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Sanctuary and Service 3
"Then have them make a sanctuary for Me, and I will dwell among them."
(Exodus 25:8).
The Post Exilic Sanctuary (The Second Temple)  
  Zerubabel to Herod's Temple  
  As for the Solomonic Temple.  
  Less lavish until Herod began to embellish.  
• Ark of the Covenant, from the Holy of Holies.
• Urim and Thummim stones, from within the High priest's breast-piece.
History and Abuse
View toward the Temple beyond the Nicanor GateThis Temple was initiated exactly 70 years after the destruction of the Solomonic Temple and was added to over a period of about 400 years.
Herod the Great, to establish his Jewish identity and so strengthen his position as their king, greatly beautified their Temple and extended its courts, commencing in 
This Temple became one of the most important temples of the whole ancient world, drawing millions of pilgrims from all corners of the Roman and Persian empires and their Jewish diasporas.
The Officers  
All alcoholic drinks are prohibited during their service on pain of death, for they are teachers of God's Word (Lev.10:8-11).
They are to be holy and without disease or defect because they offer the "food" of God (Lev.21:6).
High Priests
  Initially these were the firstborn sons descended from  the son of Aaron
Then, in the time of David, to fulfil  the promise of God to Phineas the son of 
  Sons of Aaron  
  Officiating Priest's share
  • the breast of the Burnt Offering and the hide. (Lev.7:8)
  • the breast and the right thigh of the Fellowship Offering

  • (Lev.7:28-36)
      Every male over twenty years who had no deformity or disease.  
    The Service  
      The blood of the Offerings was not to be burnt on the Altar, but splashed against its four sides.
    The ash from the Altar and placed on the East side to be removed to a clean place outside. (Lev.6:10-11).
    The fire on the Altar must never be allowed to go out. (Lev.6:12-13).
    Five basic forms of Offering were prescribed by God 
      Burnt Offering  
    Of Cattle
    Of Sheep or Goats
      Slaughter it at the north side of the Altar (Lev.1:11).  
    Of Doves or Young Pigeons
      The crop with its contents is to be removed and thrown to the east of the Altar where the ashes are (Lev.1:16).  
      Grain Offering  
      Composed of fine flour, olive oil, and incense, and flavoured with salt (Lev.2:13).
    It must not contain any yeast or honey (Lev.2:11).
    A handful is to be burnt up upon the Altar to the Lord
      Fellowship Offering  
      Fat and kidneys to be burnt as an offering to the Lord  
      Sin Offering  
      Guilt Offering  
    The Later Festivals  
    "These are the Lord's appointed feasts, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing offerings made to the Lord by fire – the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day.
    These offerings are in addition to those for the Lord's Sabbaths and in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings you give to the Lord."
    (Lev. 23:37-38).
    Days 14-15 of Twelfth Month (Adar)
    Days of feasting and gladness and sending gifts to one another to celebrate the deliverance from genocide in the days of Esther and Mordecai.
    First Month (Abib / Nisan)
    Passover (Pesach) (Exodus 12:1-27, 43-49; Deut. 16:1-7)
    From twilight on the 14th day of the First Month until dawn on the 15th day.
    A year old sheep or goat is to be roasted and completely eaten in family groups. The meal continues in a vigil until dawn.
    In view of the volume of worshippers in Jerusalem from the Diaspora the day of sacrifice was extended to the night of the 15th.
    Unleavened Bread (Exodus 12:14-20; Deut. 16:8, 16-17)
    From dawn on the 15th day of the First Month until the 21st day of the month inclusive. 
    No yeast is to be used or kept during this time in commemoration of the haste with which Israel left Egypt. The first and last days (15th & 21st) are festival days of no manual labour and of special offerings
    First Fruits
    The first barley sheaf
    Sevens (Shavuot) Pentecost (Deut. 16:9-12, 16-17)
    After seven-times-seven days (49) the next day (50th) is a special day, in which two barley loaves as wave offering
    Seventh Month (Ethanim)
    First day of the month is a  day of rest. Present an offering to the Lord made by fire.
    Atonement (Kippur)
    The tenth day of the month is a day of rest and fasting, from the evening of the 9th to the following evening.
    Booths (Succot) (Deut. 16:13-17)
    From the 15th day of the month, for seven days, present burnt offerings to the Lord. The first and eighth days are scared assemblies on which no work is to be done.
    During this week Israel is to live under branch booths. (Every seventh year this feast is the feast of the public reading of the Law - Deut.31:10-13).
    Day 25 Eleventh Month (Kislev)
    Eight days celebration of the cleansing of the Jerusalem Sanctuary and the provision of sacred oil for the Sanctuary lights by Judas Maccabeus

    Sanctuary 1 - Mosaic
    Sanctuary 3 - Postexilic
    Sanctuary 4 - Zionist
    Sabbath Observance
    Journal of the Journey
    Tent Construction

    Temple History 1  |  Temple History 2

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