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The Mystery of the Kingdom
Jesus said – 
 "To you it has been given to know the Mystery of the Kingdom of God.  
But to these, those outside, all things are being given in parables..." 
 Mark 4:11
The 'Kingdom' of the God centres on the person of the Lord Jesus Christ, its coming king.
 The 'mysteries' (μυστηρια, Matthew 13:11) of the Kingdom of God arise from the 
separation between
the immediate presence of the Kingdom in the person of Jesus before
the physical appearance of His Kingdom when it comes visibly in the future.

See also:
The Kingdom of God
The messianic title
prophesied in Psalm 2:7.
It did NOT mean that God
had sex with Mary as is misunderstood in some circles.
Matthew 3:16.
'dove' signifying the
New Beginning
as for Noah.
The presence of the Kingdom arrived in this world (invisibly / its mystery-form)
when the humanity of Jesus was anointed by the Holy Spirit as Israel's Messiah after His baptism by John in the Jordan
when God declared Jesus to be His Son [Messiah] in whom He was well-pleased..
"And when Jesus was baptized, immediately He went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to Him,
and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on Him
presence of the Kingdom in Jesus Christ has no bearing at all on His deity in any way whatsoever.
  In our New Testament, the word 'kingdom' (βασιλεία/basileia) refers to the rule, the reign, or authority of God.  
This was no anointing of the Spirit such as prophets and priests had experienced in times past. This was no anointing upon the functions of an office as with priests and prophets. This was a permanent anointing upon the individual person, hence the sign of new beginning to John the Baptist in the symbol of the 'dove' as to Noah. In this unique event, John the Baptist observes, concerning this sign of messiahship of which he was the chosen witness –
  "John bore witness: 'I saw the Spirit descend from heaven like a dove, and it remained on Him'." 
This was no anointing for a particular task. This was an anointing without limit! This was the direct presence of God's kingdom.
John 1:32,
note the distinction.
is made clear by Jesus Himself, when the Pharisees were speculating about the source of Christ's authority over unclean spirits, the Lord Jesus then explained this essence of the Kingdom present, for those willing to hear, as –
  "...if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you." Matthew 12:28.
invisible immediate presence of the Kingdom in Jesus, was later made physically visible on the Mount of Transfiguration to three selected disciples of the Christ about six months before His crucifixion.
in anticipation of this coming special event, Jesus had announced publicly said concerning them –
"...'I tell you truly, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God.'
Now about eight days after these sayings He took with Him Peter and John and James and went up on the mountain to pray.
And as He was praying, the appearance of His face was altered, and His clothing became dazzling white.
And behold, two men were talking with Him, Moses and Elijah, who appeared in glory and spoke of His departure,
which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem."
Luke 9:27-31.
White represented
victory in that time.
presence of the Kingdom in the person of Christ had simply been made visible to the selected audience of His three disciples. The distinction between the presence of the Kingdom and its appearance is the essence of the Mystery of the Kingdom of God.
The Jewish expectation of this Kingdom, as revealed to the prophet Daniel (Chapters 2 and 7) of it displacing the fourth kingdom after Babylon, the Roman, had often led to such speculation and political insurrection that Jesus had needed to say to their religious leaders –
"The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed, nor will they say, 'Look, here it is!' or 'There!'
for behold, the Kingdom of God is in the midst of you."
"in the midst of you", the Pharisees, is Christ referring to Himself among them, which has often been mistranslated as 'in you', causing even more confusion as to the meaning.
Luke 17:20-21.
Note that the
term 'kingdom' (βασιλειαν) does not refer to a realm or territory, but to God's absolute rule, reign, or authority. The presence of this Kingdom among humanity walked in Jesus. But the New Testament teaches us that Christ the King will only establish His rule over all at His visible return, when the mystery of the Kingdom is no longer a mystery.
This separation between the presence of the Kingdom in Christ and its physical appearance at His return is the Mystery. This Mystery continues in His Church, His Body today!
distinction was completely hidden from all Old Testament revelation.
Remember, Jesus had said –
  "From the days of John the Baptist until now the Kingdom of Heaven has suffered violence, and the violent take it by force.
For all the Prophets and the Law prophesied until John...".
Matthew 11:12-13.
This is why John the Baptist quite rightly expected the Jesus, whom he had baptised, to judge Israel, dividing the 'wheat' from the 'chaff' in the harvest of God's judgment to institute the Kingdom (Matt.3:11-13). But He did not. The hidden time was approaching, of which both angels and all Old Testament prophets knew nothing. Even though John had witnessed the descent of the Spirit on Jesus as a 'dove' signifying the new beginning which had now come in the Messiah (as the dove was the sign to Noah of the new beginning), Christ's behaviour simply did not match John's inspired expectation. And so later from his prison cell he sends to disciples to ask Jesus if He really is the one – the Messiah!
  "Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples and said to Him,
'Are you the one who is to come [the Messiah], or shall we look for another?'"

Matthew 11:2-3.
Satan was also confused and
caught off guard accordingly
hence his use of Judas
to get the Christ crucified
ministry was Sower in His 3½ years of public ministry (Matt.13:3), but what John the Baptist had quite rightly been expecting was Harvest time (Matt.3:12);
and this spiritual sowing by the Spirit still continues today in His Christian Church worldwide.
For this reason, the Apostle Paul refers to it as the hidden time, hidden from the very beginning, this core reality of his Christian ministry –
  " bring to light for everyone what is the plan of the mystery hidden for ages in God who created all things,
so that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known
to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places."
Ephesians 3:9-10;
& Colossians 1:26.
hidden time of the Kingdom of God in its mystery form continues today,
and will do so until Christ's Church has fulfilled its obedience.
Some theologians have foolishly concluded that Jesus simply had a different view of the character of the Kingdom of God from the Jews; that is – instead of a political Kingdom it would be a moral Kingdom. Not only is this view untrue, it does violence to the character and unity of Holy Scripture. The unexpected, hidden from all previous generations, was the distinction between the presence and the appearance of God's Kingdom: its mystery.
As with Himself, Christ's gift of the Holy Spirit to His people enabled the continuance of God's Kingdom presence in His Church, to do the works He had done. Hallelujah!
hidden time, or mystery of the Kingdom, will conclude when His disciples have concluded the task He gave them to do –
  "...this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations,
and then the end will come."
Matthew 24:14.
completion of this task fulfils the identity of Christ's Church as His Body, His presence, the 3½-year Final Witness or Elijah-time; and climactic end-time, in which Christ then shows His people to the world in resurrection glory.

Kingdom Parables The Terminal Sequence A Biblical Structure of History The Elijah Time

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