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Sabbath Observance
Israel's   Covenant   Sign
But the Sabbath did not come from Israel's national covenant.
God did not "rest" on the seventh day to go to synagogue or church!
He simply set Himself as role-model for those designed to represent Him.
It was included in the Ten Commandments because Israel is part of the human race.
Genesis 2:2-3!
"You [Moses] are to speak to the people of Israel and say,
'Above all you shall keep My Sabbaths, for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations,
          that you may know that I, the LORD, sanctify you.
You shall keep the Sabbath, because it is holy for you.
Everyone who profanes it shall be put to death.
Whoever does any work on it, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
          Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD.
God Himself
human Role-Model
Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day shall be put to death.
Therefore the people of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, observing the Sabbath throughout their generations, as a covenant forever.
Exodus 31:13-18.
It is a sign forever between Me and the people of Israel –
that in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested
and was refreshed'.
And He gave to Moses, when He had finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God." [the Ten Commandments to represent this Sinai Covenant with the nation Israel].
Ten Commandments
not for Christians!
Seventh-day Baptists have observed a religious Sabbath (Saturday) since the early 17th century AD/CE, and influenced the Seventh-day Adventist movement toward that doctrine in the mid-1800s, who then identified Sunday-worship as a heretical substitute and 'mark' of the followers of Antichrist (See: their prophecies). They and some others believe that keeping seventh-day Sabbath is a moral obligation arising out of the Ten Commandments.
This sad error has helped divide Christianity and thus impeded the work of the Spirit of God through the Body of Christ in this world and consequently delayed the Lord's return to a Bride prepared.

1.  Origin  
It originates
in the Creation-order of life from God's work of preparing the earth for humanity, in which this seven-day sequence is presented in God's behaviour as our role-model for human life in His image.
The word Sabbath means 'to cease' and refers to the cessation of God's creative work. In reflection of this great Example, humans themselves are therefore to use every seventh day to draw an end-line to their week's work, all its work, of any kind.
"So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy [separate],
because on it God rested from all His work that He had done in Creation."
Genesis 2:3.
in Israel's exodus, in forming Jacob's descendants into a nation to carry the Lord's name, God instituted the Sabbath for Israel at their Desert of Sin Camp, on 15th day of 2nd month after leaving Egypt under Moses; that is, exactly one month after their first Passover. 
"This is what the LORD has commanded: '...See! The LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore on the sixth day He gives you bread for two days. Remain each of you in his place; let no one go out of his place on the seventh day."
Exodus 16:23-30
is introduced as an existing tradition ("remember" Exodus 20:8) that is now to become absolutely binding in the context of their gathering and preparing food (the Manna).
2.  Observance  
“Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that
your ox and your donkey may rest and the slave born in your household, and the alien as well, may be refreshed.”
No work of ANY kind –    
"Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day must be put to death"
Exodus 31:15.
No travel from the domestic area –  
"Everyone is to stay where he is on the seventh day; no-one is to go out."
Exodus 16:29.
Death penalty for violation –  
"Anyone who desecrates it must be put to death
whoever does any work on that day must be cut off from his people ...
Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day must be put to death."
Exodus 31:14-15;
and Exodus 35:2.
3.  A Marker  
appointing special times for the religious Festivals of Israel, the Sabbath is often used as a marker from which to count a number of days. This is shown in both the Festival of First-fruits and the Festival of Weeks/Sevens. Both these Festivals are to be held on the day after the Sabbath, that is on the First Day of the week.
This Festival of First-fruits (ביכורים‎) was to be held on the day after the Sabbath, after the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread which is the 15th day of the First Month (Abib, Leviticus 23:11, later called Nisan), that is the First Day of the week. And in the year 30 AD, this day was –
the very day on which Jesus was raised from the dead!
Concerning this then, the Bible describes the Lord Jesus as the 'first-fruits of the dead' (1 Corinthians 15:4,20,23); thus fulfilling the spiritual type, or ultimate symbolic meaning, of the festival of First Fruits.
Psalm 118 was traditionally the hymn sung to conclude the end of the Passover, and therefore also Christ's Last Supper (Mark 14:26).
  This makes this Psalm's statement all the more beautiful in this regard:
"The stone the builders rejected
  – by His crucifixion
has become the capstone
  – by His resurrection
the Lord has done this, and it is marvellous in our eyes
This is the day the Lord has made
  – Jesus' Resurrection day
let us rejoice and be glad in it"
  – this First day of the week
Psalm 118:22-24.
In addition, the Jewish festival of Weeks or Sevens was held on the day after the seventh Sabbath from the above – again, on the first day of the week.
In 30 AD, this was the unique day on which Jesus gave the Holy Spirit to all His disciples (Acts 2), hallelujah; the same Spirit by Whom He had been raised from the dead (Rom.1:4): both times on the first day of the week.
The Celebratory First Day:
Thus the celebratory nature of this first day of the week, arising from the supernatural and completing nature of Christ's resurrection by the Holy Spirit, set this day, from the very beginning of the gospel, as – the special day of Christian celebration.
Christ's Resurrection
the Church's Pentecost
apostolic letter to the Corinthian church indicates that Christian worship meetings were expected to include the celebration of Eucharist/The Lord's Supper (1 Corinthians 11) and the receiving of financial support.–
"On the first day of every week,
each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income;
so that when I come no collections will have to be made."
1 Corinthians 16:2.
This is not a personal money-saving exercise, but the receiving of offerings at the regular weekly meeting of the Christians. The earliest of Christians (Jewish) with their awareness of Old Testament teachings observed both days – the Seventh in quiet rest, and the First in joy-filled celebration of Jesus and the works of God accomplished in Him.
"On the first day of the week, when we were gathered together to break bread,
Paul talked with them, intending to depart on the next day, and he prolonged his speech until midnight."
Acts 20:7
Seventh-day Adventist allegation (which damns the rest of the Christian Church as carrying the 'mark of the Beast') that Roman emperor Constantine corrupted the Church's Sabbath from the seventh to the first day of the week (eighth day of the previous week) and so betrayed God's Law, is simply not true!
so-called Epistle of Barnabas, written no later than the beginning of the second century (about 132 AD: two centuries before Constantine), refers to the Christians meeting for their worship each Sunday as –
“Wherefore we also celebrate with gladness the eighth day in which Jesus also rose from the dead, and was made manifest, and ascended into Heaven.”
Barnabas 15:9
blame the Roman Catholic Church for Christians not have their regular meetings on Saturdays and quote some of its documents as though it somehow had such power, which is also an historical fabrication. Another early Christian document from the beginning of the second century, that is less than a hundred years after the launch of the Christian Church into history, the Didache, states clearly enough for those with integrity  to understand –
Weekly Communion
on Sundays
long before Constantine!
“On the Lord's Day of the Lord come together, break bread and hold Eucharist,
after confessing your transgressions that your offering may be pure;
but let none who has a quarrel with his fellow join in your meeting until they are reconciled, that your sacrifice be not defiled.”
Didache 14:1-2.
worship of God on the first day (eighth day of the previous week), Sunday, is no more in honour of the sun god than is the worship of God on the seventh day (Saturday) is in honour of the god Saturnus!
Very sadly, this exaltation of a day to worship God to the status of an identity-sign of the true Church has separated and set Seventh-day Adventism aside, and also others influenced by its heresy, from the further spiritual growth of the Christian Church today in readiness for Christ's return, which is evident in many spiritual renewals of Christianity which pass them by.
4.  A Spiritual State  
"There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God;
for anyone who enters God's rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from His."
Hebrews 4:9-10
spiritual Sabbath-rest is not Heaven. It is the state-of-grace in which those who have believed in the sufficiency of Jesus rest from their own works (self-justification) and instead live out of the works of Christ.
It is a spiritual place-of-peace where the heart dwells.
It is a  resting in Christ our Righteousness – forever.

'Christian' Fallacies SDA 'Sanctuary' Doctrine 

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