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Sanctuary and Service 1
"Tell Israel to bring Me an offering ... from each man whose heart prompts him to give ...
Then have them make a sanctuary for Me, and I will dwell among them.
Make this tabernacle and all its furnishings exactly like the pattern I will show you."
Exodus 25:1-9
The Mosaic Sanctuary (The Tent of God)  
  Exodus 25-40  
  Rectangular Outer Court: aligned east-west, 100 cubits long (c.46 metres) and 50 cubits wide (c.23 metres), with an opening 20 cubits wide (c.9.2 metres) in the centre of the east end.
Within this area: a rectangular east-facing Sanctuary (30 by 10 cubits) erected toward the western end.
Within the Sanctuary, the inner third is curtained off by the Veil to form a 103 cubit Most Holy space without any external light.
  Gold, Silver, Bronze,
Fine Linen, Blue, Purple and Scarlet Yarn,
Red Dyed Ram Skins, Goats Hair, Dugong Hides,
Acacia Wood, Olive Oil, Frankincense,
Onyx Stones and other Gems
The Ark of the Testimony (The Ark)
Exodus 25:10-16.
The Testimony(The Law, The Covenant)
Exodus 24:12;25:21.
  Open top rectangular acacia wood gold clad box, fitted with four gold rings through which are two acacia wood gold clad poles.  
The Atonement Cover (The Mercy Seat)
Exodus 25:17-22.
The Veil
Exodus 26:31-35.
  Fine-twined linen embroidered in blue, purple and scarlet yarn with Cherubim.  
The Table
Exodus 25:23-30.
6. The Lampstand
Exodus 25:31-40.
The Altar of Burnt Offering
Exodus 27:1-8.
The Altar of Incense
Exodus 30:1-10.
The Basin for Washing
Exodus 30:17-21
  Bronze covered acacia wood  
The Sacred Anointing Oil
Exodus 30:22-33.
        Mix thoroughly –
Liquid Myrrh – 
500 shekels (c.6 kilograms)
Fragrant Cinnamon – 
250 shekels
Fragrant Cane – 
250 shekels
Cassia – 
500 shekels
Olive Oil – 
one hin (c.4 litres)
The Sacred Incense
Exodus 30:34-38.
      Mix equal amounts of –
Gum Resin; Onycha; Galbanum; and Pure Frankincense.
      Salt and grind to a powder.
With censor
The High Priest's Vestment
Exodus 28:6-30.
Upon the breast of this vestment was attached a large pocket mounted on the outside with twelve precious stones engraved with the names of the tribes which the High Priest represented before God, and inside this pocket were two stones – the Urim and the Thummim, for determining the decision of God on issues presented to Him.
History and Abuse
Mosaic Sanctuary was completed on 1st of the first month (Exodus 40:1, Abib called Nisan after the Exile) of the second year, after the Exodus from Egypt. It began its travels with Israel from the plain before the Sinai peak of mount Horeb on the 20th day of the 2nd month in the 2nd year after the Exodus.
After Joshua conquers the central spine of Palestine, the Sanctuary is placed at Shiloh, Israel's unofficial capital.
Later, before the civil war, the Sanctuary is at Bethel under high priest Phineas son of Eleazar (Jud.20:18,23,26-28).
The Sanctuary is again at Shiloh, now with Eli as high priest, but the Ark of the Testimony is captured by Philistines and Eli dies. His grandson Ahitub becomes high priest at Shiloh but the Ark is still at Kiriath-jearim (1Sam.6) after being returned to Beth-shemesh from the Philistines.
Priest, Prophet and Judge Samuel builds an altar at Ramah (1Sam.7-10).
King Saul takes the Ark of the Testimony with him to war (1Sam.14:3,18).
King David brings the Ark, from the house of Abinadab on the hill in Kiriath-jearim, by cart (violating the Lord's instruction to Moses) and is stopped near the home of Obed-Edom the Gittite by God's judgement on Uzzah the son of Abinadab (2Sam.6:1-11).
King David brings the Ark, from the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite when he sees that the home is blessed, to Jerusalem, on the shoulders of Levites. David sacrifices to the Lord after the first six steps of those that carry the Ark, and continues to dance with joy and praise before the Ark en route wearing only a simple ephod, to the accompaniment of trumpets. He has it placed inside a special tent near the Gihon spring on the eastern slope and offers burnt and fellowship sacrifices before it. He blesses the people and distributes bread, dates and raisins to them in celebration of its presence (2Sam.6:12-19).

The Earlier Festivals  
"These are the Lord's appointed feasts, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing offerings made to the Lord by fire –
the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day.
These offerings are in addition to those for the Lord's Sabbaths and in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings you give to the Lord.".
Leviticus 23:37-38
First Month (Abib / Nisan)
Passover (Pesach) (Exodus 12:1-27, 43-49; Deut. 16:1-7)
From twilight on the 14th day of the First Month until dawn on the 15th day.
A year old sheep or goat is to be roasted and completely eaten in family groups. The meal continues in a vigil until dawn.
Unleavened Bread (Exodus 12:14-20; Deut. 16:8, 16-17)
From dawn on the 15th day of the First Month until the 21st day of the month inclusive.
No yeast is to be used or kept during this time in commemoration of the haste with which Israel left Egypt. The first and last days (15th & 21st) are festival days of no manual labour and of special offerings.
First Fruits
The first barley sheaf
Sevens (Shavuot) Pentecost (Deut. 16:9-12, 16-17)
After seven-times-seven days (49) the next day (50th) is a special day, on which two barley loaves are presented as wave offering
Seventh Month (Ethanim)
First day of the month is a  day of rest. Present an offering to the Lord made by fire.
Atonement (Kippur)
The tenth day of the month is a day of rest and fasting, from the evening of the 9th to the following evening.
Booths (Succot) (Deut. 16:13-17)
From the 15th day of the month, for seven days, present burnt offerings to the Lord. The first and eighth days are scared assemblies on which no work is to be done.
During this week Israel is to live under branch booths. (Every seventh year this feast is the feast of the public reading of the Law - Deut.31:10-13).

Sanctuary 2 - Solomonic Sanctuary 3 - Postexilic Sanctuary 4 - Zionist
Temple History 1  |  Temple History 2

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