia  
"A fundamental feature of the Rome Statute (Articles 12 and 13) is that the Court may only exercise jurisdiction over international crimes if
(i) its jurisdiction has been accepted by the State on the territory of which the crime was committed
[the UK, Yes, that applies here],
(ii) its jurisdiction has been accepted by the State of which the person accused is a national [Yes, that applies here],
or (iii) the situation is referred to the Prosecutor by the Security Council acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter."
(as stated by M.P. Dillon Head of the Information & Evidence Unit, Office of the ICC Prosecutor)
The ICC Prosecutor's less than honest attempt to 'wiggle out' of prosecuting Vladimir Putin.
March: In the UK – Boris Berezovsky makes a sworn statement to London's Metropolitan Police Service –
"And of course he [Litvinenko] was always worried of the security especially after, in July 2006,
Putin signs a law which allowsd Russian special services without any investigation or court hearing,
to kill people who Russian authorities considered to be enemies of the Russian state.
...Moreover, he said that most probably they would try to poison us.
Today this sounds amazing but unfortunately this proved to be true, true prediction"
(source: Berezovsky 25/26 lines 9-20, verbatim quote, emphasis mine).
May 22: Britain calls for the extradition of Lugovoi to charge him with murder. In July, Russia officially refuses.
Putin begins his second term as Prime Minister (to 2012).
 January 19: Russian human rights attorney Stanslav Markelov is shot in the back of the head with a silenced pistol as he leaves a press conference at which he announced his intention to sue the Russian government for its early release of the Col. Yuri Budanov, who murdered his 18-year-old client in Chechnya five years earlier. Also shot and killed is Anastasia Barburova, a young journalism student who was working for Novaya Gazeta and who had studied under Anna Politkovskaya, reporting on the Budanov proceedings.
 July 15: Natalia Estemirova (51, Ната́лья Хусаи́новна Эстеми́рова), an award-winning Russian human rights activist and board member of the Russian human rights organization Memorial, is abducted from her home in Grozny, Chechnya, and shot dead in a woodland 100m away from the federal road Kavkaz near the village of Gazi-Yurt, Ingushetia. She had been investigating hundreds of cases of alleged kidnappings, torture and extrajudicial killings by Russian government troops or paramilitaries in Chechnya.
The European Union
2014 Response.
 November: Tax-lawyer Sergei Magnitsky is tortured to death in the dungeons of the Lubyanka/Лубя́нка, Moscow, for exposing serious high-level corruption among government officials.
January 19: The 8th North Caucasian Federal District is split from Southern Federal District.(Putin prepares Crimea annexation)
Death threat, see 2013
Using the crest of
Professional Football Club,
Central Sport Club of the Army,
Moscow, with a radiation symbol
in the place of a football.

Putin victim
Andrei Lugovoi sends a black T-shirt, via an associate in Moscow, as a "gift" to Boris Berezovsky with the words –
on its back, the words "CSKA Moscow Nuclear Death Is Knocking Your Door". (click each to view).
May 7: Vladimir Putin commences his second term as President (annual salary: 3.6 million roubles).
10: In London, UK – Alexander Yurevich Perepilichny (44) (Александр Юрьевич Перепиличный) is found dead after going for a jog near his home in Weybridge. He had sought refuge in Britain in 2009. Cause of death (suspected poisoning with gelsemium elegans) has never been finalised but it is alleged he ate a bowl of poisoned soup. It is alleged that in 2010 Perepilichny handed over documents to Swiss prosecutors detailing the involvement of senior Russian officials in the fraud of $220 million from the Russian Treasury through Hermitage Capital Management. The case had developed worldwide media coverage through the death of lawyer Sergei Magnitsky. However the Swiss prosecutors have not pursued this case after examining the documents.
 March: Boris Berezovsky (a friend of Litvinenko), allegedly 'suicide' death, apparently choked to death by hanging,
but the UK Coroner found that the choke-marks on his neck were inconsistent with a hanging.
Putin victim
Bill Browder
later states in March 2015: "I completely agree with the idea that Putin’s Russia is a Mafia State. With regards to Berezovsky, it looks very suspicious that a major Putin critic somehow supposedly commits suicide and a very unusual suicide, without a note. All the questions that came up at the inquest, which was inconclusive, raise further doubts about whether he was killed or he killed himself."
three Russian political operatives flew from Moscow to New York. Over the next few days, the men tour Manhattan, take side trips to Washington and Detroit, drink vodka at a Brighton Beach restaurant, and have a guitar singalong with Russian emigres. It is a whirlwind, but they had no time to waste. Their boss was Yevgeny Prigozhin. A lieutenant of President Vladimir Putin (known as Putin's Cook), he ordered up a film depicting an impoverished and crime-ridden America. "We went to meet Russians who live in New York and find out what makes life painful there," said Oleg Matveychev, a member of the group. Prigozhin and three of his companies are named in the indictment announced February 2018 in Washington by Special Counsel Robert Mueller. The prosecutors said he is one of 13 Russian citizens who defrauded the U.S. government in a multimillion-dollar conspiracy aimed at criticizing Hillary Clinton and supporting Donald Trump and Senator Bernie Sanders.
orders that the already deceased Sergei Magnitsky (beaten to death by eight Russian police officers) be put on trial.
March 21: The new 9th Crimean Federal District is formed after accession of Crimea and Sevastopol to the Russian Federation.
A law is
passed after the annexation of Crimea which bans the use of the internet to 'undermine Russia's territorial integrity'. Among those convicted under this new law is Rafis Kashapov, a 57-year-old activist from Tatarstan, sentenced in September 2015 to three years in prison for social media posts that had questioned the legality of Russia's annexation of Crimea and highlighted human rights abuses against Crimean Tatars.
Freedom of Speech
July: In London, a public inquiry into Litvinenko's death opens in Britain.
Putin signs this limitation of free speech into law, Russia’s criminal code now includes Article 212.1, which allows repeat offenders of 'regulations on protest' to be jailed for up to five years. Amnesty International has labelled the law "draconian", while
Human Rights Watch has said it is an attempt to "criminalize public criticism."
In August:
Putin tells European Commission President José Manuel Barroso,
"If I want to, I can take Kiev (capital of Ukraine) in two weeks."
United States and European Union impose economic sanctions over Russia's actions in Ukraine in 2014
and by 2017 there has been little sign of a lifting of trade restrictions.
Vladimir Putin orders a passenger aircraft, which is reported to be 'carrying a bomb' and targeting the opening of the Winter Olympic Games in Sochi, to be downed. In a two-hour documentary titled "Putin" and available on Russian social media, Mr Putin said he sought advice from security officers and was told the emergency plan for that type of situation called for the plane to be shot down (regardless of its passengers).
"We don’t rely on American banks. We have all the funding we need out of Russia." Donald Trump JR.
 February 27: Putin critic Boris Nemtsov (55) is shot dead outside the Kremlin. He had been preparing for an anti-Kremlin march scheduled for this Sunday 29. Nemtsov had been compiling a file of evidence about allegations that Russia’s troops are backing separatist forces in Ukraine’s eastern Donetsk and Luhansk regions (Donbas), which he intended to publish in March.
Law and Order in Russia
Putin awards Lugovoi (a member of Russia's parliament/duma since 10 December 2007) a medal for "services to the fatherland".
For the killing of Litvinenko.
April: Woven deeply into the Putin system is Bank Rossiya, now handling Russia's wholesale electricity market (worth c.2% of Russia's GDP), and. Founded as the tiniest of banks in the twilight of the Soviet era, Bank Rossiya, through staggering, stealthy expansion backed by the largess of the state, now has nearly $11 billion in assets. State corporations, local governments and even the Black Sea Fleet in Crimea suddenly shift their accounts to Bank Rossiya. It controls a vast financial empire with tentacles across the economy, including a large stake in the country’s most powerful private media conglomerate, a key instrument of the Kremlin’s power to shape public opinion.
In September 2000
Russia signed the
ICC Rome Statute
that founded the ICC
but has not ratified it, but
this did not hinder the ICC
from initiating an investigation concerning the conflict with Georgia, so no less
it should be with the
ICC Litvinenko criminal
case against Putin
July 8: Putin arrives in Ufa for the BRICS/SCO Summit in Bashkortostan, Russia.
July: Mr Emmerson QC, for the Litvinenko family at the British judicial inquiry, backs the Metropolitan Police case that scientific evidence implicating the two Russian murder suspects (Andrei Lugovoi and Dmitry Kovtun) was incontrovertible. This included five locations visited by the men, but not all by Litvinenko, that all bore traces of direct contact with radioactive polonium 210 (used to poison him). Mr Emmerson suggests that the inquiry chairman, Sir Robert Owen, should conclude that there was enough proof to hold the Russian president personally responsible, for Putin had awarded a medal to Andrei Lugovoi (now a Russian MP), for services to the motherland, during the inquiry, and had refused his extradition.
• Eventually in January 2016 the UK judicial verdict by Sir Robert Owen states –
"Taking full account of all the evidence and analysis available to me,
I find that the FSB operation to kill Mr Litvinenko was probably approved by Mr Patrushev and also by President Putin."
September 12: Russian President Vladimir Putin and former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi (with Cosa Nostra links) visit the Bakhchisarai Historical Cultural and Archaeological Museum-Preserve in Crimea.
The International
Criminal Court (ICC) authorizes an investigation into possible war crimes perpetrated during a conflict between Russia and Georgia.
fraternal relationship of Putin to Erdogan of Turkey, both building a populist authoritarianism, comes into focus after the attempted military coup in Turkey with Iran's official Fars News Agency claiming that Russian security services tipped off their Turkish counterparts after picking up –
"highly sensitive army exchanges and encoded radio messages
showing that the Turkish army was readying to stage a coup."
Erdogan and Putin have strong incentives to resume their interrupted 'love-in', for Russian TV reports triumphantly that the pilot of the Turkish F-16 that had shot down their Su-24 had been arrested as an anti-Erdogan coup suspect, drawing a symbolic line under that incident. Talks have also resumed on the South Stream gas pipeline project that would bring Russian gas to southern Europe via Turkey, bypassing Ukraine.
In the aftermath of the coup attempt, the strongmen of Europe’s fringe have agreed to a summit meeting in Moscow on August 6.
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
meets with
Turkish President
Tayyip Erdogan
at the Kremlin
in Moscow, Russia,
September 23, 2015.
  October. 7: Vladimir Putin plays in an ice hockey match with Night Hockey League stars at Sochi to celebrate his 63rd birthday.  
Unemployment in Russia is steady at 5.8%, meaning that 4.4m people are out of work, and real wages fell by 10%.
President Putin denies Russian troops being involved in the takeover of the Crimea – he called the heavily armed soldiers seen there in modern uniforms without insignia, dubbed "green men", a local self-defence force. But earlier this year, he had told Russian TV that he had instructed his special forces (spetsnaz) to get directly involved in the annexation.
January 8: Putin practices judo with Musa Mogushkov of Russian national judo team during a training session in Sochi, Russia.
A new
See: Putin's
Own Website
biography of Putin by Masha Gessen,
The Man Without a Face: The Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin,
provides a compelling portrait of a man who rose without trace from being a minor KGB and St Petersburg bureaucrat to become
"the godfather of a Mafia clan",
who has amassed a personal fortune that in 2007 was estimated by one Kremlin insider to be $40 billion (£28bn).
mafia Clan
21: Official Statement by the judge Sir Robert Owen as chairman of the Litvinenko murder Inquiry.
"These findings relating to Russian state responsibility
are based on evidence which I heard in open and closed sessions of the Inquiry."
The report concludes that Mr Litvinenko's work for British intelligence agencies, his criticism of the FSB and of Mr Putin, and his association with other Russian dissidents were possible motives for his killing by the Russian state.
See: UK
Judicial Inquiry
285-page Report
and key documents
The chairman
of the judicial inquiry into the death of Litvinenko, Sir Robert Owen, states on page 240 of this report –
9.201 "My finding that Mr Litvinenko was killed at the direction of the FSB gives rise to one further issue. At what level of seniority was the plan to kill Mr Litvinenko authorised? Was Mr Patrushev, the then head of the FSB, aware of the operation? Was President Putin aware of the operation?
9.202 "A number of the witnesses who gave evidence during the open sessions of the Inquiry expressed strong views as to President Putin’s direct involvement in Mr Litvinenko’s death. It is perhaps worth recalling that the first person to make this allegation was Mr Litvinenko himself, in the deathbed statement to which I have referred above [in the report]".
The inquiry's findings are welcomed by Mr Litvinenko's widow, Marina, who said she was "very happy" that –
"the words my husband spoke on his deathbed when he accused Mr Putin have been proved by an English court".
— Be not intimidated by the past malicious behaviour of Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin —
Adam Szubin, who oversees the US Treasury sanctions on Russia (after annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region), states that the Russian president Putin is corrupt and that the US government has known this for "many, many years....
We've seen him enriching his friends, his close allies, and marginalising those who he doesn't view as friends using state assets. Whether that's Russia's energy wealth, whether it's other state contracts, he directs those to whom he believes will serve him and excludes those who don't. To me, that is a picture of corruption."
Russia and Ukraine currently rank as the most corrupt states in Eastern Europe in the latest international corruption rankings released by non-governmental organization Transparency International. Transparency International began tracking corruption with rankings in 1995. Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia were at the bottom of this year's rankings while the United States ranked at number 16 out of 168.
A new
cultural centre celebrating Stalin is unveiled in the Tver region near Moscow, and local communists declare 2016 to be the Year of Stalin throughout the region. Alongside this, new staff at Perm-36, a former gulag that was turned into a museum in the Urals, have come under fire for softening the image of Communist-era repression after pressure from the regional administration. Stalin's rehabilitation in Russia comes amid Putin's shift towards authoritarianism. Some of the Soviet Union's darkest practices have made an ominous return: curtailing freedoms and consolidating his power, Putin has created a modern Russia in which dissent once again carries a high price.
22, Monday: As a UK citizen, the Rev. LE Thomas, hand-delivers legal documentation directly to staff of the Prosecutor's Office of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, Netherlands (Den Haag, Nederland), to validate/justify the criminal prosecution of President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation for his murders in the UK of Alexander Litvinenko (2006, poisoned with polonium 210) and Boris Berzovesky (2013, choked to death and then hanged), by the agents of Russia's FSB. (See March 20)
28, Monday: Only acknowledgement of receipt received (March 1) from the ICC, but nothing more, as at this date,
. . . so it may be that the ICC Prosecutor (Fatou Bensouda) is too fearful of Putin
to proceed with the criminal charges I laid against him.
29, Tuesday: Emailed pdf received as at this date from ICC detailing that they believe that the criminal complaints lodged fall outside their jurisdiction; signed by M.P. Dillon, Head of the Information & Evidence Unit, Office of the Prosecutor; and concluding with the words –
"I hope you will appreciate that with the defined jurisdiction of the Court, many serious allegations will be beyond the reach of this institution to address. I note in this regard that the ICC is designed to complement, not replace national jurisdictions.
Thus, if you wish to pursue this matter further, you may consider raising it with appropriate national or international authorities."
... which action, of course, will not work in Russia – for obvious reasons. And at an "international" level, Russia also carries a veto in the UN Security Council, so the ICC is without excuse for not following through . . . as its al-Bashir case illustrates.

Yet in 2009
Omar al-Bashir of Sudan
was charged by the ICC
without the cooperation of
his "national" jurisdiction
on the recommendation of
the UN Security Council.


A Putin proxy
2: The "Panama Papers", an unprecedented leak of millions of papers from 4-decades of the database of Mossack Fonseca (the world’s fourth biggest offshore law firm), show how the rich and powerful are able to exploit secret offshore tax regimes in myriads of ways. The offshore trail starts in Panama, darts through Russia, Switzerland and Cyprus – and includes a private ski resort where Putin’s younger daughter, Katerina, got married in 2013.
The "Panama Papers" shine a particular spotlight on Sergei Roldugin, who is Putin’s best friend. Roldugin introduced Putin to the woman he subsequently married, Lyudmila, and is godfather to Putin’s older daughter, Maria.
The 'Panama Papers'
is an investigation of
high level corruption, by
International Consortium of
Investigative Journalists,
April 5
Tuesday: Putin orders the creation of a Russian national guard and appoints Viktor Zolotov (Putin's former bodyguard and reportedly one of the president's most trusted loyalists) as commander, and appoints him onto Russia's Security Council.
Putin is
reportedly one of the richest men on the planet because he controls 20 to 200 billion dollars around the world, depending on whom you believe. True or not –
according to Transparency International's analysis it is undeniable that Russia is one of the most corrupt countries right now.
April 11,
Monday: Rev. LE Thomas sends a rebuttal of the International Criminal Court's letter of reply of 'no jurisdiction', and calls for direct action by the International Criminal Court against Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin for his orchestration of international assassinations.
Click to download pdf
copy of his rebuttal
With his
hand resting atop a copy of Russia’s constitution, as he was sworn in for his third term as president, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin had promised to "respect and protect human and civil rights and freedoms."
If the Prosecutor of the ICC continues to block the criminal charge against Putin, the next step, as demonstrated by Bill Browder of 'Hermitage Capital', is the European Union Parliament.
But in the two years since, the Russian president has overseen an accelerated crackdown on dissent and opposition, and a series of recently enacted laws have made it harder for Russians to assemble, to publish criticism on the Internet, and to carry out political or human rights advocacy, according to analysts and human rights groups. (See: July 2016)
Vladimir Putin's image-management is so well done that he can count among his fans, world celebrities such as –
F1-boss Bernie Ecclestone;  Italian ex-PM Silvio Berlusconi;
 movie-star Steven Seagal;  actor Gerard Depardieu;
boxers Mickey Rourke;  Roy Jones Jr.; Fred Durst;
and US President Elect Donald Trump;
12: A second emailed letter is despatched to the International Criminal Court (ICC) to remind them of the legal basis and the necessity of proceeding with the prosecution against President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation (ICC reference OTP-CR-50/16/001).
Click to download pdf
copy of this reminder!
Russian president governs an economy controlled by insiders who pay him homage and royalties in return for favours. The takeover has been rapid and, in less than one generation, Russia's oligarchs have amassed some of the biggest fortunes in the world.
Russia under President Vladimir Putin has become a kleptocracy.
May 13
In Moscow – Three senior editors are compelled to leave their jobs at RBC newspaper, apparently victims of the Kremlin’s ire for reporting too many details about the family and friends of President Vladimir V. Putin. The latest controversy erupted on Wednesday, when the paper published an article reporting that a man linked to the management of a giant Rococo palace believed to have been built for Mr. Putin along the Black Sea had been granted a concession to grow oysters and mussels nearby.
Pavlovsky, who was a key architect of the alliance of pollsters at the Levada Center and media owners that eventually brought Putin to power in 2000, states: "There is no difference for us between facts and perceptions."
The Levada Center occupies two suites of cluttered offices at the back of a former pre-revolutionary hotel not far from Red Square. Opinion polls shape official television coverage, which in turn shapes public opinion.
Accordingly, in 2014, as oil prices crumbled, Putin annexed Crimea and backed rebels in eastern Ukraine,
filling TV programming with news flashes from the front and fostering a surge of national pride.
7: In Moscow – Israel's Netanyahu meets with Putin to plan a summit between Israel and the Palestinian Authoritiy's Mahmoud Abbas, so as to take the initiative away from the US and also enhance Russia's penetration in the Midde East.
12: Хаппи День России!
27: In the US, the Washington Post reports that at a recent meeting of U.S. ambassadors from Russia and Europe in Washington, U.S. ambassadors to several European countries complained that Putin's Russian intelligence officials are constantly perpetrating acts of harassment against their diplomatic staff that range from the weird to the downright scary. Some of the intimidation has been routine: following diplomats or their family members, showing up at their social events uninvited or paying reporters to write negative stories about them. Norm Eisen, U.S. ambassador the Czech Republic from 2011 to 2014, said –
"Since the return of Putin, Russia has been engaged in an increasingly aggressive gray war across Europe. Now it’s in retaliation for Western sanctions because of Ukraine.
The widely reported harassment is another front in the gray war
...They are hitting American diplomats literally where they live."
In the early morning of June 6, a uniformed Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) guard stationed outside the U.S. Embassy in Moscow attacks and beats up a U.S. diplomat who is trying to enter the compound, according to four U.S. officials who were briefed on the incident.
The State Department in Washington calls in Russian Ambassador Sergey I. Kislyak to complain about the incident.

This new law requires any sharing of the Christian faith – even a casual conversation – to have prior authorisation from the Russian state.

Any non-Russian citizen attending a church service will be required to have a work visa or face a fine and expulsion from Russia.

Christians in Russia
will now not be allowed
to email their friends
an invitation to church
or even to evangelize
in their own homes.
7: In Moscow – Russian President Vladimir Putin signs into law a controversial package of amendments to the country's existing counter-terrorism laws, toughening punishment for crimes connected to terrorism and extremism, but experts say that the criteria for determining what is 'terrorist' and 'extremist' are vague, meaning the authorities can interpret the terms in an unacceptably loose manner and use it to oppress dissent.
Yarovaya law (named after one of its authors: Irina A. Yarovaya) also restricts religious 'proselytizing' (evangelising) and imposes heavy fines for doing so. While the law exempts the Russian Orthodox Church, opponents point out that exemption only extends to the Moscow Patriarchate which has been associated with the Russian government since the Soviet era. The new law prohibits religious gatherings in non-registered areas, which could include private homes, and restricts promoting religion even on the Internet,
thus formally opening the door for the persecution of evangelical Christians.
The law comes into effect July 20, 2016.
One Russian
Protestant leader says that this law "creates the basis for mass persecution" of Christians who don’t belong to the Russian Orthodox Church by making it a crime to evangelize unless they receive 'a special permit' to do so from the government.
An open
letter from the Russian Baptist Council of Churches says: The authors of the (Yarovaya) bill did not ask for the views of those "who are the most affected by the new amendments" and that the law violates –
the constitutional right to "freely to choose, hold, and disseminate religious and other beliefs... [It will] create conditions for the repression of all Christians …Any person who mentions their religious views or reflections out loud or puts them in writing, without the relevant documents, could be accused of ‘illegal missionary activity’ and subjected to a heavy fine."
Another letter, signed by, amongst others, Sergei Ryakhovsky, head of the Protestant Churches of Russia, says –
"[It’s] the most draconian anti-religion bill to be proposed in Russia since Nikita Khrushchev promised to eliminate Christianity in the Soviet Union. For years we have watched as huge changes take place in Russia under the increasingly dictatorial rule of President Putin and his administration. Freedom of religion represents a threat to the current political agenda in Russia. Today, few – if any – foreign Christian mission groups have an official presence in Russia,
having been pushed out by anti-evangelical regulations."
Earlier this
year, Putin created a new National Guard, a super-agency directly run by the Kremlin and employing 400,000 paramilitary police and troops, as well as helicopter gunships and tanks. The new unit – a modern-day equivalent to the Roman emperors’ Praetorian Guard – is led by Putin's former personal bodyguard Viktor Zolotov and has been specifically authorized by the Duma (the principal legislative assembly) to fire on civilians in cases of 'civil unrest'.
Putin said, in February 2016, that the new unit was designed to "fight terrorism" – and in the next breath warned that Russia's "foes abroad" are preparing to "interfere" with the parliamentary elections on September 18 by organizing mass protests,
thereby labelling any political opponents as foreign-backed fifth columnists.
July 18:
Russia found guilty of deliberate doping in international sport.
This would not be possible without Putin's complicity
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) releases its report with findings that the Russian Ministry of Sport deliberately directed, controlled and oversaw the manipulation of athletes’ analytical results and sample swapping...
with the active participation and assistance of –
   •   Russia's State secret service, the Federal Security Service (FSB);
   •   the Center of Sports Preparation of National Teams of Russia (CSP);
   •   and both the Moscow and Sochi laboratories.

Vladimir Putin with
Sports Minister
Vitaly Mutko

July 27:
Putin on the contrary discredits WADA's findings and accuses the IAAF of “blatant discrimination” and of double standards, while addressing his athletes at the Kremlin before the Russian Olympic team is due to fly out to Rio de Janeiro for the Olympics. Putin said the absence of athletes from the world’s largest country would also diminish the competition.
Of the International Association of Athletics Federations’ decision to reject the eligibility applications of 67 of Russia’s 68-strong athletics team, Putin said, in a speech broadcast on state television, that it had
"gone beyond legal boundaries as well as beyond the point of common sense".
On Saturday August 13, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) announces that Yuliya Stepanova’s password for WADA’s Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS) was illegally obtained, which has allowed a perpetrator to access her account at ADAMS. Stepanova, now in hiding in North America, had helped reveal the biggest state-backed doping program in Russia and was forced to flee the country with her husband for fear of her life. As a result of the exposure, Russia's track and field team had been banned from the Rio Olympics while all Russian competitors in other sports therefore had to prove they were clean by meeting several criteria in order to be eligible to compete in Brazil.
Vladimir Putin abruptly reshuffles several regional leaders and dismisses the ambassador to Ukraine in a substantial shake-up that also includes the removal of the country's long-time customs chief. Putin replaces four governors and appoints new presidential envoys to three of Russia's sprawling "federal districts," drawing heavily on former top security-services personnel in what analysts see as a continuation of a push to tighten his grip on power.
My most recent letter to
International Criminal Court,
9 July 2016, on the
prosecution of VV Putin
In the
United States of America – Republican front-runner for the US presidency, Donald Trump (America's first fascist leader), has promised to get along with Moscow and has heaped praise on Vladimir Putin.
In the Black Sea Region – under Putin, Russia has built a combined arms force of land, sea, air and electronic forces that NATO leaders admit is fully capable of denying access to NATO forces seeking to enter the Black Sea during any conflict.
Putin in collaboration
with Erdogan of Turkey
for joint control
of the Black Sea.

Russia has also deployed nuclear-capable weapons to the Black Sea area and is apparently building a similar network of anti-access area denial (A2/AD) capabilities against NATO in both the eastern Mediterranean around Syria and in the Caucasus.
10: Putin has the Russian FSB in Crimea claim to have repelled 'a series of attacks by armed Ukrainians in Crimea', after their loss of one Russian soldier and one FSB agent. Ukraine denies any such incidents. Putin then immediately sends military reinforcements to Crimea. Russia’s Black Sea Fleet, based in Crimea, launched a three-day “anti-sabotage” exercise in the wake of the alleged Crimea incursion.
ThePutin ruse.
Following a
request from Kyiv, the UN Security Council was due to have discussed the rising tensions in Crimea during a closed-door meeting in New York on August 11.
6: Reply received from the International Criminal Court simply reiterating its previous stance concerning the prosecution of President Vladimir Putin for his foreign assassinations of critics.
September 16:
With personal approval ratings of over 80% in Russia, a stranglehold on the local media, and a pliant parliament and judiciary, Vladimir Putin's grip on power appears as strong as at any time since he took over from Boris Yeltsin a decade and a half ago.
Yet, the Russian
authorities appear to be taking no chances. Last week, Russia's Justice ministry listed their Levada centre, Russia’s only significant independent pollster, as a ‘foreign agent,’ under a controversial law on organisations that accept foreign funding. The move has been widely seen as an effort to silence the pollster, lest it exposed any embarrassing results for Mr Putin's ruling United Russia Party at Sunday's vote for parliamentary representatives. Mr Putin also maintains a stranglehold over every institution that could nominally provide checks and balances to executive power, including the judiciary, parliament, and the bulk of the national media. President Vladimir Putin's public image control has been so successful that any negative criticism is simply regarded as nothing more than American propaganda!
September 19:
Russia’s ruling party United Russia of Putin wins a record high number of seats in Sunday's Russian parliamentary election but in an election with the lowest turnout in the country’s post-Soviet history. While Putin hails the result a vote of confidence for his party at the time of the exit poll, he acknowledges the turnout projections of 40 percent were notably low. In an ominous sign for Russian democracy one of the top Twitter trends on polling day in Russia was #ЯнеГолосовал (I did not vote). The United Russia party has boosted its share of the parliamentary vote and now has about three quarters of the seats in the 450-member State Duma. United Russia alone now has enough deputies to amend the constitution on its own.
Last week would-be voters took to social media in droves to declare that the upcoming vote was “Elections without choice”.
The huge win for United Russia and the largely trouble-free vote inevitably appears to pave the way for Putin to cruise to a fourth term as president at a vote scheduled for March 2018.
Polls give Putin an approval rating of about 80 percent, the ruling United Russia party won 76 percent of seats in parliament, and his annexation of Ukraine's Crimea sealed his saviour-of-the-nation image in many Russian eyes.
In the
USA – Republican Donald Trump's son acknowledges that Trump’s companies have received large Russian investments.
Trump's former campaign manager Paul Manafort also worked for Ukraine’s disgraced pro-Moscow authoritarian president for almost a decade.
Two of Trump's foreign policy advisers, Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn and Carter Page, also have close links with Russia Today (TV) and Gazprom, respectively.
The emails of the Democratic National Committee were hacked and released, by Russian intelligence
effectively ousting its chair just before the Democratic National Convention.
According to
a report by the U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence, issued two weeks prior to Trump’s inauguration, the Russian government "aspired to help President elect Trump’s election chances when possible
by discrediting Secretary Clinton and publicly contrasting her unfavorably to him."
Trump Tweets to Aras Agalarov: "Do you think Putin will be going to The Miss Universe Pageant in November in Moscow - if so, will he become my new best friend?"
8:17 pm - 18 Jun 2013
October 3:
President Vladimir Putin orders a halt to a year 2000 agreement with the United States on plutonium disposal (which they had reaffirmed in 2010) for nuclear disarmament, citing Washington’s "unfriendly actions". The Kremlin has indicated that it would only maintain the agreement if Washington lifts its sanctions and ends other policies seen as unfriendly to Moscow. This US-Russian Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement obliges Moscow and Washington to dispose of no less than 34 tonnes of weapon-grade plutonium by irradiating it or transforming it into so-called MOX (mixed oxide) fuel.
October 10:
In Istanbul, Turkey – President Putin and President Erdogan of Turkey sign an oil pipeline agreement for the 'Turkish Stream' export of Russian oil which will run under the Black Sea to Turkey and then to the Greek border, allowing Russian gas to reach Western markets without using Russia’s existing export pipelines through Eastern Europe.
October 21:
President Putin calls Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel to congratulate him on his birthday.
Johnson, the British Foreign Secretary, says Russia may have committed war crimes in Syria by bombing a UN aid convoy, and accused President Putin of not only "handing the revolver" (supplying weapons) to the Assad regime, but also "helping to pull the trigger".
Also in the
UK – Sir John Sawers, former MI6 (military intelligence) chief, states that the West needed to recognise the balance of power had changed in the world because Russia and China had become more powerful than they were in the past, saying –
"We are moving into an era that is as dangerous, if not more dangerous, as [than] the cold war, because we do not have that focus on a strategic relationship between Moscow and Washington", and concerning the worsening crisis in Syria
that it is a direct result of Britain's decision "not to engage" in the civil war back in 2013.
"We vacated the theatre and the Russians have moved in. ...It certainly was a mistake.
Chemical weapons were being used against civilians in Damascus by their own regime."
Sir Anthony
Brenton, ex-British Ambassador to Moscow warns, "Having dealt with Russia for more than 20 years in the Foreign Office and served as British Ambassador to Russia between 2004 and 2008, we are in the most dangerous situation in our relations I have ever seen.
In Russia all the talk is of a second Cold War, with active preparations for fighting a hot war if necessary."
November 14:
President Putin phones Donald Trump, president elect in the US, to begin negotiations over how best to tackle terrorism.
(Putin and Trump's phone call also comes as U.S. internet companies including Facebook Inc and Amazon Inc have sent the president-elect a detailed list of their policy priorities. These include promoting strong encryption, immigration reform and maintaining liability protections from content that users share on their platforms.)
Necessary Nuclear
Attack Precautions

has developed a new intercontinental nuclear missile (officially known as RS-28 Sarmat) which, experts claim, make the American atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki look like "popguns".
It has the capacity to destroy an area the size of France in Europe, or of the State of Texas in the US.
Russia also moves its nuclear-capable Iskander surface-to-surface missiles to its Kaliningrad enclave at the southeastern end of the Baltic Sea, with implications for all of north-eastern Europe.
In addition,
Russia has developed a new military tank the T-14 Armata which far outstrips Western tanks in design and technology (faster, lighter, and can self-load ammunition). Russia’s superior arsenal of 2,500 active tanks is now backed by a reserve force of 12,500 more,
and it has plans to produce 120 Armatas annually from 2018.
After Trump's election win in the USA, knowing his compliance on several key issues such as reducing US involvement in NATO, and reduction of its involvement in the Middle East, Putin begins planning a strategy to disrupt world oil supplies, to escalate the price of oil, and make Europe more dependant on Russian oil supplies.
Some American compatriots in Washington foolishly believe that this, as a military conflict (war), could help provide a way out of the financial crisis of the international banks.
See: Oil Price News
A brilliant production
in Slovenia!
November 15:
In its annual publication World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) details expectations for global energy trends, warning that the recent low price of oil (which has hurt the Russian economy) could have serious ramifications within years in deterring development and investment in new oil fields, thereby escalating the international oil price by 2020. It says that if countries do not implement new green policies, a barrel of Brent crude could even rise to $150 by 2040, whereas a huge investment in renewables could see it limited to $80.
So Putin's plans to limit supply by disrupting world oil supply routes, in order to force a higher price, may be abandoned.
1: In Moscow – Putin delivers his 13th 70-minute address to the Federal Assembly as President of the Russian Federation, focused primarily on domestic matters – the economy and social issues in particular – with only about seven minutes dedicated to foreign policy issues. He states that
"US-Russia cooperation is in the interests of the entire world. We bear common responsibility in providing international security and stability. …We count on the United States to cooperate against a real and not an imagined threat – international terrorism".
December 26:
In Moscow – Ex-KGB/FSB General Oleg Erovinkin, who had helped Christopher Steele (52) put together the Russian dossier on America's Donald Trump is now found dead in his car. At the time of Erovinkin's death, Russian state-run RIA Novosti news agency says his body was found in a black Lexus and that a 'major investigation' is underway in the area.
His body is sent to the morgue, which returns no cause of death, and the 'investigation continues'.
Putin victim
to the dossier, one source (Sevastyan Kaptsugovich/Seva Kapsovich) even claimed that 'the Trump operation was both supported and directed by Russian President Vladimir Putin' with the aim to 'sow discord' . The report claims that Russian President Vladimir Putin himself had endorsed moves in order to encourage 'splits and divisions' in the West. The dossier was handed over to the FBI in August although the information was also passed from the former MI6 agent Christopher Steele to John McCain through an intermediary.
Steele is now in hiding.
He runs London-based
Orbis Business Intelligence,
a private security firm.
December 29:
President Vladimir Putin announces that Syrian opposition groups and the Syrian government have signed a number of documents including a ceasefire deal that will take effect at midnight on the night of December 29-30. Speaking at the meeting with Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, Putin said that three documents open the way for solving the Syria crisis.
December 30:
In retaliation for the US Obama administration's expelling of 35 Russian diplomats, allegedly complicit in the Russian hacking of the Democratic Party emails during the American election, Putin closes down the U.S. embassy's vacation house in Serebryany Bor near Moscow, and the American K-12 school in Moscow chartered by the American, Canadian and British embassies in Moscow, which has about 1,250 students from 60 countries, and is currently on winter break.
Donald Trump (US president elect) expresses his appreciation that Putin did not respond tit-for-tat concerning American diplomats.
December 31:
Russian state polls show Putin's approval rating at nearly 87 percent — the highest it’s been all year, and only three points off his all-time record. Despite Russia’s financial crisis and controversy abroad,
the Russian president continues to be personally the most trusted public official in the country.
Putin reportedly
only drinks Evian water
Putin (63) has become romanticly involved with (Rupert Murdoch’s ex-wife) Wendi Deng (47)
A dossier
on alleged secret contacts (dating from 20 June to 20 October 2016) between the Trump campaign and Moscow, and that Russian intelligence had personally compromising material on the president-elect himself, is given to US Senator John McCain who passes it to the American FBI director James Comey. One report included, dated June 2016, alleges that the Kremlin has been cultivating, supporting and assisting Trump for at least five years, with the aim of encouraging "splits and divisions in western alliance". The dossier was assembled by respected former British spy Christopher Steele concerning Trump's frolics with prostitutes in Moscow, his real estate deals that were intended as bribes, and his coordination with Russian intelligence of the hacking of Democrats.
Christopher Steele has now gone into hiding out of fear of Putin's revenge.
December 2016, President Barack Obama announces that America will take the two Russian diplomatic compounds in the US and kick out 35 Russian diplomats, because they were involved in spying and interfering in the 2016 US election.
the Report by the US
Intelligence Community
Russian state bodies send the U.S. search engine Google over 13,200 requests to remove content between the last day of 2015 and the first day of 2017, according to Google’s new transparency report. The largest surge in Russian state requests came in the latter half of 2016.
The majority of the removals — nearly 12,000 — took issue with content on YouTube.
January 6:
The American NSA, CIA and FBI issue a combined report that Russian president Vladimir Putin interfered in the US presidential election to aid Donald Trump.
"We assess Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election. Russia’s goals were to undermine public faith in the US democratic process, denigrate Secretary [Hillary] Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency.
We further assess Putin and the Russian Government developed a clear preference for President-elect Trump"
In the
USA – President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia is shown to have directed a vast cyberattack aimed at denying Hillary Clinton the presidency and installing Donald J. Trump in the Oval Office, the top American intelligence agencies state in an extraordinary report they deliver to Mr. Trump. Soon after leaving the meeting with Trump, intelligence officials release the declassified, damning report which describes the sophisticated cybercampaign as part of a continuing Russian effort to weaken the United States government and its democratic institutions.
The declassified report describes in detail the efforts of Mr. Putin and his security services, including the creation of the online Guccifer 2.0 persona and to release information (gained from the hacks) to the public. The cyber attacks had begun July 2015, when Russian intelligence operatives first gained access to the Democratic National Committee’s networks. Russia maintained that access for 11 months, until "at least June 2016," the report concludes, leaving open the possibility that Russian cyberattackers may have had access even after the firm CrowdStrike believed that it had kicked them off the networks.
January 9:

Radio Liberty Report
In the USA – The Treasury Department announces financial sanctions and visa bans under a law punishing those that Washington deems complicit in the death of whistle-blowing Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky and other abuses, including powerful senior law-enforcement official Aleksandr Bastrykin and lawmaker Andrei Lugovoi, who has been accused in Britain in the poisoning of Kremlin critic Aleksandr Litvinenko.
Bastrykin is the head of the federal Investigative Committee, the Russian analogue to the FBI that has directed numerous politically charged criminal cases against opponents of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
invites the incoming US Trump administration to Syrian peace talks it is sponsoring later this month with Turkey and Iran, part of a process from which the Obama administration pointedly had been excluded.
January 26:
British Prime Minister Theresa May uses a major speech in the US to warn Donald Trump and his Republican party to "beware" of Vladimir Putin.
January 28:
Russian President Vladimir Putin has a long telephone discussion with newly elected American President Donald Trump concerning international issues. Russia is modernizing its own nuclear strike capability, which Putin says would enable it to overpower any missile defences the United States is developing. Russia, he said, "will be stronger than any aggressor." Donald Trump has told Vladimir Putin he does not want to renew a 2010 arms control treaty that limits the number of strategic nuclear weapons the US and Russia can deploy. The New START treaty set limits on both countries’ deployed strategic warheads to no more than 1,550 each.
It does not limit non-deployed warheads.
Nuclear Position
February 5:
Military training
Russian President Vladimir Putin prepares his military forces, gigantic infantry and tank exercises, serving as a warning shot at the West. The show of military force is part of the army’s efforts to nail the Suvorov Attack army competition, the Russian Pacific Fleet’s naval infantry unit exercises.
The competition
will be joined by five countries: Russia, China, Iran, Venezuela and Kazakhstan. It is scheduled to take place in the middle of 2017.
The Russian naval infantry show of fighting prowess may serve as a warning to Britain as tensions are on the rise on both sides.
February 2:
In Moscow, Open Russia Foundation activist, and Putin critic, Vladimir Kara-Murza (35) is hospitalised with apparent kidney failure in connection with poisoning. The family has sent blood samples to specialists in Israel and France,
hoping that the poison that is allegedly inside his body can be identified.
Putin victim
February 7:
Vladimir Putin signs into law an amendment that decriminalises domestic violence. The amendment has elicited anger from critics who say that it sends the wrong message in a country where, according to some estimates, one woman dies every 40 minutes from domestic abuse. From now on, beatings of spouses or children that result in bruising or bleeding but not broken bones are punishable by a maximum of 15 days in prison or a fine, if they do not happen more than once a year.
Previously, they carried a maximum jail sentence of two years.
February 28:
President Vladimir Putin wraps up a three-nation tour of Central Asia with a visit to Kyrgyzstan, where he touts a Russian air base as a key to stability in the region. Putin traveled to Kyrgyzstan after visits on February 27 to Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, two other former Soviet republics in Central Asia. All three are members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO),
a Moscow-dominated military and security grouping.
Putin said in Dushanbe that he and Tajik President Emomali Rahmon had agreed to jointly bolster security on Tajikistan's border with war-torn Afghanistan
approves a proposal of Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin, concerning 1.6 million middle class Muscovite homeowners, to demolish their Soviet-era apartment buildings and replace them with modern high-rises. Moscow authorities say the old buildings are beyond repair and that this massive urban relocation will bring much-needed improvements to city housing. But to thousands of residents the plan amounts to a violation of their rights to own property and their right to choose where to live. With the mayor’s office, city and federal legislatures, and the courts all in the hands of Putin loyalists, opponents feel powerless to stop the demolition of their personal homes.
Lawmakers on Friday June 9 amended the law to allow residents to choose cash payments instead of new homes, but the opponents do not trust officials to value their homes fairly. The State Duma, the lower house of parliament, has added guarantees that the new apartments will be in the same neighborhood, but opponents see the plan as a trick to move residents from central neighborhoods to distant peripheries.
The legislators said the program, which will take 15 to 20 years to complete, will start with buildings in the worst condition.
Many opponents plan to join a nationwide protest Monday June 12, called by anti-corruption crusader Alexei Navalny.
They’ve held street protests that have brought out thousands. They’ve used social media to organize a campaign to keep their homes and have bombarded lawmakers with letters. A crowd of them locked arms and chanted "Shame!" outside Russia’s lower house of parliament Friday June 9 as lawmakers gave preliminary approval to the project. JUne 12 is a public holiday in Russia.
March 6:
the International Court of Justice (ICJ) holds its first hearings in a suit Ukraine has brought against Russia. The opposing parties will initially each get four days of divided hearings at this highest international court. The Ukrainian government is accusing Russia of violating the Terrorist Financing Treaty through its support of "illegally armed groups" in the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic. Russia currently denies this.
March 13:
The Russian government approves a Bill which incorporates some military units of the Republic of South Ossetia into the Russian Armed Forces. Putin signs the Bill into law on Tuesday 14 March. South Ossetia is set to elaborate documentation on restructuring its armed forces within three months after the agreement enters in force. Russia recognized the independence of South Ossetia, as well as of Abkhazia, following a five-day war that broke out after Georgia's military operation against the breakaway republics, in 2008.
March 23:
In Kiev, Ukraine – Denis Voronenkov a critic of Putin is shot dead. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko calls the shooting of Denis Voronenkov (deputy in the State Duma, Russia's lower house of parliament, from 2011 until an election in September 2016, and a former Russian Communist Party member who began sharply criticizing Putin after fleeing Russia in 2016)
an "act of state terrorism by Russia."
The killing could have far-reaching consequences for Ukraine, which is locked in a three-year conflict with Russia-backed militants in its eastern regions that has cost the lives of more than 9,900 people.
A munitions
depot near the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv catches fire and is rocked by a series of explosions in a huge conflagration that the authorities have blamed on "sabotage," prompting the evacuation of thousands of people living nearby. President Petro Poroshenko points the finger at Russia, saying it was "no accident" that it occurred on the same day that a former Russian lawmaker who has criticized Russia's government is shot dead in Kyiv.
March 26:
Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny (40) of the anti-corruption Progress Party leads street protests in Moscow, leading to hundreds of arrests across the nation, including that of Navalny himself. Navalny had called for the protest march late last week after saying that Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev of the ruling United Russia party has taken millions in bribes from local oligarchs, garnering big ticket items like real estate and yachts.
Despite the protest initially sparking from these allegations against Medvedev, protesters chant "Down with Putin" instead. Some in St. Petersburg call for both men to be jailed referring to them as the new 'Tsars' of Russia. One protester mounted the base of a famous statue of poet Aleksandr Pushkin and raised a placard with "Putin 666." He is swiftly detained.
Alexei Navalny is detained for 15 days (four people to a cell). He is released on Monday, April 10 and meets with reporters from DER SPIEGEL one day later for an interview at the offices of his Anti-Corruption Foundation in a Moscow business centre. Navalny's spirits are high and he comes across as combative. He was still planning to travel to other parts of Russia to promote his potential candidacy for the presidency in 2018. He has called for further national protests to be held on June 12, 2017.
from May 2017, four RAF Typhoons are being sent by Britain to Romania to help police the Black Sea and provide reassurance to countries worried about Russia's imperial ambitions and military activity in the area, to be based at Mihail Kogalniceanu airbase in southeastern Romania and to patrol the Black Sea alongside local jets. RAF Typhoons have also contributed to NATO's mission over Baltic countries since the start of the Crimea crisis in 2014, flying missions out of Estonia and Lithuania. UK and NATO aircraft intercepted unidentified Russian planes more than 400 times in 2014 alone. British troops were also recently sent to Estonia as part of a NATO operation, with the defence secretary saying it was
another measure to counter an "increasingly assertive Russia".
looms large over France's presidential election, with candidates on the hard left, right and far right all promising to improve ties with the Kremlin, accused by some of meddling in the vote.
power has come at enormous cost – Russia’s population is shrinking, its life expectancy is falling, and its economy is in the midst of a prolonged recession – but ordinary Russians don’t seem to care.
Seventeen years after Putin became Russia’s president, there’s no sign of if, or when, the Putin era will come to a close.
The Russian
budget deficit has soared, access to foreign credit has plummeted, and reserves are dwindling at an alarming rate. Russia’s economic growth lags behind even that of the Brezhnev regime, infamously known as the “era of stagnation.” Despite Putin’s annual promises of developing the high-tech industry, technological backwardness relative to the West has reached its widest gap. No wonder – the Kremlin reportedly spent more on the World Cup than on funding university laboratories. Putin distracts the public from these issues by touting the restoration of Russia’s global power through its engagement in the Ukraine and Syria. One of the cornerstones of Putin’s power is the armed forces, and his modernization of the Russian military unquestionably contributed to any political gains he has achieved. But upgrading the military has been costly. Putin accomplished his buildup of the military at the expense of social services. Pensions have been cut, hospitals and clinics have closed, government pay has been in arrears, and
improvements to dilapidated infrastructure have been scrapped.
In Nicaragua
– Russia constructs a satellite station in Managua, alongside Laguna de Nejapa, for GLONASS (the Russian equivalent of the GPS tracking system). It is likely that the base will also serve Russian espionage purposes, as Putin attempts to restore the international status of Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union.
April 15:
This day is celebrated as Electronic Warfare (EW) Specialist Day in Russia. (on April 15, 1904, when a squadron of Japanese warships was shelling the inner harbor of Port Arthur, radio stations of the Russian battleship Pobeda and the coastal post Zolotaya Gora caused interference to the enemy’s radio communications to seriously impair the transmission of telegrams by hostile fire-control vessels.)
This technology is in active development today and new systems are designed for warfare on the ground, in the air and at sea. Last year, the Russian Army started testing integral parts of a ground-based electronic warfare system capable of defending troops and civil facilities against aerospace attacks. An electronic warfare system is a major element of the military organization of a state and an integral part of all armed conflicts of the past few years and has proven its efficiency in the Russian air task force’s operation in Syria.
April 20:
In the Primorsky region of the Russian Federation – Putin sends reinforcements to the area bordering North Korea in the light of rising tensions between it and the United States, and the possibility of their President Trump's threats to North Korea leading into war.
Russia's naval port of Vladivostok – where Russia has huge military forces – is fewer than 100 miles from North Korea.
April 28:
In the USA –In a letter to Carter Page, a former Trump foreign policy adviser, the Republican and Democratic leadership of the Senate intelligence committee ask him to attend a closed hearing and provide a list of documents on any dealings with "any Russian official or representative of Russian business interests" between June 2015 and January this year.
Putin's front-man
Medvedev has managed to obtain a number of luxury properties, registered under various charitable foundations –
from a 3,000 square-meter (32,300 square-foot) villa on posh Rublyovka Street in Moscow to a winery in Tuscany.
Kremlin has quadrupled its spending on media activities abroad in its latest federal budget, and since half its projected expenditures are labeled confidential, Moscow may well be devoting hundreds of millions more to the cause of influencing national elections in the EU. Vyacheslav Volodin, the speaker of Russia's legislature and a top political strategist, has been stumping across the European Union this campaign season, meeting with representatives of nationalist parties such as Alternative for Germany. And now Moscow has turned its focus toward France as the country gears up for two months of presidential and legislative elections. For the Kremlin, the stakes are high in the French elections. Moscow sees France as a potential counterweight not only against Germany in the European Union, but also against the United States in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
France, moreover, is critical to the negotiations over the conflict in eastern Ukraine as one of four members of the so-called Normandy Group. The run-up to the elections offers the Russian government a chance to either help usher a more sympathetic figure into power in Paris or to create enough chaos to keep France focused on its own problems for the near future. Macron claims that Russia has discredited his campaign by spreading conspiracy theories on social media about his finances and his private life. Sputnik sparked rumors about Macron's sexuality and circulated stories that he was a U.S. agent. And in February, the head of Macron's campaign blamed the Russian government for cyber attacks against its computer networks. The En Marche! founder and former economy minister supports the European Union and has urged the bloc to take a hard line on Russia for meddling in European elections.
European Strategy
May 5:
In France – The campaign team of French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron (39) says it has been the victim of a "massive hacking attack" after a trove of documents was released online. Vitali Kremez, director of research with New York-based cyber intelligence firm Flashpoint, states that his review indicated that APT 28, a group tied to the GRU (ГРУ ГШ), the Russian military intelligence directorate, is behind the leak. Former Clinton campaign press secretary Brian Fallon wrote on Twitter —
"Putin is waging war against Western democracies and our President (Trump) is on the wrong side" .
The former French economy minister in Macron's team complained about attempts to hack its systems during a fraught campaign, blaming Russian interests in part for the cyber attacks.
French election
strategy against Macron
June 12:
Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny is detained by Russian police en route to a political protest in Moscow, his wife Yulia Navalnaya writes on his Twitter account, posting a photo of him getting into a police car.
July 7:
President Trump meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin saying "it's an honor to be with you" as the two leaders addressed the media. The cordial words came ahead of a meeting that is likely to overshadow the larger G-20 meeting of industrialized nations taking place in Hamburg, Germany.
Alexei Navalny is released after 25 days in prison.
July 30:
In an interview aired by Vesti TV Putin states that the US must cut its diplomatic staff to 455 by September 1 and stop their activity in the Russian Federation in retaliation for the new sanctions against Russia approved by Congress. The U.S. has roughly 1,210 staff across its embassy in Moscow and consulates in St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and Vladivostok.
A 2013 State Department inspector general's report said that 934 staff members are “locally employed” Russians
Putin expels
US diplomatic staff!
vice-president Mike Pence discusses the possibility of deploying the American Patriot anti-missile defence system in Estonia,
one of three NATO Baltic states worried by Russian expansionism.
1: The Russian opposition leader, Alexei Navalny, publishes aerial footage of a hidden island mansion near the Finnish border allegedly used by Vladimir Putin as a holiday retreat. The mansion, known as Villa Segren, is located on a picturesque 50-acre site on and around Lodochny island in the Gulf of Finland.
It was used as the backdrop for a Soviet TV adaptation of Sherlock Holmes filmed in the 1980s.
The land the property was built on is rented from Sergei Rudnov, a businessman, according to Navalny. Rudnov is the son of a friend of Putin’s, and also worked for the Russian cellist Sergei Roldugin, who has known Putin for years and was linked in documents leaked in the Panama Papers to offshore companies with cash flows of up to £1.4bn (US$1.8 billion).
Navalny’s anti-corruption investigations have targeted a string of high-profile Russian officials, as the opposition figurehead continues to campaign to be allowed to run in presidential elections scheduled for next year.
foreign ministry summons a U.S. diplomat in Moscow (Anthony F. Godfrey) to hand him a note of protest over US plans to conduct searches in Russia's trade mission complex in Washington, which should soon be closed. The ministry calls the planned "illegal inspection" of Russian diplomatic housing an "unprecedented aggressive action", which could be used by the U.S. special services for "anti- Russian provocations" by the way of "planting compromised items".
Putin has also
described the American military missile strike against the Syrian airbase from which the April 4 poison gas attack was launched as – "aggression against a sovereign state in violation of international law".
9: President Putin publishes a decree (still to be ratified by parliament) to allow foreign nationals to serve in Russian military "counter-terrorism and peacekeeping missions", including Syria, where an increasing number of Russian military service members are currently stationed. This legal amendment provides regulation for the foreign nationals who participate in Russia's Syria campaign.
To allow foreign nationals to
serve in Russia's military
In South Africa – Its President Zuma reshuffles his cabinet after a visit by a high-level delegation of four from Russia (via Maputo, Mozambique) to help secure a contract with Russia for a multi-billion dollar nuclear power deal. As a consequence David Mahlobo (who did a three week training course in Russia in 2014) is now appointed as its Energy Minister.
David Mahlobo and George Molotsi had met with the Russian delegation on Monday 16 October.
On Monday October 23 (after the above is made known by the media) the Russia ambassador emphatically denies any Russian involvement. So of course, it was just coincidence that –
   (1) the South African cabinet reshuffle occurred the day after 4 Russian officials arrived in the country, just coincidence that
   (2) the government's new cabinet minister of Energy is the one that had been sent on a 3-week training course in Russia in 2014; and also coincidence that –
   (3) Russia is seeking nuclear energy business for its companies.
Russia influences
South African
Cabinet reshuffle,
which it denies.
President Vladimir Putin launches one of his most stinging critiques of U.S. foreign policy, listing what he calls some of the biggest betrayals in US-Russia relations. He declines to say if he would run for a fourth presidential term in an election set for March, though he is expected to stand after dominating Russian politics for 18 years. Instead, he uses a high-profile televised discussion with foreign academics in southern Russia to reach back to what he regards as the darkest days of US-Russia relations.
November 9:
President Vladimir Putin suggests that a recent flurry of Russian sports doping allegations could be an American attempt to interfere in next year's Russian presidential election. Putin notes that international sports organizations have a complex skein of "relationships and dependencies." He said "and the controlling stake is in the United States," where sponsors and television broadcasters are concentrated. "In response to our alleged interference in their elections,
they want to create problems during the election of the president of Russia," he said.
In Hungary
, a nation of about 10 million people east of Austria, west of Ukraine, and north of the Balkans, Putin’s soul-mate is the prime minister, Viktor Orban. Last month Hungary hosted a unique conference for persecuted Christians. Orban opened the conference by scolding Europe for, "denying its Christian roots" and for allowing in "dangerous extremists." The billionaire George Soros, once a supporter of Orban, is now identified publicly and ubiquitously as his number one enemy. In a recent public statement Orban called the world’s biggest philanthropist "Satan," claiming that
the developer of one of the best Hungarian universities wants to destroy Europe by letting in 'Muslim' immigrants.
Hungary is the only country in Europe where several far-right parties compete with the ruling party to see who can use the most hateful speech about foreigners.

Very misleading for 25% of Syrian refugees classify themselves as Christian.
Mr. PutinWe Are
Watching YOU!
President Vladimir Putin has an agency located at 55 Savushkina Street, St Petersburg, Russia
called Internet Research (Location latitude: 59.8944, longitude: 30.2642)
set up to monitor any criticism of himself, such as from this website, to then track that critic,
and to assemble information to completely discredit that critic.
See: Detailed List of at least FORTY ASSASSINATIONS directly implicating Vladimir Putin
Just a sampling:
(of those eliminated
by various means)
Killed Killed Arrested
Galina Starovoitova (Nov. 20, 1998) Yuri Skuratov (Mar. 17, 1999) Mikhail Trepashkin (Oct. 22, 2003)
Ibn al-Khattab (Mar. 20, 2002) Yuri Shchekochikhin (Jul. 3, 2003) Mikhail Khodorkovsky (Oct. 25, 2003)
Sergei Yushenkov (Apr. 17, 2003) Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev (Feb. 13, 2004) Paul Joyal (Mar. 1, 2007)
Paul Klebnikov (Jul. 9, 2004) Nikolai Girenko (Jun. 19, 2004) Alexei Navalny (Jul. 15, 2013)
Viktor Yushchenko (Sept. 5, 2004) Andrei Kozlov (Sept. 14, 2006) Sergei Udaltsov (Dec. 15, 2012)
Alexander Litvinenko (Nov. 23, 2006) Anna Politkovskaya (Oct. 7, 2006) Leonid Razvozzhaev (Jul. 24, 2014)
Daniel McGrory (Feb. 20, 2007) Ivan Safronov (Mar. 2, 2007) Mikhail Kosenko (Jun. 8, 2012)
Oleg Gordievsky (Nov. 2, 2007) Oleg Zhukovsky (Dec. 2007) Pussy Riot (August 2012)
Stanislav Markelov (Jan. 19, 2009) Natalia Estemirova (Jul. 14, 2009) Vladimir Yevtushenkov (Sept. 2015)
Sergei Magnitsky (Nov. 16, 2009) Anatoly Sobchak (Feb. 20, 2010) Alexei Anatolievich Navalny (Jan.28, 2018)
Sergei Tretyakov (Jun. 13, 2010) Alexander Perepilichny (Nov. 10, 2012)  
Boris Berezovsky (Mar. 23, 2013) Boris Nemtsov (Feb. 27, 2015)  
Christophe de Margerie (Oct. 20, 2014) Vladimir Kara-Murza (May 2015)  
Mikhail Lesin (Nov. 5, 2015) Igor Sergun (Jan. 4, 2016)  
Pavel Sheremet (July 20, 2016) Aleksandr Poteyev (July 2016)  
The revelation of Russian contacts with British Foreign Minister Boris Johnson comes as the Observer investigation into Russian influence in British politics places him in a web of relationships between a known Russian spy, Sergey Nalobin (expelled from Britain in 2015), and Matthew Elliott, the chief executive of Vote Leave (Brexit), the official Leave campaign headed by Johnson.
"Their first inquiry should focus on possible Russian meddling in the EU referendum.
People need to know if Russian roubles played any part in securing the small majority for Brexit on 23 June 2016."
(Tom Brake, the Liberal Democrat spokesman for Brexit)
engineering Russia’s pact with the Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to curb supplies a year ago, President Putin has since emerged as the group’s most influential player. As one senior OPEC official put it on condition of anonymity, the Russian leader is now "calling all the shots." The Kremlin’s growing sway within the oil cartel reflects a foreign policy that’s designed to counter U.S. influence across the globe through a wide mix of economic, diplomatic, military and intelligence measures.
That strategy, which is undergirded by Russia’s vast natural-resource wealth, appears to be working.
In Vienna –
the strength of Putin’s position will be in the spotlight on November 30, when OPEC’s 14 members, including Iran, Iraq, Nigeria and Venezuela, host nominally independent producers such as Russia and Mexico to discuss whether to extend the cuts past March. At stake is the economic and political health of all states involved, including Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, two former Soviet republics that Putin brought into the deal. Participants in the accord collectively pump 60 percent of the world’s oil.
Putin’s comments, the Kremlin has been sending mixed signals, in part to placate domestic oil barons like state-run Rosneft PJSC chief Igor Sechin and Lukoil PJSC billionaire Vagit Alekperov. But it’s also trying to keep oil prices from rising enough to spur shale companies to drill even more in the U.S., which expects domestic production to reach a record 10 million barrels a day next year,
a level exceeded only by Saudi Arabia and Russia.
December 5:
Putin announces that he will run for a fourth six-year term as president of the Russian Federation, in March 2018.
President Vladimir Putin (65) pledges to bolster incomes as he effectively kicks off his election campaign for a fourth term by assuring Russians that their economy is rebounding after the worst recession in two decades.
"Today, there are clear signs of recovery in the economy," Putin said at his annual press conference in Moscow, as he declares that domestic issues such as health, education, infrastructure and living standards will be his electoral priorities.
"Without any doubt, everything must be directed toward increasing citizens’ incomes."
President Vladimir Putin phones U.S. president Trump to thank him for the intelligence tip-off of a planned terror attack on Kazansky cathedral in St Petersburg. The U.S. warning allowed Russian law enforcement agencies to arrest the suspects before they could carry out their plans, the White House and Kremlin said.
In Moscow – British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, in meeting with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov, claims that there is abundant evidence of Russian interference in European and American elections, which Lavrov denied, claiming there had been no Russian attempts to derail the British democratic process via cyber hacking. Mr Lavrov criticised Britain for cutting off ties with the FSB security agency over the murder of Alexander Litvinenko in London, complaining that UK authorities had refused to hand over information in the case.
submarines have dramatically stepped up activity around undersea data cables in the North Atlantic, part of a more aggressive naval posture that has driven NATO to revive a Cold War-era command. The apparent Russian focus on the cables, which provide Internet and other communications connections to North America and Europe, could give the Kremlin the power to sever or tap into vital data lines. Russian submarine activity has increased to levels unseen since the Cold War, sparking hunts recently for the elusive watercraft.
A recent upsurge is Russian warships in UK waters results in Portsmouth-based HMS St Albans being sent to shadow the Admiral Gorshkov frigate in the North Sea.
Kremlin bars Aleksei A. Navalny, a Russian anticorruption activist, from running for president in March 2018. Then the following day, threatens legal action, it warns him against organizing a boycott of the election. The boycott warning came from Mr. Putin’s spokesman, and was issued the same day the president, who has been in power for almost 18 years, was formally nominated to seek a fourth term.
Over the past few years, Russian sea units have popped up all over the borders of Britain’s territorial waters. In January, three RAF Typhoon fighter jets and a British warship escorted a Russian aircraft carrier and other ships up the English Channel. In June 2016, the Royal Navy intercepted a Russian Kilo-class submarine, capable of carrying cruise missiles and torpedoes, after detecting it in the North Sea. Earlier this month, Britain’s most senior military officer also warned that –
Russia is posing a threat to undersea communications and internet cables.
US State Secretary Rex Tillerson calls Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to discuss the future. In addition to North Korea and Ukraine, the two diplomats discussed options on moving the stalled political process on Syria and the Moscow-proposed Syrian National Dialogue Congress in Sochi.
A huge explosion rocks a busy supermarket in St Petersburg, leaving at least 10 people injured. The blast happens in the Perekrestok supermarket in the northwest of the city, and shoppers flee in panic as emergency crews descend on the scene. It is thought a bomb packed with shrapnel exploded in a storage locker, and authorities are treating the explosion as a deliberate attempt to kill. One person is believed to be in a serious condition, while a further three were taken to hospital. Six more were treated at the scene, emergency service sources told Russian media.
It comes days after a foiled terror plot to target the city led to large quantities of explosives being seized.
See: December 17.
In spite of
United Nations sanctions, Russian tankers supply fuel to North Korea on at least three occasions (in October and November 2017) by transferring cargoes at sea, providing an economic lifeline to the secretive Communist state, but Russia's Foreign Ministry and the Russian Customs Service both decline to comment.
ship-to-ship transfers
of petrochemicals to
North Korean vessels
January: Russia’s attempts to influence British democracy and the potential vulnerability of parts of the UK political system to anti-democratic meddling during the EU referendum have been detailed in a report prepared by the US Senate. The report by Democrats on the Senate foreign relations committee, titled Putin’s asymmetric assault on democracy in Russia and Europe: implications for US national security, pinpoints the way in which UK campaign finance laws do not require disclosure of political donations if they are from "the beneficial owners of non-British companies that are incorporated in the EU and carry out business in the UK". This opacity, the report suggests, "may have enabled Russian-related money to be directed with insufficient scrutiny to various UK political actors". "Investigative journalists have also raised questions about the sources of sudden and possibly illicit wealth that may have been directed to support the Brexit ‘Leave’ campaign.” The UK Electoral Commission has already launched an investigation into the issue. The senators point out that Ukip and its then-leader, Nigel Farage, did not just fan anti-EU sentiment but also "criticised European sanctions on Russia, and provided flattering assessments of Russian President Putin".
The U.S. list
of wealthy Russians &
offshore investigations
Russian President Vladimir Putin praises North Korea's leader Kim Jong-Un as a "mature politician" with a formidable arsenal,
but also urges him to defuse international tensions over Pyongyang's controversial nuclear programme.
"I believe Mr Kim Jong-Un has won this round," Putin tells Russian journalists. "He has achieved his strategic task – he has a nuclear warhead, and a global-range missile with a range of up to 13,000 kilometres (8,000 miles), which can now reach practically any point of the globe, at any rate any point on the territory of its potential enemy."
With Alexei Navalny disqualified, long-time reformer (65, Jewish liberal economist) Grigory Yavlinsky is the most well-known figure running against re-election of Russian leader Putin.
Russia mocks the British defence secretary over his warning that an attack by the country could kill "thousands" of Brits, comparing it to a sketch from classic comedy series Monty Python. Conservative minister Gavin Williamson has "lost his grasp on reason," Russian Defence Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said on Friday, according to Russian news agency Tass. "His fears about Russia getting pictures of power plants and studying the routes of British pipelines are worthy of a comic plot or a Monty Python’s Flying Circus sketch."
Anti-corruption blogger Alexei Anatolievich Navalny mobilized two waves of protests in dozens of cities In Russia last year, incensed at the reported wealth of government officials under Putin’s protection. As Putin announced last month he is seeking re-election in March’s presidential vote, Navalny has repeatedly called for a boycott at the ballot boxes in a bid to cast doubt on the legitimacy of Putin’s campaign by lowering turnout. Now,Russian President Vladimir Putin’s most prominent critic has been arrested on the day of nationwide protests against the leader’s bid to stay in office for at least another six years. While Navalny is regularly arrested at his rallies, police went a step further in the early afternoon on Sunday, forcing their way into Navalny’s office and detaining six members of his team in a raid, according to independent monitoring group OVD-Info. Protests gripped not only Moscow but Russia’s second most important city, St. Petersburg, as well as cities in the country’s east. "They are the future of Russia," Navalny tweeted with a photo of two young protesters. "Putin and his band of thieves are her past."
Changes to Russian laws on public protests under Putin have proven a sticking point between Navalny and the Kremlin, as he is persistently blocked
from assembling crowds in Moscow for reasons he has branded unconstitutional.
(leader of the
Progress Party from
November 2013)
spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the president had tasked ministers with organising an alternative competition for those banned from the 2018 Games. The 23rd Winter Olympics will open in Pyeongchang, South Korea, on February 9, featuring 102 events in 15 sports and athletes from all over the world. Speaking to the athletes, Putin reiterated his complaint that the ban against Russia was politically motivated.
The lifetime ban of 28 Russian athletes for 2014 drug use is reversed by the Court of Arbitration.
5: Russia challenges U.S. compliance with a key nuclear arms control treaty and warns that the Trump administration's new nuclear strategy lowers the threshold for using atomic weapons.
Russia is accelerating a military buildup on islands claimed by Japan, threatening to blow a hole in Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s efforts to lure President Vladimir Putin into settling the dispute.
The government in Tokyo lodged a formal protest after 2,000 Russian troops held military exercises last week on the four islands, called the Southern Kurils in Russia and the Northern Territories in Japan.
A few days before, Russia paved the way for its first military airbase in the area. Russia’s twin strikes came as diplomats from both countries met February 6 to discuss joint economic development of the territories.
Prime Minister Abe the next day marked Japan’s annual "Northern Territories Day" with a pledge
that he and Putin would resolve the "abnormal" lack of a peace treaty after World War II.
President Putin appeals to Israel's prime minister Netanyahu to de-escalate tensions with Syria.
The U.S. Navy deploys the guided-missile destroyer Carney to join the destroyer Ross in the Black Sea in a move that U.S. military officials say is intended to "desensitize" Russia to the presence of American military assets in the strategically important region. The deployment of the Carney marks the first time in four years that two American destroyers have operated in the Black Sea outside of scheduled exercises.
The move comes as Russia continues to militarize Crimea, the peninsula it seized from Ukraine in 2014.
1: Standing before a fiery video simulation of nuclear warheads raining down on the U.S. state of Florida, Russian President Vladimir Putin declares Moscow ready to deliver a swift response to American military aggression. He also reveals an arsenal of four new nuclear weapons that are under development and designed to render American defenses "useless."
Fielding quick-fire questions from supporters in Russia's European enclave of Kaliningrad, President Vladimir Putin is asked what Russian historical event he would like to change. He answers that he would reverse the collapse of the Soviet Union if he had a chance to alter modern Russian history.

See more detail
in KGB page
In Salisbury, UK – Russian Colonel Sergei Skripal is hospitalised after being poisoned (probably with Fentanyl). Colonel Skripal was jailed in August 2006 for treason in Russia for reportedly working with British foreign intelligence agency MI6 and sentenced to 13-years in prison. Russian prosecutors said he had been paid $100,000 (£72,000) by MI6 for information he had been supplying since the 1990s when he was a serving officer. It was alleged that he disclosed the names of several dozen Russian agents working in Europe, but was allowed to leave for the UK in a spy swap in July 2010. Land Registry documents show his house was registered in his real name and was bought for £260,000 with no mortgage on 12 August 2011, just over a year after the spy swap.
Sergei Skripal, 66, was one of four Russians exchanged for 10 deep cover “sleeper” agents planted by Moscow in the US. Sergei Skripal remains in critical condition in intensive care, under supervision of experts from Public Health England's Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards. Skripal’s sudden and unexplained illness invites comparison with the poisoning in 2006 of another Russian spy, Alexander Litvinenko. Litvinenko.

Probably poisoned
with fentanyl,
which can be fatal
in small doses.
Vladimir Putin is still widely popular in Russia and is all but guaranteed to win the presidential election this coming week with a landslide. In part this is because over almost two decades in power he has cracked down on dissent and consolidated Kremlin control over the media. The president's most vocal opponent Alexei Navalny is also barred from appearing on the election ballot on March 18 owing to a 'criminal conviction'. Putin often frames negative foreign coverage of his leadership as a sign that Russia is under attack from a West uncomfortable with the country's new global role.
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson and Home Secretary Amber Rudd have agreed to introduce a British version of the US "Magnitsky Act", The American legislation, passed in 2012, is designed to punish Russian officials involved in the death in custody of the lawyer Sergei Magnitsky while he was investigating official corruption. It has since been extended to apply worldwide, with the US authorities publishing a list of "gross violators of human rights" who are subject to subject to asset freezes and visa bans.
to the West he is public enemy number one: snatching land from his neighbours, interfering in foreign elections and unveiling weapons that he says render Washington's missile defence systems obsolete. But despite — or because of — his reputation abroad, Vladimir Putin is still widely popular in Russia and is all but guaranteed to win a presidential election this week with a landslide.
In part this is because over almost two decades in power he has cracked down on dissent and consolidated Kremlin control over the media.
For millions of Russians, however, Putin is the man who brought stability after the political and economic chaos of the 1990s, as well as restoring Moscow's standing on the world stage following the humiliating collapse of the Soviet Union.
Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May has given Vladimir Putin 24 hours (until midnight Tuesday) to explain how a deadly Russian nerve agent Novichok was used in an assassination attempt on British soil, as she said it is "highly likely" Moscow was responsible. She has vowed Britain will pursue "extensive measures" unless a credible account can be given as to how military-grade novichok nerve agent developed by Russia was deployed in the UK,
hospitalising a Russian ex-spy Sergei Skripal, his daughter Yulia and a British policeman.
A Russian exile, Nikolai Glushkov (68), who was close friends with the late oligarch Boris Berezovsky (murdered by Russian agents in the UK) has been found dead in his London home. In the 1990s, Glushkov worked for the state airline Aeroflot and Berezovsky’s LogoVAZ car company.
In 1999, as Berezovsky fell out with Vladimir Putin and fled to the UK, Glushkov was charged with money-laundering and fraud.
He spent five years in jail and was freed in 2004.
In recent years, Glushkov had lived in London, where he received political asylum. In 2011, he gave evidence at the court case brought by Berezovsky against fellow oligarch Roman Abramovich, who remained on good terms with the Kremlin. Glushkov told the court he had effectively been taken "hostage" by Putin’s administration, which wanted to pressure Berezovsky to sell his TV station ORT. 
A deadline has passed for Vladimir Putin to explain Moscow's alleged use of a chemical weapon in Salisbury, with the UK and Russia seemingly at a stalemate.
Meanwhile, the UK's broadcasting regulator Ofcom has written to the Russian state-owned television channel RT as part of an investigation to assess if it is fit and proper to hold a broadcast licence. In a statement, it said: "This letter explained that, should the UK investigating authorities determine that there was an unlawful use of force by the Russian State against the UK, we would consider this relevant to our ongoing duty to be satisfied that RT is fit and proper."
Russia has confirmed it will expel British diplomats over "insane" allegations of spy poisoning by the UK. Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov confirms the retaliatory move after Theresa May declared yesterday she was banishing more than 20 of Russia's diplomats.
No exact date for the expulsions has been set but Mr Lavrov told Sputnik it would take place "soon".
Russia announces the expulsion of 23 British diplomats in a tit-for-tat move following London's response to a nerve agent attack against a Russian former double agent in England.
Western powers are showing growing exasperation and anger at Russia’s Vladimir Putin with a new round of U.S. sanctions and condemnations over hacking, a nerve-agent attack in England and the carnage from the regime he backs in Syria. But none of that is likely to deter – or humble – Putin, who’s already under multinational sanctions for intervening in Ukraine. Europe is showing little appetite for piling on new economic penalties, and the Russian president has shown that shrugging off criticism only helps as he campaigns for re-election as the tough guy who stands up for his country.
Vladimir Putin obtains more than 73.9% of the vote in the Russian presidential election according to exit polls.
Vladimir Putin, Russia’s longest-serving ruler since Joseph Stalin, has surprised no one with his landslide re-election. While his victory, in which he claimed 73.9 percent of the vote according to state-run exit polls, was a foregone conclusion, the Kremlin was reportedly anxious about turnout, and conducted an elaborate, well-financed get-out-the-vote campaign. For an authoritarian regime in which election results and turnout are pre-ordained, such concerns may seem odd. But even in Russia’s “managed democracy,” appearances still matter, and the Kremlin needed to present believably high levels of support to ensure Putin’s mandate. Shortly after polling centers closed on Sunday night, Putin appeared to be on target to achieve the desired 65 percent turnout.
The Russian president won over three-quarter of the votes and secured a fourth term in office (for a six-year period). His opponents – Pavel Grudinin and Vladimir Zhirinovsky – won 11.77 percent and 5.65 percent, respectively.
even more important for Putin is that this election marked the culmination of his nearly two-decades-long project to control information in Russia and manipulate Russian society. Now, Putin has proven beyond any doubt that the Russia he has built is his and his alone.
Russia’s election abounded with iPhone raffles, costumes and games. In eastern Moscow, a clown helped drum up excitement, while concerts and fireworks gave grand finales to the closing of the polls. These Soviet-style strategies worked. Vladimir Putin cruised to victory with a commanding 76 percent of the vote for his fourth term as president of Russia. He is not slated to leave office until 2024. Over 67 percent of the population, or 55 million Russians, turned out for an election whose outcome was determined months in advance. The vast majority of these voters cast their ballot for Putin.
Putin's spokesman has accused the UK of "asking questions but being unprepared for the answers" after the British ambassador (Laurie Bristow) decided to snub a meeting with Russian officials over the poisoning of Colonel Sergei Skripal in the UK.
Dmitry Peskov said the decision was "an eloquent example of the absurd situation".
Moscow has announced it would eject UK diplomats, shut down the British consulate in St Petersburg, and force the British Council to stop all activities in Russia. The Russian foreign ministry also warned of potential further measures if Britain takes any more "unfriendly actions" against Russia.
Johnson (UK Foreign Secretary) has compared the upcoming World Cup in Moscow to the Olympic Games under Hitler amid escalating tensions over the poisoning of a former Russian spy Colonel Skripal and his daughter Yulia in the UK.
The deaths of several members of the so-called "Wagner Group" in Syria last month (February 2018) shone a light on Russian President Vladimir Putin's mysterious private army Moscow is using there. Questions had already been raised on its role in the Syrian conflict and intensified when Washington said on February 7 it had killed at least 100 pro-regime troops in Deir ez-Zor. After days of silence, Moscow now acknowledges five Russian nationals were killed and "dozens" wounded in the attack, saying they all were in Syria "on their own initiative." Various media outlets have reported up to 200 fatalities and the group of Russian investigative bloggers known as the Conflict Intelligence Team (CIT) has established the identities of dozens of them –
all members of the Wagner Group.
March 23:
Eleven EU countries are to boot out Russian spies following the Salisbury spy attack. Russian intelligence agents and diplomatic officials will be expelled next week after the assassination bid the French President Emmanuel Macron branded an "attack on European sovereignty". The number of countries responding to the UK’s call for action is also expected to rise in the coming weeks. Member states understood to be preparing to oust diplomats include –
France, Germany, Poland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Denmark.
Donald Trump of America has expelled 60 Russian diplomats as punishment for the Salisbury poisoning and to protect the country from spying. Donald Tusk, president of the EU council, has announced that 14 member states have decided to expel Russian diplomats. Some 48 diplomats at the UK Russian embassy have been asked to leave and 12 Russians who work at the United Nations. The Russian consulate in Seattle will also be closed.
  United States: 60 Russian diplomats expelled, Russian consulate in Seattle closed
  Canada: Four expelled, three applications for additional diplomatic staff being denied
  Ukraine: 13 Russian diplomats expelled
  Germany, France, Poland: Four Russian diplomats expelled from each country
  Czech Republic, Lithuania: Three Russian diplomats expelled from each
  Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Albania: Two Russian diplomats expelled from each
  Sweden, Croatia, Romania, Finland, Estonia: One Russian diplomat expelled from each
  Latvia: One Russian diplomat expelled, plus one Russian representative of a Russian company blacklisted
"This unfriendly step by this group of countries won’t pass without impact and we will respond," Russia’s Foreign Ministry said in a website statement, accusing the U.K.’s allies of "blindly following the principle of Euro-Atlantic unity."
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov called the moves “mistaken” and said Russia’s response "will be guided by the principle of reciprocity."
President Vladimir Putin will make the final decision on retaliation, he said.
"Relations are crashing worse than they did in the Cold War," said Fyodor Lukyanov, head of Russia’s Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, a research group that advises the Kremlin. "This kind of multilateral expulsion is unprecedented."
"If you look for similarities with what is happening, it is not the Cold War that can explain events but Russia’s first revolutionary regime," which regularly assassinated opponents abroad, said Mr. Kurilla, a historian at the European University at St. Petersburg. He said that Russia’s president, Vladimir V. Putin, had no interest in spreading a new ideology and fomenting world revolution, unlike the early Bolsheviks,
but that Russia under Mr. Putin had "become a revolutionary regime in terms of international relations."
Russia tests a new nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile that its president, Vladimir Putin, says can defeat any US missile defenses amid growing talk of an arms race with the US and President Donald Trump.The test follows Putin spending much of his State of the Nation address on March 1 hyping up and showing animations of new nuclear weapons systems Russia has under development. He claimed they can all defeat US missile defenses.
But an arms race requires two to tango, and Trump has also been vocal about establishing US nuclear supremacy. The US also recently conducted a routine test of its Trident II submarine-launched ballistic missile,
that experts fear has become too accurate and thus spooked Russia.
At the height of the Cold War, for instance, the US alone had 30,000 nuclear weapons, with Russia holding a similar number. As the Soviet Union collapsed and a climate of reconciliation allowed for arms control, that number dropped down to today's total of approximately 6,800 nuclear weapons in the US, and 7,000 in Russia. But even with today's limited stockpiles, the US or Russia could both single-handedly destroy almost all life on earth.
The risk of miscalculation runs high, and even the best maintained nuclear-arsenal is prone to accidents.
faces mass expulsions of its diplomatic staff around the world, with more than 150 sent back from 25 countries, and NATO. Britain's ambassador to Russia was been summoned to the country's foreign ministry for talks - as were ambassadors from other nations, including Germany, Italy, Poland and France.
The UK had been given one month to cut its diplomatic mission to Russia to the same size as the Russian mission to Britain.
Furious at what it described as an anti-Russian campaign orchestrated by Washington and London, the Kremlin exceeded an equivalent response to the United States and ordered the closing of the American Consulate in St. Petersburg, Russia’s second-largest city. The consulate is bigger and far more important to relations than the Russian Consulate in Seattle, which the Trump administration ordered closed on Monday as part of its expulsion decree.
The British Foreign Office said it is considering Russia’s request for consular access to Yulia Skripal as a fresh row develops over why British authorities searched a Russian aircraft travelling from Moscow to London on Friday.
In Britain – Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Hillier says the RAF is at its busiest for generations and must modernise if it is not to lose its edge over other states. His comments come as the RAF on Sunday April 1 commemorates 100 years since it was formed at the tail end of the First World War by the amalgamation of the The Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
RAF 'needs more money and people' to combat Russia, air force chief warns.
April 1:
In Britain – Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson blasts the "cold-blooded chemical attack" on ex-spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia as he declares
the world has "entered a new era of warfare".
"We're not simply dealing with the toll of international terror... we're having to counter rising state-based dangers and react to growing global instability." He highlighted China, Iran and North Korea before adding: "Then there is President Putin
He is using more hybrid capabilities to subvert, undermine, and influence countries around the world.
"I think we are only now awakening to the nature of the challenge from Russia," says Robert Dalsjo, deputy research director at the government-sponsored Swedish Defence Research Agency, or FOI. Responding to Russia with any effect will require a broad strategy, targeting the offshore wealth of Putin and his closest oligarchs, as well as offsetting its military presence in Eastern Europe, around Poland and the Baltics, its cyber campaigns and government-sponsored fake news. "In order to contain those desires, and defend the order created after the fall of the Berlin Wall, we need to do much more," Dalsjo says. "This was just a scrimmage in that fight."
Vladimir Putin says he wants an inquiry into the Salisbury nerve agent attack, citing a Sky News interview with the boss of Porton Down. The Russian president also says Moscow would demand to be part of such an investigation.
The Russian embassy to the UK has congratulated Yulia Skripal on her recovery from a nerve agent attack that Britain and an array of Western allies blamed on Russia. Yulia Skripal was released from hospital on Tuesday after she and her father, a former Russian double agent, were poisoned in Salisbury in southern England last month. Sergei Skripal, a former colonel in Russian military intelligence, was convicted of selling Russian state secrets to Britain in 2006. He was traded to Britain in a high-profile spy swap four years later.
ambassador to Lebanon says any US missiles fired at Syria would be shot down and the launch sites targeted, a step which could trigger a major escalation in the Syrian war. Alexander Zasypkin, in comments broadcast on Tuesday evening, said he was referring to a statement by Russian Fedration president Vladimir Putin and the Russian chief-of-staff. Russia has vowed to shoot down any US missiles aimed at Syria using its lethal anti-aircraft system amid mounting tensions between Moscow and Washington.
Syrian dictator al-Assad's regime is protected by fearsome S-400 defence missiles in a 'ring of steel' around the country provided by the Kremlin.
says any secret resettlement of poisoned double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia will be considered an abduction or "forced isolation". Russia's embassy in London made the statement just hours after it was confirmed Ms Yulia Skripal, 33, had been released from hospital after her condition rapidly improved. Her 66-year-old father Sergei, who was a spy for Russia's military, remains in hospital, but is said to be making "good progress" after being exposed to a military-grade nerve agent. The Russian embassy said the possibility of the pair being given secret new identities overseas would be seen as "an abduction of the two Russian nationals".
The poisoning of the Skripals prompted nearly 30 countries to expel more than 150 Russian diplomats
in solidarity with the UK after it blamed Russia for poisoning the family.
The US and Russia come significantly closer to a direct clash over Syria on Wednesday when Donald Trump fired off an incendiary tweet that tellsMoscow to "get ready" for incoming US missiles, which the Russian military has vowed to shoot down. A standoff over a poison gas attack on a rebel-held suburb of Damascus on Saturday has since spiraled into the most dangerous confrontation between the two nuclear-armed powers since the height of the cold war, driven by Vladimir Putin’s uncompromising backing for the Assad regime in Damascus and the volatility of the US president.
American President Trump's decision to launch air strikes in response to last Saturday’s chemical weapons attack in a rebel-held district of Damascus is fraught with risks. There are Russian and Iranian forces in bases across Syrian and substantial Russian air defences in the west of the country.
Russian officials have threatened to use those defences against any attack
Twelve American warships
approach the Syrian coast.
Russian court on Friday orders that access to the Telegram messenger service should be blocked in Russia, Russian news agencies report, heralding communication disruption for scores of users – including government officials. The decision comes a week after Russia's state communication watchdog filed a lawsuit to limit access to Telegram messaging app following the company's refusal to give Russian state security services access to its users messages.
Pavel Durov, founder of the Telegram, had repeatedly said his company would not hand over encryption keys to Russian authorities
as it does not share confidential user data with anyone.
In Britain – Intelligence officers at GCHQ and the Ministry of Defence are on standby to hit back if the Kremlin wages cyber warfare. It is feared vital transport systems, water supplies, gas networks, banks, hospitals and even air traffic control could be hacked by Russia in response to the assault on Bashar al-Assad’s chemical weapons facilities in Syria.
May 6:
In Moscow — If Vladimir Putin fulfills the goals he's set for his new six-year term as president, Russia in 2024 will be far advanced in new technologies and artificial intelligence, many of its notoriously poor roads will be improved, and its people will be living significantly longer. There's wide doubt about how much of that he'll achieve, if any of it. Analysts assessing the prospects of his term that begins with Monday's inauguration often use the expression "neo-stagnation." And less than half of the population really trusts him, according to a state polling agency. Putin won the new term, which will extend his rule in Russia to a quarter-century if he completes it, with an official tally of 77 percent of the vote in March.
Although there were complaints of ballot-stuffing and other violations, his support was clearly high. Yet, when state pollster VTsIOM asked Russians a month later which politician they trusted to solve the country's problems, only 47 percent chose Putin.
against Vladimir Putin have taken place across Russia ahead of his inauguration for a fourth presidential term, with more than 1,200 people arrested. Police removed Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny from a rally in Moscow's Pushkin Square, carrying him off by his arms and legs. Officers used batons against protesters, with many in the crowd chanting "Putin is a thief!" and "Russia will be free!" Part of St Petersburg's famous avenue Nevsky Prospekt was blocked off by police as a crowd of roughly 1,000 demonstrators marched through the city. The country's interior ministry said about half of the 1,200 arrests happened in Moscow, but monitoring group OVD-Info put the number at more than 1,600 across 20 cities.
Mr Putin, 65, was re-elected in a landslide victory in March 2018 – extending his grip over the world's largest country until 2024.
He has been in power, either as president or prime minister, since 2000.
May 7:
In Moscow – Vladimir Putin is been sworn in for his fourth term as president of Russia at a ceremony in the Grand Kremlin Palace in Moscow.
Mr Putin has been in power in Russia since 1999, whether as prime minister or president,
and is Russia's longest-serving leader since Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.
After winning a landslide victory in March 2018, Mr Putin (65), is expected to continue to control Russia until at least 2024, despite protests on Saturday amid a crackdown on encrypted messaging app Telegram. Supporters see Mr Putin as a father-of-the-nation figure who has restored national pride and expanded Moscow's global power.
annexation of Crimea and Mr Putin's support for Syria's Assad, as well as the use of the Novicok chemical weapon it manufactured in an attempted assassination in Salisbury in the UK, have resulted in sanctions against the country. Mr Putin's inauguration comes ahead of Russia hosting the World Cup 2018 this summer. In a widely expected win in March, Mr Putin secured more than 76.66% of the vote and a turnout of 67.47%, the Central Election Commission said.
Medvedev, who has held onto the post of Russian prime minister, served a single term as president before standing aside to allow Vladimir Putin's return to the Kremlin in 2012, becoming a premier with diminishing powers and authority. While president, Medvedev attempted to launch a campaign of modernisation to pull the country out of its post-Soviet stagnation but never escaped the shadow of his dominant mentor. Putin opted for continuity in choosing a prime minister for his fourth Kremlin term, after the Russian press had recently reported Medvedev could be on his way out. "Dmitry Medvedev has held on," Vedomosti business daily headlined its front page after Putin proposed his candidacy to parliament, while RBK daily called him a "premier for stability." Medvedev was absent during Putin's low-key presidential campaign but remains resolutely loyal to his mentor. First named prime minister by Putin after the strongman's return to the Kremlin in a notorious 2012 job swap, Medvedev has played a relatively marginal role in the post in recent years.
Putin doesn’t have much to show for years of decrying the “dollar monopoly” that allows the U.S. to act like a “parasite” on the global economy. Now he has to contend with a deepening standoff with the U.S. after the latest round of sanctions in April ripped through Russia’s currency and stocks and cut off a major company’s access to Western financial markets.When it comes to diversifying Russia’s reserves, Putin did have a point. In recent years, the central bank added holdings of yuan as well as Canadian and Australian dollars, which together made up almost 7 percent of the total at the end of last year. It’s also been buying gold, bringing its fraction to over 17 percent in 2017. What’s more, the dollar’s share in the global reserves is still far ahead of Russia’s at almost 63 percent in the fourth quarter of 2017, according to the International Monetary Fund. The euro accounted for about 20 percent, a level that may not be too far off for Russia.
May 15:
President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday opens a $4 billion bridge directly linking Russia to Crimea, giving him a propaganda victory that drew condemnation from the West and serves as the latest demonstration of his personalized system of power. 
Putin, clad in jeans and a jacket, walked on the Russian end of the 12-mile-long, four-lane bridge alongside the business mogul who built it — Arkady Rotenberg, the president’s former judo partner. Then Putin took the wheel and drove over the Kerch Strait of the Black Sea in an orange Kamaz dump truck — manufactured by a state-owned company headed by Sergey Chemezov, Putin’s KGB colleague in East Germany in the 1980s.
Both Rotenberg and Chemezov are under U.S. sanctions. 
Starting Wednesday morning May 16, up to 40,000 passenger cars a day are able to cross the bridge, drastically reducing the time it takes Russians to reach Crimea, which until now was accessible from Russia only by plane or ferry.
Ukraine and the West slammed the bridge opening as illegal. The bridge, constructed without Kiev’s consent, "constitutes another violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity by Russia," an E.U. spokesman said in a statement. State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert called on Russia not to impede passing ships bound for other parts of Ukraine. "I am confident that the aggressor will not succeed and will bear responsibility in full,"
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said on Facebook, referring to Russia. "The invaders will need the bridge when they have to urgently leave our Crimea." The West and much of the rest of the world do not recognize the annexation as legitimate. But to many Russians, Putin’s "return" of the popular vacation destination remains his crowning achievement.
In 1954, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had transferred control of Crimea from Russia to Ukraine.
It also demonstrated, his supporters say, Putin’s uncompromising push to put Russian interests first and stand up to Western hegemony. 
President Putin meets with Al Assad of Syria in Black Sea resort city of Sochi and describes the Syrian rebels as "terrorists".
In the UK – a report by the Commons Foreign Affairs Committee has demandedThe British government should impose sweeping sanctions on oligarchs and officials close to Vladimir Putin and apply punitive laws to counter the “full spectrum of the offensive measures” being used by Russia, "The use of London as a base for the corrupt assets of Kremlin-connected individuals is now clearly linked to a wider Russian strategy and has implications for our national security: combating it should be a major UK foreign policy priority," claim the MPs. The report, "Moscow’s Gold: Russian Corruption in the UK", accuses the British government of failing to follow up condemnation of Kremlin aggression with credible action. "The robust rhetoric from the prime minister following the attempted murder of Sergei Skripal and his daughter" it says “has been undermined by the 'business as usual' sign hanging on the UK’s front door’."
By the end of Putin’s annual investment showcase that kicks off in his native St. Petersburg on Thursday 24, the leaders of four of the world’s 10 largest economies — Japan, Germany, France and India — will have flown into Russia for separate talks with the Kremlin boss within the course of a week. Putin will also host a new point man for foreign policy in China, Vice President Wang Qishan, and International Monetary Fund Director Christine Lagarde.
A British businessman branded a "serial killer" by Russian President Vladimir Putin is dramatically arrested in Spain this morning. Bill Browder, who has previously said he fears for his life because of his criticism of the Russian government, was arrested on an Interpol warrant in Madrid. He posted a defiant message on Twitter after he was released just over an hour later, accusing Russia of "abusing" Interpol.
A Spanish police insider told Reuters that the warrant was no longer valid, but did not explain why.
The 54-year-old Browder has led a campaign calling for justice after his Russian lawyer, Sergei Magnitsky, died in prison after uncovering a huge fraud believed to involve Russian officials. He has also testified to the US Senate Judiciary Committee about alleged Russian interference in the 2016 US Presidential election. After his release he wrote in a Twitter post: "Ironically, the reason I’m in Madrid is to give evidence to senior Spanish anti Russian mafia prosecutor Jose Grinda about the huge amount of money from the Magnitsky case that flowed to Spain. Now that I’m released my mission carries on. Meeting with Prosector Grinda now."
British Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson states that Britain must strengthen it military defences against Russia, after its Royal Airforce was activated 33 times in the year against Russian military encroachment on the uK borders.
Grigory Rodchenkov (in witness protection in the U.S.) says that his former boss, Vitaly Mutko, the former Russian sports minister and head of the Russian Football Union, had told him "not to touch" footballers and to make sure that none were ever punished for doping, to make sure there was "no noise", especially connected to the national team. Rodchenkov said that most doping for footballers would involve corticosteroids.
On the very day Mrs May was firmly pointing a finger at Vladimir Putin over the Salisbury murder bid, a former Kremlin aide’s wife ploughed the cash into the Tory party’s coffers. And Lubov Chernukhin gave a further £50,000 to the Conservatives as police investigated the assassination attempt on Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia – bringing the total donated in the two weeks after the poisoning to £100,000.
Lubov’s husband Vladimir is Putin’s former deputy finance minister.
June 6:
"For Putin, hosting the World Cup speaks to the failure of sanctions and the failure of Western efforts to isolate him," says Professor Sergei Medvedev, of Moscow's Higher School of Economics, referring to Western sanctions first imposed on Russia after it annexed Crimea from Ukraine in 2014. Thirty-two teams will compete in the June 14 to July 15 tournament, being hosted in Russia for the first time in World Cup history, at an official cost of 683 billion rubles ($11 billion). A senior Russian government official, who declined to be named because he was not authorized to speak to the media, said the tournament was the latest in a series of events which showed Western attempts to isolate Russia were breaking down.
Arron Banks was secretly in regular contact with Russian officials from 2015 to 2017, according to a cache of emails apparently not seen in those Transatlantic investigations until they were published in Britain on Sunday, June 10. Banks, who ran the Leave.EU campaign group, was one of the first foreign political figures to visit Donald Trump – accompanying Nigel Farage to Trump Tower – soon after the shock presidential election of 2016. Farage is reportedly a "person of interest" in the FBI’s Trump-Russia investigation.
Vladimir Putin has invited Kim Jong Un to Russia in September following his meeting with US President Donald Trump. The Russian leader had a meeting with North Korean official Kim Yong Nam, in which he passed an invitation for Mr Kim to visit later in 2018. Kim Yong Nam is the head of the presidium of North Korea's Supreme Assembly.
In Norway – The U.S. Marine Corp (Rotational Force-Europe 18) increases its presence from 300 to 700 in cold-weather training and as a deterrent against a possile Russian attack. The Corps has been storing gear in a series of caves in Norway to equip a Marine Air-Ground Task Force if a war were to break out on the European continent.
In the fall, Norway will host one the largest NATO exercises known as Trident Juncture. The exercise will involve up to 40,000 participants.
July 6:
Kremlin officials are in intense negotiations with their counterparts in Washington to strike at least one deal they hope will let President Donald Trump tout his summit with Vladimir Putin as a triumph that justifies steps to repair relations. At the top of the list for the July 16 meeting in Helsinki, Finland, is Iran’s role in Syria, an issue that Moscow is simultaneously negotiating with Tehran, a senior Russian official said on condition of anonymity because he’s not authorized to comment on the record. Putin has agreed in principle to U.S. and Israeli demands that Iranian-backed forces in southern Syria be kept away from Israel’s border, replaced with troops loyal to the government in Damascus, two Kremlin advisers said.
Kremlin officials are in intense negotiations with their counterparts in Washington to strike at least one deal they hope will let President Donald Trump tout his summit with Vladimir Putin as a triumph that justifies steps to repair relations. At the top of the list for the July 16 meeting in Helsinki, Finland, is Iran’s role in Syria, an issue that Moscow is simultaneously negotiating with Tehran, a senior Russian official said on condition of anonymity because he’s not authorized to comment on the record. Putin has agreed in principle to U.S. and Israeli demands that Iranian-backed forces in southern Syria be kept away from Israel’s border, replaced with troops loyal to the government in Damascus, two Kremlin advisers said.
In Helsinki, Finland – A summit is scheduled for Russian President Vladimir Putin and U.S. President Donald Trump to meet for discussion on world issues. Trump's National Security Adviser John Bolton has held talks with Russian officials in Moscow to lay the groundwork for the summit.
Putin visits Johannesburg in South Africa to attend the BRICS summit (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) of its five prticipating countries.
Russia’s Federal Security Service, the FSB, is preventing millions of Russians from going abroad. Its own officers have been told "nevyezdnye" (no foreign travel), and earlier this year it announced stricter border controls for those who want to leave the country, citing the “changed geopolitical situation.” Several million Russians currently are banned, specifically, from travel to the United States, and more than two million cannot leave the country at all. The number of Russian citizens on so-called “stop lists” and state employees obliged to stay put after signing secrecy agreements ia growing rapidly.So is concern among Russian elite that a new Iron Curtain, reminiscent of travel restrictions during Soviet times, has begun to descend. Gennady Gudkov, a former officer with the Soviet KGB/FSB, predecessor of Russia’s FSB, blames a combination of wildly overblown security concerns and worries about the massive, ongoing brain drain. That the Kremlin would ban travel for millions of personnel from the army, the police, and anyone who might have access to secret information “is a sign of increasingly extreme paranoia,”
Russian navy will get a total of 26 new ships in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced this week at a reception honoring Moscow’s fleet. In raw numbers, the Russian navy is adding ships faster than the U.S. and Chinese navies are doing. Putin is preparing for a naval war. But the kind of war Putin is preparing for might not be the same kind of war the United States expects. At one level, Russia’s official shipbuilding numbers are deceptive. Putin included small boats and support vessels in his tally – ship types the U.S. Navy, for one, rarely bothers to include when it counts its own warships.
politics is currently dominated by a slate of controversial pension reforms introduced by Putin’s government in response to a looming budget crisis. The proposed change, which would raise the retirement age from 60 to 65 for men and from 55 to 63 for women, is deeply unpopular. In some parts of the country, average life expectancy is below the new pension ages.
According to the Levada Center, Russia’s most reliable polling agency, 89% of Russians oppose the reform and only 8% support it.
More than three million people signed a petition against the measures,
as tens of thousands have joined protests organized by the usually torpid Communist Party in the past month.
After staying quiet on the reform for weeks, Putin, in a singularly unconvincing response, blamed his government, and said he himself wasn’t happy with the measures. But no one seems to be buying it. Even state polling agency VTsIOM said public trust in him has plummeted to 37%.
The problem for Putin is that he is caught in a trap largely of his own making. His failure to diversify the economy in the times of plenty during the 2000s and his neglect of the rule of law—crucial for both foreign investment and domestic entrepreneurship—as well as the impact of his adventurism abroad all leave Russia poorly positioned to respond to new pressures.
September 6:
Theresa May has vowed that Britain will wage an international campaign to disrupt the Russian GRU spy agency behind the deadly Salisbury Novichok attack. She said the UK would use its full range of security services to expose its "malign activity" and "dismantle its networks", after revealing how two of its agents were behind the chemical weapons incident.
Britain announces charges in absentia on Wednesday 5 against two men believed to be officers with Russia’s military intelligence service, known as the GRU. Theresa May said the men flew into Britain in March to try and murder Sergei Skripal, a former GRU officer who sold secrets to MI6, and accused the Russian government of orchestrating the operation.
Scotland Yard said the alleged secret agents travelled to Britain under the names of Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov, which were probably aliases.
The Kremlin has described the allegations as unacceptable and denies that any Russian officials were involved.
The British prime minister Teresa May informs MPs that the assassination attempt by the two Russian agents ('Petrov' and 'Boshirov') was not a rogue operation but was approved at a senior level (Putin) of the Russian state.
Documents uncovered by investigative journalists provide the first public evidence that the suspects in the Salisbury novichok attack have formal ties to the Russian ministry of defence.
British authorities have charged Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov (an investigation by the organisation Bellingcat has revealed his real name is Anatoliy Vladimirovich Chepiga). with conspiracy to murder Sergei and Yulia Skripal and Detective Sergeant Nick Bailey. The former Russian spy and his daughter were found collapsed on 4 March; the police officer fell ill after trying to help them. Prosecutors say Petrov and Boshirov work for Russian military intelligence, which President Vladimir Putin has denied.
But a passport information dossier for one of the two suspects bears a "top secret" marking and a telephone number with the order "Do not give information". The number, called by the Observer on Saturday 15, links to a reception desk at the Russian defence ministry, where a clerk said he would not speak with journalists or provide any information.
Scotland Yard has said that they believe Petrov and Boshirov to be pseudonyms and that the men’s real identities have been covered up by the Russian government.
Military jets from the UK and France are sent to monitor the Russian Blackjacks long-range bombers on Thursday.
Today, Moscow announces it would supply Syria with a sophisticated S-300 air-defense system over explicit Israeli reservations. The announcement comes one week after Syria shot down a Russian Ilyushin-20 over the Mediterranean, killing 15 Russian military personnel. Syrian defenses had been targeting Israeli fighter jets that had bombed a Syrian facility from which weapons-manufacturing systems were about to be transferred to Hezbollah, the Shia militia group, at Iran’s behest; Russia, for its part, blamed the incident on Israel. The incident illustrated the complicated alliances in Syria’s seven-year-long conflict, and how quickly they can unravel as Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian leader, looks set to remain his country’s president for the near future.
October 7:
The former head of Britain's MI6 warns that Russia is a "violent country" and assassinations are part of the country’s "political DNA". Sir Richard Dearlove, who retired from the security services in 2004, made the claim as he predicts that espionage from the Kremlin would never stop.
His warning comes after it emerged that the identity of the second suspect in the Salisbury nerve agent attack
would be revealed in the Houses of Parliament next week.
The Russian military doctor exposed as the second agent sent to assassinate Sergei Skripal was awarded Vladimir Putin’s highest honour, according to villagers in his old town. Alexander Mishkin (Alexander Petrov), 39, received the Hero of the Russian Federation, an honour given by decree of the president in 2014
November 12:
The Novichok poisonings of double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia, by Russian intelligence agents in Salisbury and a series of cyber-attacks allegedly directed by the Kremlin have strained ties between the UK and Russia in the last 12 months.
But the British prime minister will use a traditional address at the Lord Mayor’s banquet in the City of London on Monday to say the UK is "ready to respond in kind" if there were signs of increased cooperation from Russia in the interests of international stability.
There was a dangerous escalation on Sunday in the long-running crisis between Ukraine and Russia, as the Russian coast guard attacked and seized three Ukrainian military ships and their crew. Ukraine’s government declared martial law on Monday 26 in response to the attack, and the incident led to public protests and international condemnations of Russia.
The naval clash is one of the most significant events in Ukraine and Russia’s hostilities since the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014, potentially setting up further conflict if tensions aren’t brought under control.
December 6:
Among the presidents, prime ministers, kings and princes who have visited Moscow over the past year to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin are some of the United States’ closest allies, who once might have been expected to devote their travel time to Washington. There’s a new power rising in the Middle East, and it needs to be wooed.
Three decades after the Soviet Union collapsed and the United States emerged as the undisputed superpower in the Middle East and North Africa, a resurgent Russia is back. Under the personal direction of Putin, Russia is stepping into the vac­uum left by the disengagement of the Obama administration and the unpredictability of the Trump one to challenge the United States’ dominant role in the region.
Russian oilmen, arms dealers and financiers have been fanning out across the region, striking billions of dollars’ worth of deals, reviving old relationships and forging new ones from Libya to the Persian Gulf. At the center of it all is Putin, whose strongman image resonates with the region’s authoritarian rulers at a time when doubts are growing about Washington’s commitment to the Middle East.
Russia’s 2015 military intervention in Syria has given Putin perhaps the single biggest boost, burnishing his credentials as a decisive and effective leader who delivers what he set out to achieve: the survival of President Bashar al-Assad.
In the light of President Trump's decision to withdraw the U.S. from its nuclear peace treaty with Russia, the Russian military prepares to establish a military airfield for its nuclear bombers on a Venezualan island in the Caribbean within reach of America.
In his annual news conference, Russian President Vladimir Putin states: "The world is facing a rising threat of a nuclear war because of the U.S. pullout from arms treaties and its destabilizing military plans."
Mr Putin “stressed that the (Russia-US) relations are the most important factor for providing strategic stability and international security,”
It follows a series of failed attempts to hold a new summit between the two leaders, including a planned meeting at November’s G20 in Argentina that Mr Trump abruptly cancelled, citing tensions in Ukraine.
Mr Trump and Mr Putin also failed to hold a fully-fledged meeting in Paris that same month on the sidelines of the centenary commemoration of the Armistice. The two leaders held their one and only summit in Helsinki in July, which was widely considered to have been disastrous for Mr Trump and his reputation at home and abroad.
Moscow has said one of the key issues it wanted to discuss with the US is Washington’s plans to withdraw from a Cold War-era nuclear arms pact. Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov was quoted as saying it was now up to the US whether to hold a new meeting in 2019.
“The issue should be addressed to Washington. Both our president and his representatives have said that we are ready for the talks when Washington is ready for it,” TASS news agency quoted Mr Lavrov as saying in televised remarks.
December 10:
Russia has conducted another successful test of its ship-based hypersonic missile, (tsirkon) a weapon the United States is currently unable to defend against (top speed of Mach 8).
2019 January 6:
Russia is allegedly trying to set up a new spy network in the UK after its unit was decimated following the aftermath of the Salisbury nerve agent attack.
British Intelligence forces are said to be concerned by attempts by the SVR (Russia's foreign intelligence agency) to re-establish itself in Britain.
UK Officials are confident that GRU, the agency which masterminded the attempted assassination of Sergei Skripal last year (2018), had been dismantled.
Russian president Vladimir Putin has said he will pull out of a nuclear pact within six months after the US withdrew from the Cold War-era treaty. Putin accused the US of breaching a nuclear arms pact after the US suspended the Cold War-era treaty and said Russia would follow suit, threatening to start working on new missiles.
China's government appealed to both nations to maintain the treaty. The country's foreign ministry warned there could be "adverse consequences" after the Trump administration withdrew from the treaty.
"Pardonner aux terroristes depend de dieu,
mais les envoyer aupres de lui,
cela depend de moi
Vladimir Putin
"Forgiveness of terrorists depends on God
But it is our resposibility
to send them to Him."
Please note that
the Bible instructs us all —
"If one is burdened with the blood of another, he will be a fugitive until death;
let no one help him.

Proverbs 28:17.
International Criminal Court
International Criminal Court
See: Crime and Its Punishment (explaining why we must deal with Mr Putin)
More than 20 million Russians (about 15% of the population), are now living below the poverty line.
In 2013, 10% of the population fell under this category. They cannot afford more economic sanctions. They need a new leader.
The percentage of Russians who had any savings fell from 72 percent in 2013 to 27 percent in 2016, according to a year-end analysis published on
For the first time in seven years, Russians are spending more than half their money on groceries.
Please...  pray  for  them
See also: The Russian Mafia/Bratva

Russia's KGB/FSB FBI Records Vault America's C I A Common 'Christian' Fallacies

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